Your Digital CameraUsing Your Icons and More How to use your camera, and take better photographs!
Who I Am • Harvey Gershenson • Palmia resident since July 2007 • Photography enthusiast since childhood • My email address is email@example.com • My home phone is 949.600.5574 • Do not hesitate to contact me
My Goals for This Class • Teach you how to use your camera • Make you a better photographer • Perhaps have some photo fun, by taking trips to nearby locations. • Make this class more like a photography club where we can share our pictures and enjoy them.
Your Digital Camera • What are those funny numbers near my lens? • One set of numbers is the aperture settings. • We will discuss aperture to a greater extent in just a few minutes.
Your Digital Camera • The other set of numbers deals with the lens magnification. • The small number is the wide angle. • The larger the second number, the greater the telephoto range. • Please remember, optical zoom is better than digital zoom.
Point & Shoot Cameras • Different cameras use different icons. • The icons are there to make your life easier and provide a greater command over your camera. • To use your icons you must read your boring but useful camera manual or listen to me. • Another name for the icons is scene modes.
My Scene Modes • Portrait Use at maximum telephoto • Soft Skin Softens skin texture • Scenery Auto focus is set at infinity • Sports Faster shutter speed • Night portrait Subject still for 1 second • Night scenery Shutter 8 seconds tripod • Panning Fast subject blurred background • Food Take picture without flash
My Scene Modes • Party Picture indoors more nat. color • Candle Light Pictures with atmosphere tripod • Fireworks Use a tripod • Starry Sky Dark subject use a tripod • Baby 1 Enter child’s birth date • Baby 2 Enter child’s birth date • Snow Adjust exposure & white balance • High Sensitivity ISO is increased
What Are Icons? • Look at your camera • Does it have little pictures around a control knob or dial? • Those pictures are icons. • They can give you immediate control over your aperture, shutter speed and ISO (equivalent to film speed).
What is Aperture? • Your camera has an iris, much like your eye. • The aperture is what controls the amount of light that comes in contact with the sensor in your camera. • The area that is in focus is also controlled by your aperture. This is known as depth of field.
Depth of Field • You may want to control your depth of field for various reasons. Creativity is #1 • When you photograph scenery that is in the distance your aperture gets very small. • The smaller the aperture the greater the depth of field. • Conversely, the larger the aperture number, the more shallow the depth of field.
Using Depth of Field • If you want to take pictures of insects or flowers you want a shallow depth of field. • This means you want a larger aperture. • If you want to capture your subject and the beautiful background you want a smaller aperture.
Depth of Field Confusion • The smaller the number the larger the aperture. • In the days of film these aperture settings were known as F Stops. • Example, F 2.8 in a point and shoot is a large aperture. • Photographers still use the expression F stop.
Depth of Field Confusion • An F Stop of 16 is a very small aperture. • Look at your camera and you should see the scope of the F Stops available to you. • Remember, if you want everything in focus you want to use the smallest aperture setting.
Depth of Field Clarified • Now you know what those numbers are. • Now you know they can be used to enhance creativity. • Your camera will allow you to use that creativity in a number of ways. • It all depends on your camera’s manufacturer and the model.
Depth of Field Icons • The landscape icon is usually indicated by mountains. • This is the maximum depth of field • Works with a wide angle setting or a wide angle lens. • Works with a telephoto lens. • Your flash should be turned off.
Depth of Field Icons • The portrait icon controls your depth of field. • There is a minimum depth of field to prevent a distracting background. • A longer lens is preferred. In a digital camera 75 mm or longer is great!
Aperture and Depth of Field • Portrait mode large aperture • Landscape mode small aperture • What happens when you use a small aperture? • Less light enters the camera. • The shutter speed has to slow down or the ISO increased.
Shutter Speed Icons • Sports is a good example of a fast shutter speed. • The desire is to freeze the action. That is why they show a man running. • Because the shutter is working fast the aperture may open wider. • You lose some depth of field because of the wider aperture.
Shutter Speed Icon • When you use the night time mode the shutter speed works in conjunction with your flash. • Your aperture will be open thus cutting down on your depth of field. • Consider resting your camera on a railing or against a building to capture a scene without the flash turned on.
Close Up or Macro Mode • If you enjoy getting intimate with flowers this is the mode for you. • If you like insects this is the mode for you. • The depth of field is shallow. • If you have an SLR consider buying a macro lens.
Other Settings • The auto mode sets your shutter speed and aperture for you. Sometimes you will see AE indicating this mode. My camera has the letter P to indicate the auto mode. • This works over 90% of the time. • As stated previously, all the different controls are there for you to get creative. • If you are not worried about creativity stay in the auto mode and you might be able to use your computer to create different effects.
Other Settings • A indicates aperture priority. • This means you adjust the F Stop and the camera will adjust the shutter speed. • S indicates shutter priority. • This means you adjust the Shutter Speed and the camera will adjust the aperture.
Other Settings • M indicates manual mode. • You have to set the shutter. • You have to set the aperture. • You have to worry about everything. • Don’t do it unless you have more knowledge.
More Settings • Backlight setting can be indicated by bright sand or snow. • Your subject will come out dark because the aperture shuts down due to excessive light. • When you turn on the backlight setting your subject is no longer dark.
DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY • Digital Photography has changed the way people record their lives. • You have the power to change the images that you create. • You can correct your mistakes. If you don’t know how, and want to learn, take Don Yenche’s class on the 4th Friday of each month. You can also ask me.
Sharing Our Pictures • You can bring in prints. • You can bring in a jump drive. • You can bring in a CD or DVD. • You can bring in a slide show. • Does this interest you? • I brought some prints and a slide show.
Photo Shoots • Who is interested in going on a field trip for a photo shoot? • Suggestions for an interesting location would be appreciated. • Somebody suggested photographs around Palmia • We can do this in addition to our SIGs.
THANK YOU FOR ATTENDING! • The next class is Friday July 17. • Starting time is 3 PM • If you have any questions regarding your camera or photography, let’s talk!