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MCNEIL. PRODUCTIONS. Chapter 1 “The Peopling of the World” (Prehistory - 2500 BC). Section 1 “Human Origins in Africa”. Prehistory refers to the period of time before the invention of writing. Kinds of Evidence

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MCNEIL

PRODUCTIONS

chapter 1 the peopling of the world prehistory 2500 bc

Chapter 1 “The Peopling of the World”(Prehistory - 2500 BC)

Section 1 “Human Origins in Africa”

how do we know
Prehistory refers to the period of time before the invention of writing

Kinds of Evidence

Archaeology - study of early peoples through the examination of physical remains

Artifacts – human-made objects

Paleontologists study fossils

Culture – unique way of life

How Do We Know?
the search for human origins
The Search for Human Origins
  • Mary Leakey found footprints in East Africa (Tanzania)
  • Hominids – creatures that walk upright
  • Donald Johanson found a complete skeleton (“Lucy”) in Ethiopia
old stone age
Old Stone Age (Paleolithic Age) - the time from the first tool makers to about 8,000 BC

stone tools, fire, & language

Technology– ways of applying knowledge, tools, and inventions to meet needs

Homo Sapiens – species name for modern humans

Old Stone Age
nomads
Nomads - move from place to place in search of food

Hunter-gatherers

Survived an Ice Age

Cave paintings

Nomads
new stone age
New Stone Age
  • New Stone Age (Neolithic Age)
  • About 8,000 BC, people learned to farm
    • Steady food source
  • Slash-&-Burn farming
  • Domestication of animals
  • population growth
  • permanent villages
    • River Valleys
ch 1 section 3 civilization
Civilization – complex culture

Cities (center of trade)

Specialized workers (artisans – skilled workers)

Institutions – long-lasting pattern of organization

Government – system of ruling

Record keeping

Scribes – professional record keepers

pictographs

Cuneiform – Sumerian writing

Advanced technology

Bronze Age – bronze tools & weapons

Transportation: Invention of wheel & sail

Ch. 1 Section 3“Civilization”