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Race, Politics, and the Law

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  1. Race, Politics, and the Law Statistics Race, Politics, and the Law

  2. Imprisonment Sixty-four percent of prison inmates belonged to racial or ethnic minorities in 2001 Race, Politics, and the Law

  3. Lifetime Chances of Imprisonment Race, Politics, and the Law

  4. Crime Victimization—Black/White • Per every 1,000 persons in that racial group, 28 blacks, 23 whites and 15 persons of others races sustained a violent crime. • Rates of simple assault, rape, and sexual assault were similar across racial lines. • Per 1,000 households in each category, 174 black and 158 white households were victims of a property crime overall; 41 black and 26 white households were burglarized. Race, Politics, and the Law

  5. Crime Victimization—Hispanic • Violence against Hispanics age 12 or older most often took the form of simple assault (58%). • Hispanic persons age 12 or older experienced 12% of all violent crime and made up 12% of the population. • Hispanics were victims of overall violence at about the same rate than non-Hispanics. There were no differences between Hispanics and non-Hispanics for other violent crimes. • Hispanic households were over twice as likely to have a motor vehicle stolen than non-Hispanic households. Race, Politics, and the Law

  6. Crime Victimization, Continued • Between 1993-98, American Indians experienced violence at rates more than twice that of blacks, 2 1/2 times that of whites, and 4 1/2 times that of Asian Americans. Race, Politics, and the Law

  7. Hate Crimes 9,726 hate crime incidents were reported to law enforcement in 2001 Race, Politics, and the Law

  8. Hate Crimes, Continued Race, Politics, and the Law

  9. Anti-Semitic Hate Crimes • The number of anti-Semitic incidents reported to the Anti- Defamation League in 2001 was 1,432. Race, Politics, and the Law

  10. Death Row Inmates Race, Politics, and the Law

  11. People Executed Race, Politics, and the Law

  12. The Victims of those Executed Persons Executed for Interracial MurdersWhite Defendant / Black Victim (12) Black Defendant / White Victim (189) Race, Politics, and the Law

  13. Voting Rates, Congressional Race, Politics, and the Law

  14. Voting Rate, 2000 Presidential Race, Politics, and the Law

  15. Black Statewide Elected Officials (2001) • The District of Columbia has a black population that is 56.2% of the total, while 58.6% of elected officials are black • Other states with significant percents of black elected officials are Alabama (16.7), Louisiana (13.9), Mississippi (18.9), and South Carolina (13.7) (all below the percent in the population) • Blacks are 7.9% of state senators/reps Race, Politics, and the Law

  16. Elected Officials, Continued (2001) • There are 451 Black mayors • There are 22 Black statewide court judges • Currently, there are 39 black congress people (majority-minority districts?) • There are 25 Latino/a members of the House currently • There is 1 Latino governor (New Mexico) Race, Politics, and the Law

  17. Asian/Pacific American Elected Officials • In 2000, 73 Asian Americans served in state legislatures, mostly in Hawaii [also in Washington (3), California (3), Arizona (1), Minnesota (1), and New Hampshire (1)] • Five representatives and (Hawaii’s) two senators of Asian descent served in the previous 107th Congress Race, Politics, and the Law

  18. Employment Discrimination • In 2003, approximately 30,000 charges filed with the EEOC based on race, while 8,500 were based on national origin Race, Politics, and the Law

  19. Racial Profiling: New York • Between January 1998 through March 1999, 84 percent of the almost 175,000 people “stopped and frisked” by the NYPD were black or Hispanic, despite the fact that these two groups comprised less than half of the City’s population. • Stops of minorities were less likely to lead to arrests than stops of white New Yorkers – the police arrested one white New Yorker for every 8 stops, one Hispanic New Yorker for every 9 stops, and one black New Yorker for every 9.5 stops. Race, Politics, and the Law

  20. Racial Profiling: U.S. Customs • 2000: U.S. Customs Service found that black, Asian and Hispanic female U.S. Citizens were 4-9 times more likely than white female U.S. citizens to be subjected to X-rays after being frisked or patted down. • While black female U.S. citizens were nine times more likely than white female U.S. citizens to be subjected to x-ray searches by the Customs Service, these black women were less than half as likely to be found carrying contraband as white females. Race, Politics, and the Law

  21. Arabs • The number of reported anti-Islamic crimes increased from 28 in 2000 to 481 in 2001 • The number of plaintiffs with Arab or Muslim names charged in the heavily-Arab city of Dearborn, Michigan, has jumped 9.3 percent in the two years since the attacks on the United States • At the same time, charges against people without Arab or Muslim names dropped 6.7 percent, according to an analysis of 100,000 district court records by the daily Race, Politics, and the Law

  22. Welfare Race, Politics, and the Law