Law 3 The Number of Players
Objectives • state the number of players for a legal game • state when a substitution can occur • list the correct procedure for substitution • state the appropriate penalty for illegal substitution At the end of this lesson the student will be able to:
TOPICS • Number of players • Player(s) sent-off • Substitution procedures • Infractions
NUMBERS • Match shall be played by two teams • Maximum of 11 players per team • One shall be the goalkeeper • Minimum of 7 players to start or continue the match
WHAT TO DO • Must have at least7 playerstostart or continue* match • for minor injury, player may leave field • game continues with less than 7 • if player is unable to return, terminate match • Report to the league • when game cannot be started • when game cannot be completed * IFB Decision 1
FIFA MATCHES Teams shall supply the names of up to 7 possible substitutes, but may use only 3 of these 7. Substitutes not so named may not take part in the match.
OTHER MATCHES In other matches, substitutes may be used provided that: • the teams concerned reach an agreement on a maximum number • the referee is informed before the match • If the referee is not informed, or if no agreement is reached before the start of the match, no more than three (3) substitutes are allowed.
SUBSTITUTIONS Who? • 3 of 7 listed prior to game When? • At any stoppage of play Where? • Player may leave the field anywhere • Substitute enters at halfway line How? • With referee’s permission
SUBSTITUTIONS • Once player is substituted, that player may not re-enter the game. • Check league rules for re-entry modifications
SUBSTITUTION PROCEDURE • Substitute reports to assistant referee(or 4th official) • Assistant referee signals at next opportunity • Player may leave the field anywhere • Referee signals permission to enter • Substitute enters field at halfway line and becomes the new player
A PLAYER SENT-OFF • Before the game: • May be replaced by a substitute • After the game has started: • May not be replaced at all • Yes ! The team plays shorthanded • After the game has ended: • Include misconduct in game report • Don’t show cards
SUBSTITUTES All substitutes are subject to the authority and jurisdiction of the referee, whether called upon to play or not.
United States Youth Soccer Association • Unlimited number may re-enter as often as they wish Who ? When ? • Throw-in (by throwing team) • Goal kick • Injury stoppage • Half-time • After a goal • Player may leave the field anywhere • Substitute enters only at halfway line Where? How? • With referee’s permission
Infringement - Cautionboth old and new goalkeeper at next stoppage of play REPLACING THE GOALKEEPER With another player: • At any stoppage of play • Referee must be notified of a change of goalkeeper
REPLACING THE GOALKEEPER With a substitute: • Just like normal substitution • New goalkeeper in uniform and in position is “notification” (even at half-time)
LEAVING THE FIELD A player may leave the field • With the referee’s permission • Without using a substitute Why? • Medical attention • Equipment repair or replacement To re-enter the field • Must receive the referee’s permission • During play, if from touch line • At any stoppage of play
SHORT-HANDED TEAM • Late arriving player(s) may join their team: • With permission of the referee • During play, or • At any stoppage of play • Assistant Referee first checks pass, equipment and roster
Stop play • Caution substitute IMPROPER SUBSTITUTION • Substitute enters without permission • Remove substitute from field • Prior player re-enters • Restart with dropped ball
Stopplay • Caution extra “player” • Caution extra “player” TOO MANY PLAYERS When ball is in play: • Remove extra “player” • Restart with Indirect free kick When ball is out of play: • Remove extra “player” • Restart as you would have anyway
Caution extra “player” TOO MANY PLAYERS Goal scored by team with extra player • Remove extra “player” • Do not allow the goal • Restart with goal kick Do not allow this to happen Not sure? Count !!!
REVIEW • How many players is each team allowed? • 11 maximum • 7 minimum players • one of which is the goalkeeper • May a player who is sent-off be replaced? • No, not if the match has started • What is the substitution procedure? • When may a field player change places with goalkeeper? • At any stoppage • Referee must be notified
Caution extra “player” and remove • Caution extra “player” and remove • Disallow goal - restart with goal kick REVIEW (cont’) • Substitution without permission • Stop game • Restart with dropped ball • Too many field players during play • Stop game • Restart with indirect free kick Too many field players & goal scored