FAA NAS Architecture System Engineering Process - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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FAA NAS Architecture System Engineering Process
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FAA NAS Architecture System Engineering Process

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  1. FAA NAS Architecture System Engineering Process OMG Transportation Tammy Parsons April 27, 2004

  2. NAS Architecture Physical Functional |||||||||| Requirements Program Data Service Groups Services Capabilities Mechanisms (systems, people, Support activities) …… Current Operations Operational Improvement 1 Operational Improvement n 2004 2010 2015 2020 Locations

  3. Operational Improvements • Service Group • Service • Capability • Operational Improvement • Source References • Description • Benefits • Systems • Support Activities • People • Interfaces • Issues • Functional Architecture • Air Traffic Service Group • Flight Planning Service • Flight Plan Support Capability • Provide Interactive Flight Planning from Anywhere • Physical Architecture • NG-TFM • FAA Adaptation for Provide Interactive Flight Planning from anywhere • Flight Service Specialist • NG-TFM to CMS interface

  4. FAA Standardized System Engineering Process • System Engineering Manual defines processes • System Engineering Council supports and enforces processes • SE courses train the workforce in standard processes

  5. System Engineering Process Overview Customer Requirements Requirements Analysis Synthesis Functional Analysis & Modeling

  6. SE Tool Summary • Requirements – DOORS • Functional Analysis – CORE • Modeling – Rational Rose • Synthesis – CATS-I

  7. Requirements • NAS-SR-1000 Requirements • Current NAS Operations • Trace to Capability (Current OI steps) • CONOPS Requirements • Requirements based on future customer needs • Trace to future OIs

  8. Functional Analysis & Modeling • NAS Functional Hierarchy • Service Group • Service • Capability • Enhanced Functional Flow Block Diagrams, N2 diagrams, Data Dictionaries • State/Activity Diagrams, Sequence Diagrams, Use Case Diagrams, Class Diagrams,

  9. Synthesis (Design) • Mechanisms • Systems • People • Support activities • Mechanism data includes: • Description • Quantities • Deployment schedule • Interfaces • Programmatic data includes • Cost • Schedule

  10. SE Product Relationships Current operations CONOPS Lexicon Operational Improvement Operational Requirements Requirements Analysis • FUNCTIONAL • Service Group • Service • Capability • Operational Improvement • Source References • Description • Benefits Mechanism Requirements EFFBDs N2 diagrams Data dictionary Function descriptions Operational Requirements Synthesis Functional Analysis Existing 4 levels of NAS functional hierarchy • PHYSICAL • Systems • Support Activities • People • Interfaces Mechanisms Interfaces Functional and Physical data Modeling State diagrams, sequence diagrams, etc.

  11. Flight Planning Example • Example is for Current Flight Plan Support, a Current OI • NAS-SR-1000 requirements, rather than CONOPS • Existing systems • Provides the baseline operations against which future improvements will be made

  12. Flight Plan Support Requirements

  13. FP Functional Analysis • Function descriptions (Service Group, Service, Capability) – available on NAS Architecture 5 • Other products (EFFBDs and N2) under development

  14. FP Functional Analysis Flight Planning The Flight Planning Service provides both flight plan support and flight plan data processing to support the safe and efficient use of the nation's airspace through the development and use of coordinated flight plans. This includes preparing and conducting pre-flight and in-flight briefings, filing flight plans and amendments, managing flight plan acceptance and evaluation, preparing flight planning broadcast messages, and maintaining flight-planning data archives. This service offers preparation to conduct a flight within the NAS and allows changes to flight profiles while operating within the NAS. Service Flight Plan Support Flight plan support takes the user's intention for a flight, compares that intention against known NAS constraints and provides feedback to the user. The user's intention includes expected route, altitude, time of flight, and aircraft capabilities. Constraints include available routes, special use airspace (SUA) restrictions, daily demand conditions and anticipated flight conditions including weather and sky conditions (e.g. volcanic ash, smoke, birds), winds and temperatures, surface conditions, and any significant meteorological condition. Aeronautical information includes notices to airmen containing information concerning the establishment, condition, or change in any NAS component (facility, service, or procedure, or hazard in the NAS) the timely knowledge of which is essential to flight. Based on this constraint identification and feedback the user develops a flight plan that best meets individual objectives. This support includes both the initial flight plan and any proposed user proposed amendments along the way. Flight Data Management Flight data management maintains the knowledge of a flight within the NAS. This activity includes both Visual Flight Rules (VFR) and Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) flights from activation until flight plan cancellation or closing. The management of flight data can vary from an indication that the flight plan is active in the NAS until closure or can include maintaining knowledge of current positions in the NAS through pilot reports and/or radar contact and updates to the projected forward trajectory. The forward trajectories support separation assurance and flight advisories in their allocation of the flight to the appropriate service provider. Implementation of flight data management occurs at or near the start of a planned flight. It includes activation following the issuance of a clearance for flight, distributing flight plans to appropriate ATC facilities along routes, as well as updates based on current position and along the route of flight including changes based on in-flight amendments. Once an IFR flight is airborne or VFR associated flight plan has been activated, the flight plan remains active in the NAS until the flight plan is closed. Information associated with the flight remains available to all authorized users, controllers/specialists, emergency and supervisory personnel before, during, and after the flight as necessary for processing. Capabilities

  15. FP Functional Analysis

  16. FP Modeling • State/Activity Diagrams • Sequence Diagrams • Use Case Diagrams • Class Diagrams

  17. State/Activity Diagrams

  18. Sequence Diagrams - DUATS

  19. Sequence Diagrams-Fast File

  20. Sequence Diagrams-Person-to-Person

  21. Sequence Diagrams-OASIS

  22. Use Case Diagrams

  23. Use Case Diagrams

  24. Class Diagrams

  25. Functional Analysis / Modeling Products on NAS Architecture 5 Attachments

  26. Current Flight Plan Support: OI sections 1-4

  27. Current Flight Plan Support: OI sections 8-9

  28. Current Flight Plan Support: OI sections 10-11

  29. Summary • The NAS Architecture is continuously updated to address: • Funding issues • Industry changes • Technology advances • As SE products are generated, they are made available on the Internet at NAS Architecture 5

  30. www.nas-architecture.faa.gov/cats/