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WILDLIFE VALUE Does wildlife have value? If all people agreed that wildlife has no value, there would never be another wildlife issue. VALUE DEFINED A VALUE IN THE MIND OF A PERSON IS AN ATTITUDE WHICH RESULTS IN THE VALUE OF A THING. WILDLIFE VALUE

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Presentation Transcript
wildlife value
WILDLIFE VALUE

Does wildlife have value?

If all people agreed that wildlife

has no value, there would never be

another wildlife issue.

value defined
VALUE DEFINED

A VALUE IN THE MIND OF A PERSON IS AN ATTITUDE WHICH RESULTS IN THE VALUE OF A THING.

wildlife value3
WILDLIFE VALUE

Difficult to evaluate a non-market resource by use of indirect means.

Why determine value?

wildlife value4
WILDLIFE VALUE

Recreational

Aesthetic

Educational

Biological

Commercial

Historical

attitudes
ATTITUDES

How do people feel about (value) fish and wildlife?

attitude
ATTITUDE

Individual feelings and beliefs which may be positive, negative, or non-emotional.

attitudes7
ATTITUDES

Ten categories of feelings and beliefs towards animals.

Stephen R. Kellert

naturalistic
NATURALISTIC

Strong interest/affection for wildlife.

naturalistic9
NATURALISTIC

Strong interest/affection for wildlife.

Observation and personal involvement.

naturalistic10
NATURALISTIC

Strong interest/affection for wildlife.

Observation and personal involvement.

The opportunity to see wildlife provides the challenge for seeking the wilderness experience.

ecologistic
ECOLOGISTIC

Focus on wildlife, no personal involvement.

ecologistic12
ECOLOGISTIC

Focus on wildlife, no personal involvement.

Conceptual understanding of species interactions.

ecologistic13
ECOLOGISTIC

Focus on wildlife, no personal involvement.

Conceptual understanding of species interactions.

Focus on diversity of species (not individual).

humanistic
HUMANISTIC

Strong attachment for individual animals (pets).

humanistic15
HUMANISTIC

Strong attachment for individual animals (pets).

Animal is subhuman.

humanistic16
HUMANISTIC

Strong attachment for individual animals (pets).

Animal is subhuman.

Affection and companionship.

moralistic
MORALISTIC

Ethical treatment of animals.

moralistic18
MORALISTIC

Ethical treatment of animals.

Strong opposition to inflicting pain, harm, or suffering of animals.

moralistic19
MORALISTIC

Ethical treatment of animals.

Strong opposition to inflicting pain, harm, or suffering of animals.

Animals have rights, most basic is to exist.

scientistic
SCIENTISTIC

Biological and physical characteristics.

scientific
SCIENTIFIC

Biological and physical characteristics.

Emotional detachment.

scientific22
SCIENTIFIC

Biological and physical characteristics.

Emotional detachment.

Reductionist attitude “only look at the parts”.

aesthetic
AESTHETIC

Attractiveness or symbolic significance.

aesthetic24
AESTHETIC

Attractiveness or symbolic significance.

Aesthetic merit and beauty.

aesthetic25
AESTHETIC

Attractiveness or symbolic significance.

Aesthetic merit and beauty.

Have certain meaning.

utilitarian
UTILITARIAN

Practical and material value of animals.

utilitarian27
UTILITARIAN

Practical and material value of animals.

Usefulness to people.

utilitarian28
UTILITARIAN

Practical and material value of animals.

Usefulness to people.

Emotions are subordinate to practical concerns.

dominionistic
DOMINIONISTIC

Must be in control of animals.

dominionistic30
DOMINIONISTIC

Must be in control of animals.

Competition, skill, strength.

dominionistic31
DOMINIONISTIC

Must be in control of animals.

Competition, skill, strength.

Render wilderness submissive or tame.

negativistic
NEGATIVISTIC

Dislike or fear of animals.

neutralistic
NEUTRALISTIC

Passive; indifferent.

neutralistic34
NEUTRALISTIC

Passive; indifferent.

Emotional separation from animals.