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What You Need to Know to Transition From the Classroom to Competitive Employment. Resume Workshop. Key Terms to Know:. “Action words” “Key words” “Networking”. Resume. What is it? Intro What is its purpose? Gatekeeper Target it to your job objective Generally one page

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key terms to know
Key Terms to Know:
  • “Action words”
  • “Key words”
  • “Networking”
  • What is it? Intro
  • What is its purpose? Gatekeeper
  • Target it to your job objective
  • Generally one page
  • How and where you place information indicates its relative importance
resume writing
Resume writing
  • Write it yourself
  • Make it error-free: Proofread, Proofread!!!
  • Make it look good
  • Simple is best
  • Be brief, be relevant
  • Be honest
  • Be positive
  • Be specific
  • Update it as needed
do not include
Do not include:
  • Personal info
  • Salary history
  • Hobbies
  • Names of references
  • High school IF you are in college or have a college degree
  • Philosophy statement [of life, work, etc.]
styles of resumes
Styles of Resumes:
  • Chronological
  • Functional
  • Combination
  • Information organized in reverse order of occurrence
  • Pros:
    • most employers prefer this format
    • showcases steady work record, steady growth & promotion
  • Cons:
    • bad news for those who have gaps in their work history or for new grads who don’t have much experience
    • doesn’t help employer visualize the future
  • Information is organized by functions or skills related to the job being sought
    • for example: Marketing, Organizational skills, Supervisory skills,


functional resume con t
Functional Resume,con’t
  • Pros:
    • ideal for presenting transferable skills [skills that can move from one occupation to another]
    • downplays irrelevant jobs, spotty work history, career reversals
    • helpful when your most impressive skills came from volunteer work
    • makes for interesting presentation
  • Cons:
    • most employers don’t like this format
    • unless handled well, can be confusing to read
    • difficult to write well
combination resume
Combination Resume
  • Takes the best from both chronological & functional
  • Sells what you can do & shows your work history to prove it
resume structure
Resume Structure:
  • Name, Address, day time Phone number, Email
  • Objective [simple job title - not your goals]
  • Skills summary
  • Education & training
  • Employment history
  • Portfolio / References

Your portfolio

  • Extra copies of your RESUME
  • Complete WORK HISTORY
  • Examples of your BEST WORK
  • PAD & PEN

Be specific as to how your training or skills learned in any p/t or volunteer job will help you do a good job for your prospective employer

  • Take credit for the duties
  • and responsibilities you
  • performed on your past
  • jobs
  • References - ask
  • their permission
  • before using
  • their names

Electronic & Scannable Resumes

  • Now you need to know how to plan & write your resume both for the computer and for the human eye
  • Need to focus on nouns and key words
  • Scanners differ in their capabilities
rules for scanned resumes
Rules for Scanned resumes:
  • Sans serif typefaces that scan well: Helvetica, Futura, Univers, Optima, ITC Avante Garde Gothic
  • Serif fonts that scan well: Times, New Century Schoolbook, ITC Bookman, Palatino, Courier
scannable resumes con t
Scannable resumes con’t
  • * Between 11 - 14 point size type
  • Boldface is usually okay; when in doubt, check with prospective employer
  • Asterisks are okay
  • Avoid italic, script, * underlining
  • Avoid graphics & shading
  • * Keep horizontal & vertical lines away from text
scannable resumes con t17
Scannable resumes con’t
  • Omit parentheses & brackets, especially around phone numbers
  • * Lots of white space
  • Laser printer
  • * Always send originals
  • * Minimize abbreviations; when in doubt, spell it out
  • * Use traditional resume structure
scannable resumes con t18
Scannable resumes con’t
  • * White, 8 1/2” by 11” paper printed on one side only
  • Your name should always be the first text on the resume
  • * No staples
  • Do not fold resume; if it must be folded, make sure fold is not along a line of text
additional tips for resumes
Additional tips for resumes:
  • Update as often as necessary
  • Join a professional society & put that membership on your resume
  • Keep the most important data

& keywords at the top of

your resume

90 second self marketing ad
90 second self-marketing ad
  • Intro: who you are & what you want from your target
  • Your training & skills
  • Your “hook”
  • How you will follow up
  • The closing
business correspondence
Business Correspondence
  • Cover letter
  • Networking letter
  • Thank you
  • Keep-in-touch
cover letter
Cover Letter
  • Every sent resume must have cover letter
  • Purpose?
  • Address letter to a person
  • Know your target’s needs
cover letter structure
Cover letter structure
  • 1st para - purpose of letter; identify job title; mention specific info about company
  • 2nd para - describe professional & academic qualifications
  • 3rd- continue; why you should be considered; expand on resume
  • 4th - ask for interview
  • closing
cover letters con t
Cover letters, con’t
  • Do not discuss salary, unless required
  • No negatives
  • Action/key words
  • Cite work-related accomplishments
  • Highlight personal attributes
networking letter
Networking letter
  • Must be addressed to a person
  • Mention person who referred you
  • Ask for Help, Information, Advice
  • Request brief face-to-face
Thank you letters
  • Keep-in-Touch letters
networking other ways to job search
Networking… & Other Ways to Job Search
  • Career Services
  • Job Fairs
  • Employment & Temp Agencies
  • Newspaper Ads
  • Employment Service
  • Internet- NJPIN, MonsterTrak, ...
  • Networking - Uncovering the Hidden Job Market
the best route to and through the hidden job market


The best route to and through the “Hidden Job Market”

what is networking
What is Networking?

