Yellow Journalism and the Spanish America War In 1898, newspapers provided the major source of news in America. At this time, it was common practice for a newspaper to report the editor's interpretation of the news rather than objective journalism.
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In 1898, newspapers provided the major source of news in America. At this time, it was common practice for a newspaper to report the editor's interpretation of the news rather than objective journalism.
If the information reported was inaccurate or biased, the American public had little means for verification.
With this sort of influence, the newspapers wielded much political power. In order to increase circulation, the publishers of these papers often exploited their position by sponsoring a flamboyant and irresponsible approach to news reporting that became known as "yellow journalism.“ The name came from a carton character, called the “Yellow Kid.”
The press played a tremendous part in leading the charge toward America's involvement in Cuba and the Spanish American War.
Two publishers, William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer, stood out among the yellow journalists. They perceived the conflict with Spain as their chance to increase circulation of their newspapers.
Seizing upon the opportunity to capitalize on the growing spirit of American patriotism, Hearst and Pulitzer printed sensational anti-Spanish stories. Graphic illustrations commissioned from some of the country's most-talented artists and stories written by premiere authors and journalists of the day were fodder for fueling the flames of war.
Together, Hearst and Pulitzer created a frenzy among the American people by reporting the alleged brutality of the Spanish toward the Cuban rebels. (However, acts of outrage committed by the Cubans were seldom mentioned.)
By the time the USS Maine exploded in Havana Harbor, the pro-war press had roused national sentiment to the point that President McKinley feared his political party would suffer if he did not engage in war with Spain.
Hearst took special interest in the war, going so far as to personally edit all of the related stories. Likewise, Pulitzer ordered his journalists to stretch and distort the news. He chose to run stories which elaborated the most sordid, and violent details. Hearst and Pulitzer both dispatched journalists to cover the Cuban rebellion and the ensuing war.