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Nutrition Diet The food and drink that we regularly choose to consume. Nutrition Eating foods that your body needs to grow, develop, and/or work properly. Nutrients The substances in foods that your body needs to grow. The 6 Major Nutrients: Carbohydrates Fats Protein Vitamins

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
Diet
  • The food and drink that we regularly choose to consume.
nutrition3
Nutrition
  • Eating foods that your body needs to grow, develop, and/or work properly.
nutrients
Nutrients
  • The substances in foods that your body needs to grow.
the 6 major nutrients
The 6 Major Nutrients:
  • Carbohydrates
  • Fats
  • Protein
  • Vitamins
  • Minerals
  • Water
carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
  • The starches and sugars that provide the body with most of its energy.
  • There are 2 types: Simple and Complex
  • Simple Carbs: in fruit, sugar, and milk
  • Complex: in starchy foods and veggies
  • Purpose?- They provide fiber and help with digestion
  • 55% of our calories should come from carbs
slide7
Fats
  • Are a source of energy and are essential for vital body functions
  • Purpose?- they insulate the body, cushion body organs, promote healthy skin and normal growth.
  • Found in butter/margarine, whole milk, egg yolks, cheese, and salad dressings
  • Saturated Fats vs. Unsaturated Fats
    • Solid vs liquid
protein
Protein
  • Build, maintain, and repair body cells and tissues (mainly muscles)
  • Found in- meat, fish, eggs, nuts, cheese, and dry beans
  • Made up of amino acids (the building blocks of proteins)
  • Complete Proteins vs. Incomplete Proteins -have all amino acids vs. lack at least 1 essential amino acid
vitamins
Vitamins
  • Substances needed in small quantities that help regulate body functions.
  • 2 groups: Water Soluble vs. Fat Soluble
  • Water Soluble can’t be stored in the body- need to be eaten daily
  • Fat Soluble can be stored in the body until needed
  • Found in: veggies, fruits, whole grain breads, and fortified milk
minerals
Minerals
  • Elements needed in small quantities for sturdy bones and teeth, healthy blood, and regulation of daily elimination
  • Found in: whole grains, fruits, peas, spinach, raisins, and milk
water
Water
  • The most common nutrient
  • Makes up about 60% of the body
  • Functions?- carries nutrients through the body (Water Slide), helps digestion, removes waste from the body, lubricates joints, keeps the body from overheating
slide12
Goal?
  • Eating a balanced diet
  • (the appropriate amount of each nutrient on a daily basis)
slide13
RDA
  • RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowances)

-guidelines for the amounts of vitamins, minerals, protein, etc. you should get from the food you eat.

  • DAILY VALUE: daily % of what you should have each day

% of Daily Values for nutrients listed on food labels (nutrition labels).

http://www.dietfacts.com/fastfood.asp

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Taco Bell:

Beef Soft Taco

pop tart activity
POP TART ACTIVITY
  • Serving Size (don’t be tricked)
  • Daily Values (fat, cholesterol, etc.)
  • Fiber, Sugar, etc.
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