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Research Paper. Thesis Statement Bibliography Cards Note Cards Working Outline Final Outline First Draft Revising Works Cited. Thesis Statement. Your thesis statement might change throughout the process of research. Narrow your topic Make a statement that you are going to try to prove

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Research paper
Research Paper

  • Thesis Statement

  • Bibliography Cards

  • Note Cards

  • Working Outline

  • Final Outline

  • First Draft

  • Revising

  • Works Cited

Research paper

Thesis Statement

  • Your thesis statement might change throughout the process of research.

  • Narrow your topic

  • Make a statement that you are going to try to prove

  • This will be your guiding focus throughout your entire paper.

  • Everything will link back to your thesis.

Research paper

Thesis Statement

  • Follow this process for developing your thesis statement

  • Select a general subject

  • Narrow your subject

  • Select a working thesis

  • Put your thesis into a question

  • Compose a final thesis statement

Thesis statement
Thesis Statement

  • Endangered Species

  • Programs to protect the gray wolf in the U.S.

  • How effective are the programs to reintroduce wolves

  • The programs to reintroduce the gray wolf into the lower 48 states are not achieving all the desired results.

Thesis checklist
Thesis Checklist

  • Focused on a single subject

  • Clear and direct

  • Conveys your point of view

  • Access to enough information

  • Directs you to write a paper that meets all requirements

Research paper

Bibliography Cards

  • You will need 8 sources.

  • You may only use up to 3 of each type of source.

  • You will only need to use 5 sources in your paper – good researchers always research more than they need

  • Each source card should be put in MLA format to make your transition to your paper and bibliography as smooth as possible.

Research paper

Sample Bib Card


Linkens, Rebecca. “In Defense of Mother Goose.” PTA Magazine June 1973: 21-23

Use Citation Makerto help with MLA Format

Note cards

Write down important details and quotations along with the page number

Keep all notes on same size of note card

Write quotations word-for-word - you should use your own words for everything else.

Use ellipse(…) when you leave parts of a quote out

Look up unfamiliar words

Use a different note card for each idea.

Give each card a descriptive heading

Note Cards

Note cards1
Note Cards

  • Summarize – reduce what you have read into a few important points using your own words

  • Paraphrase – restate what you have read using your own words put quotes around words or phrases that aren’t yours.

  • Quote – word for word restatement

Sample note card
Sample Note Card

Shakespeare’s Life 2

- Born in Stratford on Avon

  • Born April 23, 1564

  • Parents are John and Mary Arden Shakespeare PG 24

Working outline
Working Outline

  • Organize your note cards into the most logical order and use that to create your working outline

  • Once this is done you will see where you need to continue your research.

  • Revise Revise Revise

First draft
First Draft

  • Write the Introduction

  • Write the Body

  • Write the Conclusion

  • Follow the guidelines on your requirements page.

  • Follow your working outline, but it is okay to change the order of things. Make a note of changes on your outline.


  • Make sure that you cite all information. Even if it is in your own words, it is still not your idea.

  • Citation need to be present after every quotation. They also need to be presents after every piece of information that you took from a source. You may have several citations within a paragraph or just one at the end of the paragraph.

  • There is no need to repeatedly cite information that comes from the same source. Wait until you have written all of the information and then cite at the end of the paragraph.

  • See Examples


  • MLA Format for citations is as follows:

  • Place the last name of the author and the page number in parenthesis, after any quotation marks. Punctuate after the citation.

  • If there is not an author, you may use an abbreviated version of the title.


  • Quote” (Smith 23).

  • Information that is in your own words but not your idea (Jones 27).

  • Information that came from a source without an author (Title 55).

Revising your paper

When revising check for the following items:

4-6 pages long..

Name and numbers on the top right hand corner of paper.

MLA format heading on first page


Audience hook – First sentence or two makes you want to read on.

Background Information – 1st page only.

Thesis – The thesis statement should be at the end of the introduction.


Third person only – no words like: I, me, my, ours, we, etc.

No dead words – no words like: bad, good, nice, got, very, things, stuff, fun, cool, etc.

5 word for word quotations

All information is cited


The thesis statement should be restated. There should not be any new information. Circle any new information.

Revising your paper

Final outline
Final Outline

  • This will be one of your last responsibilities

  • Your final outline should match your paper exactly

  • Rewrite your working outline reflecting any changes that you made while writing your paper.

Works cited
Works Cited

  • Works Cited page should have your name and page number in the right hand corner.

  • Double Spaced

  • Follow MLA format

  • Alphabetize your entries by the author’s last name or the title when there is no author.