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FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE. The Will to Power & Master – Slave Morality. Nietzsche’s moral. “God is dead” Nietzsche “ Nietzsche is dead” God ( Graffiti found in BA).

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friedrich nietzsche

FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE

The Will to Power

&

Master – Slave Morality

slide2

Nietzsche’s moral

“God is dead”

Nietzsche

“Nietzsche is dead”

God

(Graffiti found in BA)

The “death” of God would lead to the loss of any universal perspective of things and any coherent sense of objective truth.

There is a God in each of us, waiting to be born.

slide3

The Will to Power

It is the only law and the only “morality”.

It applies to all living things. The pressure for survival or adaptation is less important than the desire to expand one’s power.

Living in itself appears as a subsidiary aim, something necessary to promote one’s power.

The notion of the will to power is contrasted by Nietzsche with that of utilitarianism, which claims all people want fundamentally to be happy.

Humans are divided into a natural aristocratic group and a naturally dependent and inferior one, which are always opposed. Exploitation is a natural consequence of the will to power.

Superior people express the will to power, taking advantage of their natural gifts to achieve their full potential and dominance over others.

Inferior people use different ideologies, or “slave moralities”, to try to deny the will to power.

Self expressing the will to power – truly living – can’t be “wrong”.

slide4

Master – Slave Morality

Master morality is the original system of morality.

This is the morality of the SUPERIOR PEOPLE. They are BEYOND GOODAND EVIL. They believe that “what is injurious to them is injurious in itself”.

Goodis associated with wealth, strength, health, inspiring fear and power. It means power-enhancing, tending to the full development of natural ability.

Badis related with the lack of power, poor, weak, sick and pathetic. It means contemptible, power-diminishing, tending to the artificial limitation of natural ability.

To fulfill full human potential, the noble soul lives according to the first law of nature: the Will to Power.

slide5

Slave morality is a social illness. It is essentially a morality of utility.

This is the morality of the INFERIOR PEOPLE.

Most slaves choose to be victims. This morality favours a limited existence. It “makes the best of a bad situation”. It promotes virtues such as pity, the complaisant and obliging hand, warm heart, patience, humility and friendliness, which serve to ease existence for those who suffer.

Good is related to charity, pity, restraint, and subservience. It means “tending to ease suffering”.

Evil is seen in the cruel, selfish, wealthy, indulgent and aggressive. It means “tending to inspire fear”.

slide6

“Vosotros hombres superiores, aprended esto de mí: en el mercado nadie cree en hombres superiores. Y si queréis hablar allí, ¡bien! Pero la plebe dirá parpadeando «todos somos iguales».

«Vosotros hombres superiores, -así dice la plebe parpadeando- no existen hombres superiores, todos somos iguales, el hombre no es más que hombre, ¡ante Dios todos somos iguales!».

¡Ante Dios! - Mas ahora ese Dios ha muerto. Y ante la plebe nosotros no queremos ser iguales. ¡Vosotros hombres superiores, marchaos del mercado!

Vosotros hombres superiores, ese Dios era vuestro máximo peligro.

Sólo desde que él yace en la tumba habéis vuelto vosotros a resucitar. Sólo ahora llega el gran mediodía, sólo ahora se convierte el hombre superior - ¡en señor!

¿Habéis entendido esta palabra, oh hermanos míos? Estáis asustados: ¿sienten vértigo vuestros corazones? ¿Veis abrirse aquí para vosotros el abismo? ¿Os ladra aquí el perro infernal?

¡Bien! ¡Adelante! ¡Vosotros hombres superiores! Ahora es cuando la montaña del futuro humano está de parto. Dios ha muerto: ahora nosotros queremos -que viva el superhombre.”

“And thusspokeZarathustra” - 1883