Human factors in transportation
Download
1 / 20

Human Factors in Transportation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 282 Views
  • Updated On :

Human Factors in Transportation . Arnold G. Konheim U.S. Department of Transportation November 13, 2008. \\. Goal. Transportation that is Safe Efficient Accessible Environmentally Friendly. Human Factors.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Human Factors in Transportation' - Donna


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Human factors in transportation l.jpg

Human Factors in Transportation

Arnold G. Konheim

U.S. Department of Transportation

November 13, 2008



Slide4 l.jpg
Goal

Transportation that is

  • Safe

  • Efficient

  • Accessible

  • Environmentally Friendly


Human factors l.jpg
Human Factors

In the design and operation of transportation systems and conveyances, must consider the physiological and cognitive capabilities of humans

  • Prevent accidents

  • Increase efficiency

  • Make accessible

  • Provide comfort


Older drivers l.jpg
Older Drivers

  • Physical, Sensory, and Cognitive limitations.

    • Impaired Visually

    • Limited Agility

    • Fatigue

  • Safest Among Age Groups

    • Self Limit

    • Avoid Risks

  • In Terms of Exposure, Most Fatalities


  • Improvements l.jpg
    Improvements

    • Vehicle

      • Following at a Safe Distance

      • Night Driving

      • Lane Change

    • Highway

      • Signage

      • Lighting


    Quiet cars l.jpg
    Quiet Cars

    • Transportation Can be a Source of Noise Pollution

    • Electric Cars Make Little Noise

    • Pose a Safety Problem to Visually Impaired


    Communications l.jpg
    Communications

    • Particular concern: English as a Second Language

    • Signage

      • Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices provides standards for the US

      • There are innovative signs

    • Announcements

      • Audio Systems

      • Announcers


    Simulators l.jpg
    Simulators

    • Used in All Modes of Transportation

    • Used for Conveyance Operator and System Operator


    Simulators15 l.jpg
    Simulators

    • Training

    • Research on Human Performance

    • Development of In-Cab or In-Cockpit Systems


    Displays l.jpg
    Displays

    • Operators of Conveyance

    • Operators of System

    • Users


    Other areas l.jpg
    Other Areas

    • Next Generation Air Transportation System

    • Operator Fatigue

    • Risk Perception

    • Conspicuity

    • Crew Size

    • Allocating Tasks to Humans and Automation

    • Physical Demands of Task and Environment


    Collaborative effort l.jpg
    Collaborative Effort

    • Government

    • Industry

    • Research Institutions