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Iowa Civil Rights Commission Disclaimer The information contained in this presentation is a brief overview and should not be construed as legal advice or exhaustive coverage of the topic. DISABILITY DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT What is it ? How do we prevent it ?

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iowa civil rights commission disclaimer

Iowa Civil Rights CommissionDisclaimer

The information contained in this presentation is a brief overview and should not be construed as legal advice or exhaustive coverage of the topic.

disability discrimination in employment

DISABILITY DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT

What is it ?

How do we prevent it ?

disability discrimination
DISABILITY DISCRIMINATION

Occurs when a person with a disability is treated differently from a similarly-situated non disabled person with regard to:

- An employment decision

- Terms and conditions of employment

Because of that person’s disability

disability discrimination4
DISABILITY DISCRIMINATION

Also occurs when an employer fails to provide a reasonable accommodation for an employee with a disability

the americans with disabilities act ada 1990
THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT ADA (1990)

Federal anti-discrimination law that prohibits discrimination, on the part of employers with 15 or more employees, against qualified persons with a disability in any aspect of employment practice

who is a person with a disability
WHO IS A PERSON WITH A DISABILITY ?

Someone who has significant difficulty performing a major life activity, ( breathing, walking, talking, seeing, hearing, learning, etc. ) as a result of a physical or mental condition. This has to be a substantial difficulty, and not just a temporary one.

who is a person with a disability7
WHO IS A PERSON WITH A DISABILITY ?

Someone who has a past record of a disability or condition. The person may no longer have a difficulty, but had this in the past.

who is a person with a disability8
WHO IS A PERSON WITH A DISABILITY ?

A person who is regarded or perceived as having a disability

who is a qualified person with a disability
WHO IS A QUALIFIED PERSON WITH A DISABILITY ?

Someone who meets all of the following criteria:

  • Meets the definition of a person with a disability
  • Meets all the prerequisites for a job in terms of education, experience, or other requirements
  • Is able to perform the essential functions of the job, with or without a reasonable accommodation
conditions which are not considered a disability
CONDITIONS WHICH ARE NOT CONSIDERED A DISABILITY
  • A temporary condition, not expected to be long-term, chronic or permanent
  • Personal characteristics: Left-handedness, height and weight within normal range.
  • Current illegal drug use
  • Sexual disorders
  • Compulsive gambling, kleptomania, pyromania
reasonable accommodations
REASONABLE ACCOMMODATIONS

Accommodations which make it possible for people with disabilities to be employed

and perform the essential functions of the job.

reasonable accommodations12
REASONABLE ACCOMMODATIONS

Might include the following:

  • Modifying work hours or offering part time work
  • Buying or modifying equipment or devices
  • Changing job descriptions, especially with regard to minor job functions
  • Altering physical facilities to make them accessible and usable.
what is not a reasonable accommodation
WHAT IS NOT A REASONABLE ACCOMMODATION?
  • Lowering performance standards
  • Providing additional paid leave ( in contrast with providing unpaid leave )
  • Waiving warranted discipline, even if disability played a role in the conduct worthy of discipline
  • Removing or reallocating essential job fuctions
  • Creating a new position or bumping another employee to create a vacancy for reassignment.
undue hardship
“UNDUE HARDSHIP”
  • Significant difficulty or expense in providing a reasonable accommodation
  • Factors to be considered:

-Overall financial resources of employer

-Type of operation

-Number of employees

-Impact of accommodation on the operation

what are essential job functions
WHAT ARE ESSENTIAL JOB FUNCTIONS ?

Essential job functions are tasks that are fundamental , not marginal, to a job.

determining essential job functions
DETERMINING ESSENTIAL JOB FUNCTIONS
  • Is the function actually being performed?
  • Would removing the function fundamentally alter the nature of the job?
  • Does the position exist to perform this job?
  • How many employees are available to do this job?
  • Is this function highly specialized?
  • Can the function be redistributed to another position without a problem?
employment consideration
EMPLOYMENT CONSIDERATION

Employers are generally forbidden from considering medical diagnoses in either pre- or post-employment decision making. The employer must consider your current

ability rather than your diagnosis or any potential, real, or imagined future deterioration.

iowa civil rights commission

Iowa Civil Rights Commission

211 East Maple Street, 2nd Floor

Des Moines, Iowa 50309

515-281-4121

800-457-4416 (toll free)

fax: 515-242-5840

website:www.state.ia.us/government/crc

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