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Your Digital Camera Using Your Icons and More How to use your camera, and take better photographs! Who I Am Harvey Gershenson Palmia resident since July 2007 Photography enthusiast since childhood My email address is [email protected] My home phone is 949.600.5574

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Your digital camera using your icons and more l.jpg

Your Digital CameraUsing Your Icons and More

How to use your camera, and take better photographs!


Who i am l.jpg
Who I Am

  • Harvey Gershenson

  • Palmia resident since July 2007

  • Photography enthusiast since childhood

  • My email address is [email protected]

  • My home phone is 949.600.5574

  • Do not hesitate to contact me


My goals for this class l.jpg
My Goals for This Class

  • Teach you how to use your camera

  • Make you a better photographer

  • Perhaps have some photo fun, by taking trips to nearby locations.

  • Make this class more like a photography club where we can share our pictures and enjoy them.


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Your Digital Camera

  • What are those funny numbers near my lens?

  • One set of numbers is the aperture settings.

  • We will discuss aperture to a greater extent in just a few minutes.


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Your Digital Camera

  • The other set of numbers deals with the lens magnification.

  • The small number is the wide angle.

  • The larger the second number, the greater the telephoto range.

  • Please remember, optical zoom is better than digital zoom.


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Point & Shoot Cameras

  • Different cameras use different icons.

  • The icons are there to make your life easier and provide a greater command over your camera.

  • To use your icons you must read your boring but useful camera manual or listen to me.

  • Another name for the icons is scene modes.


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My Scene Modes

  • Portrait Use at maximum telephoto

  • Soft Skin Softens skin texture

  • Scenery Auto focus is set at infinity

  • Sports Faster shutter speed

  • Night portrait Subject still for 1 second

  • Night scenery Shutter 8 seconds tripod

  • Panning Fast subject blurred background

  • Food Take picture without flash


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My Scene Modes

  • Party Picture indoors more nat. color

  • Candle Light Pictures with atmosphere tripod

  • Fireworks Use a tripod

  • Starry Sky Dark subject use a tripod

  • Baby 1 Enter child’s birth date

  • Baby 2 Enter child’s birth date

  • Snow Adjust exposure & white balance

  • High Sensitivity ISO is increased


What are icons l.jpg
What Are Icons?

  • Look at your camera

  • Does it have little pictures around a control knob or dial?

  • Those pictures are icons.

  • They can give you immediate control over your aperture, shutter speed and ISO (equivalent to film speed).


What is aperture l.jpg
What is Aperture?

  • Your camera has an iris, much like your eye.

  • The aperture is what controls the amount of light that comes in contact with the sensor in your camera.

  • The area that is in focus is also controlled by your aperture. This is known as depth of field.


Depth of field l.jpg
Depth of Field

  • You may want to control your depth of field for various reasons. Creativity is #1

  • When you photograph scenery that is in the distance your aperture gets very small.

  • The smaller the aperture the greater the depth of field.

  • Conversely, the larger the aperture number, the more shallow the depth of field.


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Using Depth of Field

  • If you want to take pictures of insects or flowers you want a shallow depth of field.

  • This means you want a larger aperture.

  • If you want to capture your subject and the beautiful background you want a smaller aperture.


Depth of field confusion l.jpg
Depth of Field Confusion

  • The smaller the number the larger the aperture.

  • In the days of film these aperture settings were known as F Stops.

  • Example, F 2.8 in a point and shoot is a large aperture.

  • Photographers still use the expression F stop.


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Depth of Field Confusion

  • An F Stop of 16 is a very small aperture.

  • Look at your camera and you should see the scope of the F Stops available to you.

  • Remember, if you want everything in focus you want to use the smallest aperture setting.


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Depth of Field Clarified

  • Now you know what those numbers are.

  • Now you know they can be used to enhance creativity.

  • Your camera will allow you to use that creativity in a number of ways.

  • It all depends on your camera’s manufacturer and the model.


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Depth of Field Icons

  • The landscape icon is usually indicated by mountains.

  • This is the maximum depth of field

  • Works with a wide angle setting or a wide angle lens.

  • Works with a telephoto lens.

  • Your flash should be turned off.


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Depth of Field Icons

  • The portrait icon controls your depth of field.

  • There is a minimum depth of field to prevent a distracting background.

  • A longer lens is preferred. In a digital camera 75 mm or longer is great!


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Aperture and Depth of Field

  • Portrait mode large aperture

  • Landscape mode small aperture

  • What happens when you use a small aperture?

  • Less light enters the camera.

  • The shutter speed has to slow down or the ISO increased.


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Shutter Speed Icons

  • Sports is a good example of a fast shutter speed.

  • The desire is to freeze the action. That is why they show a man running.

  • Because the shutter is working fast the aperture may open wider.

  • You lose some depth of field because of the wider aperture.


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Shutter Speed Icon

  • When you use the night time mode the shutter speed works in conjunction with your flash.

  • Your aperture will be open thus cutting down on your depth of field.

  • Consider resting your camera on a railing or against a building to capture a scene without the flash turned on.


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Close Up or Macro Mode

  • If you enjoy getting intimate with flowers this is the mode for you.

  • If you like insects this is the mode for you.

  • The depth of field is shallow.

  • If you have an SLR consider buying a macro lens.


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Other Settings

  • The auto mode sets your shutter speed and aperture for you. Sometimes you will see AE indicating this mode. My camera has the letter P to indicate the auto mode.

  • This works over 90% of the time.

  • As stated previously, all the different controls are there for you to get creative.

  • If you are not worried about creativity stay in the auto mode and you might be able to use your computer to create different effects.


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Other Settings

  • A indicates aperture priority.

  • This means you adjust the F Stop and the camera will adjust the shutter speed.

  • S indicates shutter priority.

  • This means you adjust the Shutter Speed and the camera will adjust the aperture.


Other settings24 l.jpg
Other Settings

  • M indicates manual mode.

  • You have to set the shutter.

  • You have to set the aperture.

  • You have to worry about everything.

  • Don’t do it unless you have more knowledge.


More settings l.jpg
More Settings

  • Backlight setting can be indicated by bright sand or snow.

  • Your subject will come out dark because the aperture shuts down due to excessive light.

  • When you turn on the backlight setting your subject is no longer dark.


Digital photography l.jpg
DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY

  • Digital Photography has changed the way people record their lives.

  • You have the power to change the images that you create.

  • You can correct your mistakes. If you don’t know how, and want to learn, take Don Yenche’s class on the 4th Friday of each month. You can also ask me.


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Sharing Our Pictures

  • You can bring in prints.

  • You can bring in a jump drive.

  • You can bring in a CD or DVD.

  • You can bring in a slide show.

  • Does this interest you?

  • I brought some prints and a slide show.


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Photo Shoots

  • Who is interested in going on a field trip for a photo shoot?

  • Suggestions for an interesting location would be appreciated.

  • Somebody suggested photographs around Palmia

  • We can do this in addition to our SIGs.


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THANK YOU FOR ATTENDING!

  • The next class is Friday July 17.

  • Starting time is 3 PM

  • If you have any questions regarding your camera or photography, let’s talk!


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