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MUSIC OF INDONESIA COURSE STRUCTURE INTRODUCTION January 18 Introduction January 20 Indonesia – An overview January 25 Java, Bali, Sumatra MUSIC OF INDONESIA COURSE STRUCTURE JAVA January 27 Gamelan – An introduction February 1 Musical instruments

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music of indonesia
MUSIC OF INDONESIA
  • COURSE STRUCTURE
  • INTRODUCTION
  • January 18 Introduction
  • January 20 Indonesia – An overview
  • January 25 Java, Bali, Sumatra
music of indonesia2
MUSIC OF INDONESIA
  • COURSE STRUCTURE
  • JAVA
  • January 27 Gamelan – An introduction
  • February 1 Musical instruments
  • February 3 Gamelan – Basic principles
  • February 8 Repertoires and formal structures
  • February 10 Gamelan aesthetics
  • February 15 Music, dance, theater
  • February 17 Wayang purwa
  • February 22 Gamelan in practice
  • February 24 mock exam
  • March 1 exam
music of indonesia3
MUSIC OF INDONESIA
  • COURSE STRUCTURE
  • BALI
  • March 3 Video: “The three worlds of Bali”
  • March 8 Basic principles
  • March 10 Wayang
  • March 11 Wayang Bali. Performance by Larry Reed
  • March 22 Gong kebyar
  • March 24 Topeng and Legong
  • March 29 Video: “Bali beyond the postcard”
  • March 31 exam
  • e
music of indonesia4
MUSIC OF INDONESIA
  • COURSE STRUCTURE
  • SUMATRA
  • April 5 Minangkbau culture
  • April 7 Talempong
  • April 12 Saluang jo dendang
  • April 14 Randai
  • April 19 Islamic music
  • April 21 Batak Toba culture and music
  • April 26 no class
  • April 28 Melayu culture and music
  • May 3 Mock exam
  • May 5 Discussion of exam
  • May 13 Final exam
sumatra 18 minangkabau culture6
SUMATRA18. Minangkabau culture
  • Key aspects:
  • Adat (tradition) and Islam
  • Matrilinearity/matrifocality
  • Islam and modernity
sumatra 18 minangkabau culture7
SUMATRA18. Minangkabau culture

Key elements of adat

  • Nagari (village)
  • Suku (Clan)

Key elements of Islam

  • Universalism
  • Individual

Rumah gendang

sumatra 18 minangkabau culture8
SUMATRA18. Minangkabau culture
  • Adat (tradition) and Islam
  • The image on the top right is of a mosque near Padangpanjang; the one below of the mosque in Koto Baru. What does the architectural style of these two mosques suggest about the place of Islam in Minang?
sumatra 18 minangkabau culture9
SUMATRA18. Minangkabau culture
  • Matrilinearity/matrifocality
sumatra 18 minangkabau culture10
SUMATRA18. Minangkabau culture
  • Islam and modernity
  • Western-style education
  • Rantau (migration)
sumatra 18 minangkabau culture11
SUMATRA18. Minangkabau culture
  • What is the relationship between Islam and adat? Has it always been the same? What are the social forces that have shaped this relationship over time?
  • Does the strong matrifocal character of Minangkabau society mean that women are “in charge?”
  • How do Islam and modernity relate to each other?
assignment for next class
Assignment for Next Class
  •  Hanefi: Traditional Minangkabau Music
  •  “Sumatra”
sumatra 19 minangkabau music talempong
SUMATRA19. Minangkabau music: talempong
  • Hanefi: “Traditional Minangkabau Music”
  • Music and adat
  • Orality (kaba)
  • Morality (“how a young man or woman should behave”)
  • Locality (nagari)
  • Islam (?)
  • Musical instruments
  • Regions
  • Heartland (darek)
  • Coast (pasisir)
sumatra 19 minangkabau music talempong14
SUMATRA19. Minangkabau music: talempong
  • Talempong duduak
  • Talempong pacik
sumatra 19 minangkabau music talempong15
SUMATRA19. Minangkabau music: talempong
  • Talempong duduak
  • 29. “Talempoang Payakumbuah”
sumatra 19 minangkabau music talempong17
SUMATRA19. Minangkabau music: talempong
  • Instruments
  • Talempong
  • Gandang
  • Pupuik batang padi (or pupuik tanduak)
  • (Agueng)
sumatra 19 minangkabau music talempong18
SUMATRA19. Minangkabau music: talempong
  • Structure
  • Labuan
  • O O O
  • O O O
  • anak induek paningkah
sumatra 19 minangkabau music talempong19
SUMATRA19. Minangkabau music: talempong
  • Local variations
  • Nagari Pariangan (Kbp. Tanah Datar)

