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Human Factors in Transportation . Arnold G. Konheim U.S. Department of Transportation November 13, 2008. \\. Goal. Transportation that is Safe Efficient Accessible Environmentally Friendly. Human Factors.

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human factors in transportation

Human Factors in Transportation

Arnold G. Konheim

U.S. Department of Transportation

November 13, 2008

slide4
Goal

Transportation that is

  • Safe
  • Efficient
  • Accessible
  • Environmentally Friendly
human factors
Human Factors

In the design and operation of transportation systems and conveyances, must consider the physiological and cognitive capabilities of humans

  • Prevent accidents
  • Increase efficiency
  • Make accessible
  • Provide comfort
older drivers
Older Drivers
  • Physical, Sensory, and Cognitive limitations.
    • Impaired Visually
    • Limited Agility
    • Fatigue
  • Safest Among Age Groups
      • Self Limit
      • Avoid Risks
  • In Terms of Exposure, Most Fatalities
improvements
Improvements
  • Vehicle
    • Following at a Safe Distance
    • Night Driving
    • Lane Change
  • Highway
    • Signage
    • Lighting
quiet cars
Quiet Cars
  • Transportation Can be a Source of Noise Pollution
  • Electric Cars Make Little Noise
  • Pose a Safety Problem to Visually Impaired
communications
Communications
  • Particular concern: English as a Second Language
  • Signage
    • Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices provides standards for the US
    • There are innovative signs
  • Announcements
    • Audio Systems
    • Announcers
simulators
Simulators
  • Used in All Modes of Transportation
  • Used for Conveyance Operator and System Operator
simulators15
Simulators
  • Training
  • Research on Human Performance
  • Development of In-Cab or In-Cockpit Systems
displays
Displays
  • Operators of Conveyance
  • Operators of System
  • Users
other areas
Other Areas
  • Next Generation Air Transportation System
  • Operator Fatigue
  • Risk Perception
  • Conspicuity
  • Crew Size
  • Allocating Tasks to Humans and Automation
  • Physical Demands of Task and Environment
collaborative effort
Collaborative Effort
  • Government
  • Industry
  • Research Institutions