reported speech n.
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REPORTED SPEECH. Inmaculada Gómez Segundo Bachillerato. Reported Speech:Outline. GENERAL FEATURES FORMAL FEATURES STATEMENTS QUESTIONS ORDERS REQUESTS SUGGESTIONS. GENERAL FEATURES. A way to reproduce information said or expressed by the speaker

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reported speech

REPORTED SPEECH

Inmaculada Gómez

Segundo Bachillerato

reported speech outline
Reported Speech:Outline
  • GENERAL FEATURES
  • FORMAL FEATURES
    • STATEMENTS
    • QUESTIONS
    • ORDERS
    • REQUESTS
    • SUGGESTIONS
general features
GENERAL FEATURES
  • A way to reproduce information said or expressed by the speaker
    • D.S:Mary said to Peter: “ Lucy works very hard”
    • R.S: Mary said to Peter that Lucy worked very hard
    • Spot the differences
formal features
FORMAL FEATURES
  • Reporting verb………..past
  • No inverted commas
  • Change in pronouns
  • Change in tenses
  • Adverbs, articles
statements
STATEMENTS
  • REPORTING VERB
  • SAY , TELL, CLAIM, STATE…..
  • SAY vs TELL
  • “Everything is ok” Peter said.
  • Different options
    • Peter said that everything was OK
    • Peter told me everything was Ok
    • Peter said to me that everything was ok
statements1
STATEMENTS
  • CHANGE IN PRONOUNS
  • CHANGE IN ADVERBS, POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES
  • CHANGE IN TENSES
    • Past perfect
    • Should, could, would, might, ought to…
questions
QUESTIONS
  • YES/NO QUESTIONS
    • Subject+ Reporting verb( asked, wondered,wanted to know)+if/whether+question in statement order
      • Ex: Mary asked: “Do you like my new hairstyle?”
      • Mary asked if I liked her new hairstyle
questions1
QUESTIONS
  • WH-QUESTIONS
  • Subject+Reporting Verb+Wh pronoun+question in statement order
    • Ex: Mary asked: “What do newyorkers wear for brunch”
    • Mary wanted to know what newyorkers wore for brunch
reported orders and requests
REPORTED ORDERS AND REQUESTS
  • DIRECT SPEECH
    • ORDERS
    • “DO YOUR HOMEWORK”
    • “LOOK UP”
    • “DON´T SIT DOWN”
    • REQUESTS
    • “CAN YOU OPEN THE DOOR, PLEASE?
    • “COULD YOU WAIT A LITTLE LONGER?
reported orders and requests1
REPORTED ORDERS AND REQUESTS
  • REPORTED SPEECH
  • ORDERS
    • SUBJECT+REPORTING VERB (TELL, ASK, ORDER, COMMAND)+OBJECT+(NOT) TO+INFINITIVE
    • Ex: My mum told me to do my homework
    • Ex: her boyfriend asked her to look up
    • Ex: The cop ordered him not to sit down
reported orders and requests2
REPORTED ORDERS AND REQUESTS
  • REPORTED REQUESTS
    • SUBJECT+REPORTING VERB ( ASK)+OBJECT+(NOT) TO+INFINITIVE
    • Ex: She asked me to open the door
    • Ex: She asked me to wait a little longer
reported suggestions
REPORTED SUGGESTIONS
  • FIRST STEP
    • IDENTIFY SUGGESTIONS
      • Shall we go to the cinema?
      • Let´s go to the cinema
      • Why don´t we go to the cinema?
      • What about going to the cinema?
reported suggestions1
REPORTED SUGGESTIONS
  • SUGGEST as reporting verb
    • Lucy suggested
      • Going to the cinema
      • That we should go the cinema
      • That we go to the cinema
reporting verbs
REPORTING VERBS
  • FOUR DIFFERENT STRUCTURES
  • SAME VERB CAN SHARE DIFFERENT STRUCTURES
    • VERB +THAT CLAUSE( STATEMENTS)
    • VERB+OBJECT+(NOT) + TO INFINITIVE
    • VERB + TO INFINITIVE
    • VERB+-ING ( PREPOSITION)
verb that clause statements
VERB +THAT CLAUSE( STATEMENTS)
  • ADMIT INSIST REPLY ADD DECLARE
  • PROMISE SAY EXPLAIN SUGGET
  • RECOMMEND
  • EX: he promised she would come earlier
verb object not to infinitive
VERB+OBJECT+(NOT) + TO INFINITIVE
  • Typical in orders and requests
    • ASK ADVISE INVITE REMIND ENCOURAGE ORDER TELL PERSUADE WARN
    • Ex: “You should tell her the truth”, she said
    • Ex: She advised me to tell her the truth
verb to infinitive
VERB + TO INFINITIVE
  • AGREE OFFER PROMISE REFUSE
  • “Yes, I will close the window”
  • She agreed to close the window
verb ing preposition
VERB+-ING ( PREPOSITION)
  • SUGGESTIONS
  • AFTER CERTAIN PREPOSITIONS
    • She suggested going to the cinema
    • She apologised for being so rude
    • Lucy thanked me for doing her homework
    • She recommended staying in bed