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Nutrition Diet The food and drink that we regularly choose to consume. Nutrition Eating foods that your body needs to grow, develop, and/or work properly. Nutrients The substances in foods that your body needs to grow. The 6 Major Nutrients: Carbohydrates Fats Protein Vitamins
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Diet • The food and drink that we regularly choose to consume.
Nutrition • Eating foods that your body needs to grow, develop, and/or work properly.
Nutrients • The substances in foods that your body needs to grow.
The 6 Major Nutrients: • Carbohydrates • Fats • Protein • Vitamins • Minerals • Water
Carbohydrates • The starches and sugars that provide the body with most of its energy. • There are 2 types: Simple and Complex • Simple Carbs: in fruit, sugar, and milk • Complex: in starchy foods and veggies • Purpose?- They provide fiber and help with digestion • 55% of our calories should come from carbs
Fats • Are a source of energy and are essential for vital body functions • Purpose?- they insulate the body, cushion body organs, promote healthy skin and normal growth. • Found in butter/margarine, whole milk, egg yolks, cheese, and salad dressings • Saturated Fats vs. Unsaturated Fats • Solid vs liquid
Protein • Build, maintain, and repair body cells and tissues (mainly muscles) • Found in- meat, fish, eggs, nuts, cheese, and dry beans • Made up of amino acids (the building blocks of proteins) • Complete Proteins vs. Incomplete Proteins -have all amino acids vs. lack at least 1 essential amino acid
Vitamins • Substances needed in small quantities that help regulate body functions. • 2 groups: Water Soluble vs. Fat Soluble • Water Soluble can’t be stored in the body- need to be eaten daily • Fat Soluble can be stored in the body until needed • Found in: veggies, fruits, whole grain breads, and fortified milk
Minerals • Elements needed in small quantities for sturdy bones and teeth, healthy blood, and regulation of daily elimination • Found in: whole grains, fruits, peas, spinach, raisins, and milk
Water • The most common nutrient • Makes up about 60% of the body • Functions?- carries nutrients through the body (Water Slide), helps digestion, removes waste from the body, lubricates joints, keeps the body from overheating
Goal? • Eating a balanced diet • (the appropriate amount of each nutrient on a daily basis)
RDA • RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowances) -guidelines for the amounts of vitamins, minerals, protein, etc. you should get from the food you eat. • DAILY VALUE: daily % of what you should have each day % of Daily Values for nutrients listed on food labels (nutrition labels). http://www.dietfacts.com/fastfood.asp
Taco Bell: Beef Soft Taco
POP TART ACTIVITY • Serving Size (don’t be tricked) • Daily Values (fat, cholesterol, etc.) • Fiber, Sugar, etc.