After B.Arifin Adam: Talempong. Musik tradisi Minangkabau

sumatra 19 minangkabau music talempong20
SUMATRA19. Minangkabau music: talempong
  • Local variations
  • Nagari Padang Magek (Kbp. Tanah Datar)

After B.Arifin Adam: Talempong. Musik tradisi Minangkabau

sumatra 19 minangkabau music talempong21
SUMATRA19. Minangkabau music: talempong
  • Interlocking
  • Bakacimang (“harmony, agreement”)
  • “Uneconomic”
sumatra 19 minangkabau music talempong22
SUMATRA19. Minangkabau music: talempong
  • Adat
  • Talempong is played for adat ceremonies (e.g. at inauguration of village elder)
  • Women
  • Talempong was traditionally played by women
  • Rice
  • Talempong is said to imitate the sound of rice-pounding
sumatra 19 minangkabau music talempong24
SUMATRA19. Minangkabau music: talempong
  • What does the photograph on the previous slide suggest?
  • How is the notion of nagari expressed in talempong music?
  • What view does Islam take of talempong music?
sumatra 20 saluang jo dendang
SUMATRA20. Saluang jo dendang
  • Saluang (flute)
  • Dendang (Song)
sumatra 20 saluang jo dendang26
SUMATRA20. Saluang jo dendang
  • Saluang (end-blown/rim-blown oblique flute)
  • Pentatonic (four holes)
  • Circular breathing
  • Vibrato
  • Embouchure
  • 30. Abdul-Rahman Canduang Basamarajo (top left):
  • “Indang Toboh” (The Drum at Toboh)
sumatra 20 saluang jo dendang27
SUMATRA20. Saluang jo dendang
  • Song types
  • Ratok (Lament)
  • Gembirah (Happy)
  • Setengah gembira (Semi-happy)
  • porno (Bawdy)
  • Lagu asal (Song of place/origin)
sumatra 20 saluang jo dendang28
SUMATRA20. Saluang jo dendang
  • Bagurau (amusement)
  • Competition
  • Individualism/nagari

Suborang Botuang

sumatra 20 saluang jo dendang29
SUMATRA20. Saluang jo dendang
  • Pantun
  • Stanza of two segments consisting of equal numbers of lines (e.g. 2 + 2)
  • 8 or 9 syllables per line
  • End-rhyme in corresponding lines
  • First segment alludes to nagari
  • Second segment about human experience or life of singer
  • Tinggi nagari Koto Tuo
  • Di mudiak kampuang rang Pambatan
  • Nan lah acok hati taibo
  • Tagak dek iman bataguahkan
sumatra 20 saluang jo dendang30
SUMATRA20. Saluang jo dendang
  • Pantun
  • “Ratok Koto Tuo”

Tinggi nagari Koto Tuo

Koto Tuo is up in the hills

Di mudiak kampuang rang Pambatan

Higher up than Pambatan

Nan lah acok hati taibo

Often my heart is sad

Tagak dek iman bataguahkan

But my faith is strenghtened

sumatra 20 saluang jo dendang31
SUMATRA20. Saluang jo dendang
  • Pantun
  • 31. “Ratok Koto Tuo”

Kok indak diujak ribuik

It takes a typhoon

Alun pandan den kabadarak

To destroy a pandanus tree

Nan kok indak dek bansaik induik

It takes poverty

Alun badan den kamarasai

To make life so miserable

sumatra 20 saluang jo dendang32
SUMATRA20. Saluang jo dendang
  • Pantun (sound or meaning?)
  • “The relation in meaning between the two halves is often obscure, and in many cases it seems that the connection is less one of sense than of sound, with the first half foreshadowing the second in rhyme.”
  • (Hanefi and Philip Yampolsky: Night Music of West Sumatra)

Kok indak diujak ribuik

It takes a typhoon

Alun pandan den kabadarak

To destroy a pandanus tree

Nan kok indak dek bansaik induik

It takes poverty

Alun badan den kamarasai

To make life so miserable

sumatra 20 saluang jo dendang33
SUMATRA20. Saluang jo dendang
  • How important is meaning in pantun?
  • What role do alliteration and rhyme play in the lyrics of saluang jo dendang songs?
  • How is saluang jo dendang interconnected with the idea of nagari?