Cultivating & expanding your contact base to enlist their help & support in your job search

how do i start
How do I start?

Begin with the people you know well:

  • close relatives
  • friends and neighbors
  • your pastor, priest or rabbi
  • current & former teachers
  • current & former employers & co-workers
  • people you meet in your every day activities
what do i say
What do I say?
  • First begin with an introduction: who you are and what kind of job you are looking for
  • Continue with a short description of your skills and what you can do for the company you would be working for
and then
And then...
  • Let your target know you are not asking them for a job; instead, you are asking for information, advice and support
  • Make it clear that you are a resource person and will add value to any company you will work for
  • Ask open-ended but specific


for instance
For instance...
  • How did you get started in your career?
  • Based on my current skills and education, what kind of jobs in this field should I be applying for?
  • What are the most important skills needed for the jobs in this field ?
  • What do you like most and least about your job?
What do you see happening in this industry in the next 3 - 5 years?
  • Who else do you know in this field who might be willing to talk to me?
  • Can I mention your name when I contact them?
  • Would you like to see a copy of my resume? If you have any suggestions, I would like to

hear them.

tips for networking success
Tips for networking success
  • Tell your target you will take only 20-30 minutes of his/her time… and stick to your schedule
  • Make a networking goal and stick to it
  • Be sincere but positive when discussing your strengths and weaknesses - don’t mislead anyone
  • Thank your target for his/her time and information. Send a thank-you note within 24 hours of your meeting.
  • Keep in touch with your contacts… a short note, call or e-mail will work wonders
  • You can find good networking contacts by joining a professional organization in your field and/or by volunteering or obtaining an


in your field


Take personal responsibility for maintaining the positive energy in your networking relationships

90 second self marketing ad40
90 second self-marketing ad
  • Intro: who you are & what you want from your target
  • Your training & skills
  • Your hook
  • How you will follow up
  • The closing
  • 2 Way - Process
  • Home Stretch
  • Presenting Self
    • oral &
    • non-verbal communication
  • Presenting Skills

If you have the right skills, this is your opportunity to elaborate on your training & experience;

if you do not have all the requirements for the job, this is your opportunity to stress willingness to learn new skills, how well you work with people, how eager you are to contribute to the company...

presenting self
Presenting Self:
  • 1st impressions are lasting impressions
  • Research company
  • Get good night’s rest
  • Arrive at interview early
  • Arrive alone
  • Dress / cologne / jewelry
self con t
Self con’t

Be positive about past & present employers

  • Don’t address target by 1st name
  • Be pleasant to receptionist
  • Speak clearly
  • Friendly, businesslike
  • No food or drink
self con t46
Self con’t
  • Do not smoke, chew gum, bite nails, squirm
  • Be honest
  • Be positive
  • Don’t let silence make you uncomfortable
  • ** Illegal questions
presenting skills
Presenting skills:
  • Primary objective: convince prospective employer to hire you
  • Communicate positive attitude about yourself & prospective job
    • enthusiasm
    • flexibility
    • eagerness to face challenges
    • desire to learn & grow
presenting skills con t
Presenting skills con’t
  • Prepare ahead of time:
    • work experience
    • transferable skills
    • personal strengths [communication, organizational, problem-solving…]
    • education & training & how they will help you on the job
    • special talents [bilingual…]

Most frequently asked questions:

  • what are they really asking?
  • how would you answer?
  • Problem questions
  • Salary issues
behavioral interviewing
Behavioral Interviewing
  • Based on belief that past performance is indicative of future success
  • Questions relate to job-related skills & technical ability in
    • coping
    • assertiveness
    • commitment to task
closing the sale
Closing the “sale”
  • Find out when a decision will be made
  • State your interest
  • Thank the interviewer
follow up
Follow up
  • Always thank your target [in person & with follow-up letter]
  • Be assertive
  • Remember - you are a resource, not a “job begger”
if you re still not finding a job
If you’re still not finding a job...
  • Review your techniques
  • Try applying to smaller companies
  • Take a temp job & try to turn it into something permanent
  • Try networking
90 second self marketing ad55
90 second self-marketing ad
  • Intro: who you are & what you want from your target
  • Your training & skills
  • Your hook
  • How you will follow up
  • The closing