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MAJORING IN WAGERING:. Gambling in College. Non-tribal casinos?. Card rooms?. 2005: Video slots. More tribal casinos?. 1994-2004: Nine tribal casinos open. 1992: Video lottery begins. 1989: Off-track betting. 1933: Legalization of racetrack gambling. 1984:

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Gambling in College


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. MAJORING IN WAGERING: Gambling in College

    2. Non-tribal casinos? Card rooms? 2005: Video slots More tribal casinos? 1994-2004: Nine tribal casinos open 1992: Video lottery begins 1989: Off-track betting 1933: Legalization of racetrack gambling 1984: Voters approve state lottery Legal Gambling in Oregon ?

    3. Gambling in Oregon • Lottery • Scratch-its • Megabucks • Powerball • Video gaming • Keno • Bingo • Casino gaming • Sports bets • Horse racing • Stocks • Internet • Office pools • Poker/cards • Bets among friends The only state that offers more gambling opportunities than Oregon is Nevada!

    4. Availability Accessibility Acceptability Age “A” Host of Gambling Trends

    5. More Popular than Ever…

    6. SPORTS BETS • About 30% of U.S. college students will gamble on sports this year (NCPG) • Only states where sports wagering is legal: • Nevada • Oregon

    7. A NEW CAMPUS FAVORITE: INTERNET GAMBLING • More than 1,400 Internet casinos • All offshore • Concerns • So new that effects are not well studied • Not much legal oversight or protection • Very easy to hide • Done in isolation • Accelerated progression to problem gambling

    8. WHEN IT GETS TO BE TOO MUCH • Rate of problem gambling among college students is about 5.6% (Shaffer & Hall, 2001) • About 15 percent of college students at least at risk for gambling problems (Neighbors, University of Washington)

    9. AT HIGH RISK:Rates of Problem Gambling by Age Sources: Carlson & Moore, 1998; Shaffer & Hall, 2001; Moore, 2001; Volberg, 2001

    10. IMPLICATIONS: MORE THAN JUST MONEY • Debt/loss of property • Family and social breakups • Loss of job • Depression, suicide • Increased rates of bankruptcies, crimes (theft, robbery, fraud, forgery, embezzlement) to finance gambling • Other risky behaviors concurrent

    11. Male Weekly or daily user of alcohol or illicit drugs Relatively high disposable income Had been raised by a parent with a gambling problem NOT associated with problem gambling: Amount of credit card debt GPA School class level “TYPICAL” COLLEGE PROBLEM GAMBLER Source: Winters, 1998

    12. SOCIAL GAMBLING PROBLEM GAMBLING TELLING THE DIFFERENCE Frequent, or spends more time gambling. Occasional gambler. Plays with $ that is needed or borrowed. Sticks to limits of money to play with. Expects to win; keeps playing to win back losses. Hopes to win but expects to lose. Is revolved around gambling. Can take it or leave it.

    13. X X X X X X X O O O O O O O O GAMBLING & COLLEGE ATHLETICS

    14. ATHLETES VS. NON-ATHLETES • General gambling: • Athletes 81% • Non-athletes 81% • 28% of athletes gambled on athletic events • Rate of problem gambling: • Athletes 6.2% • Non-athletes 3.3% Source: Rockey, 2002; Southeastern Conference (SEC) study

    15. MOST POPULAR GAMBLING ACTIVITIES AMONG ATHLETES • Sports betting • 25% gambled on sports • 4% gambled on events they were involved in • Playing cards for money • Lotteries • Casino games • Casino-style machines (e.g., slots & video poker) Source: Miller et. al, 2001

    16. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN STUDY • 72% of student athletes have gambled at least once since entering college • One in 20 male student athletes admitted: • providing inside information for gambling purposes • betting on a game in which they participated, or • accepting money for performing poorly in a game • Student athletes who gambled on sports with bookies gambled an average of $225 per month Source: Cross & Vollano, University of Michigan

    17. NO SAFE BET: DANGERS OF ATHLETE PROBLEM GAMBLING • Athletic & academic failure • Crime • Relationship problems • Alcohol & substance abuse • Debt • Depression & suicide • NCAA repercussions

    18. NCAA RULES FOR STUDENT ATHLETES • “You may not place any bet of any sort on any college or professional sports event.” • “You may not give information to anyone who does place bets on college or professional sports.”

    19. ADDRESSING THE PROBLEM ON CAMPUS • Policies: • Introduce gambling language in student conduct code • Campus-based program recommendations: • Campus counseling services • Curriculum infusion – gambling with addictions courses, etc. • Prevention programs: Provide awareness education, including available help resources for gambling and other disorders • Resident hall advisor training

    20. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR COLLEGE ATHLETICS • Athletic screening: • Part of a routine annual physical • Two questions to rule out problem gambling behaviors • Have you ever felt the need to bet more and more money? • Have you ever had to lie to people important to you about how much you gambled? • Athletic policy

    21. GETTING HELP IN YOUR AREA 1-877-2-STOP-NOW Help Line, available 24 hrs, every day • Your treatment agency name here • Treatment is free for gamblers and loved ones • More tidbits about your regional treatment agency here

    22. FOR MORE INFORMATION Your name Your agency Your phone Your email address