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Definite and Indefinite Articles. Spanish One ch.1B. The indefinite article:. A, an, some : un / una / unos / unas The indefinite article is a RESTRICTIVE adjective. The indefinite article is typically used in Spanish when it is used in English. Indefinite Articles.

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Presentation Transcript
the indefinite article
The indefinitearticle:
  • A, an, some: un / una / unos / unas
  • The indefinite article is a RESTRICTIVE adjective.
  • The indefinite article is typically used in Spanish when it is used in English.
indefinite articles
Indefinite Articles
  • When talking about any one will do.

a pencil un lápiz

a student un/una estudiante

a book un libro

a boy un chico

some girls unas chicas

some desks unos pupitres

slide4

EXAMPLES:

Paco has a piece of paper.

Paco tiene una hoja de papel.

Marta is a good friend.

Marta es una buena amiga.

I need some vocabulary cards.

Yo necesito unas tarjetas de vocabulario.

the definite article
The definitearticle:
  • The: el / la / los / las
  • The definite article is a RESTRICTIVE adjective.
  • The definite article is used more in Spanish than in English.
definite articles
Definite Articles
  • When talking about a specific or DEFINITE one.

the pencil el lápiz

the student el/la estudiante

the book el libro

the boy el chico

the girls las chicas

the desks los pupitres

slide7

When you must use the definite

article in Spanish but you don’t

see it in English:

  • With general usage nouns

ie...Me gustan los libros.

ie...I like books.

slide8

When you must use the definite

article in Spanish but you don’t

see it in English:

2. With titles when you are talking about someone.

ie...El Sr. Ruiz es alto.

ie...Mr. Ruiz is tall.

slide9

When you must use the definite

article in Spanish but you don’t

see it in English:

3. To say on with a day of the week.

ie...Yo estudio los lunes.

ie...I study on Mondays.

slide10

When you must use the definite

article in Spanish but you don’t

see it in English:

4. To express the …family.

ie... los Shellman

ie...the Shellman family

or the Shellmans.

slide11

EXAMPLES:

Mr. Gonzalez is in the house.

El Sr. Gonzalez está en la casa.

I like potato chips a lot.

Me gustan mucho las papitas.

I do my vocabulary cards on Friday.

Hago mis tarjetas de vocbulario el

viernes.

slide13

PRACTICE:

Mr. Gonzales, How are you?

I like computers.

Paco always watches cartoons on Saturdays.

no. you are talking to him

yes

yes