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Z OO B ANK – THE OPEN-ACCESS ANIMAL NAMES’ REGISTRY - Working with CBOL towards the New Taxonomy Andrew Polaszek Andrew Polaszek Executive Secretary , ICZN, c/o Natural History Museum, London UK iczn@nhm.ac.uk www.iczn.org www.zoobank.org

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slide1

ZOOBANK

– THE OPEN-ACCESS ANIMAL NAMES’ REGISTRY -

Working with CBOL towards the New Taxonomy

Andrew Polaszek

Andrew Polaszek

Executive Secretary, ICZN, c/o Natural History Museum,

London UK iczn@nhm.ac.uk www.iczn.org www.zoobank.org

Executive Secretary, ICZN, c/o Natural History Museum,

London UK iczn@nhm.ac.ukwww.iczn.orgwww.zoobank.org

slide2

ZooBank – the concept

  • An open-access register for all scientific names of animals
  • Formally proposed: Nature 437: 477 (22 September 2005)
  • Initiated online (www.zoobank.org) August 2006
  • Rapid description of biodiversity facilitated
  • Similarities to the Genbank Accession Number system
  • Taxonomists as ZooBank builders and primary stakeholders
slide3

The ICZN Code and type specimens

  • Under present Code – no absolute requirement for type
  • specimens
  • Surrogates are permitted (e.g. images, including sequences
  • or trace files), where type specimens are “illegal, unethical
  • or impossible” under Code Article 73.1.4

But does this promote nomenclatural stability?

slide4

Amendments to the ICZN Code

facilitating barcoding and web taxonomy

  • “Principle of Typification” is central to the Code (Article 61.1)
  • Type specimen (HOLOTYPE where possible) is the objective link
  • between the name and the taxonomic concept
  • Where possible, that type specimen should be a whole animal from
  • which morphological and molecular data can be (re-)examined and
  • reassessed
  • Exceptions (no type specimens) could be ratified by the Commission
  • Web-only publication mustbe permitted if registered with ZooBank
slide5

THANKS TO:

  • CBOL – the Consortium for the Barcode of Life
  • Academia Sinica
  • Natural History Museum, London
  • Bishop Museum, Hawaii
  • Thomson Scientific / Zoological Record
  • GBIF & TDWG
  • The Commissioners & Trustees of ICZN / ITZN