ZOOBANK – THE OPEN-ACCESS ANIMAL NAMES’ REGISTRY - Working with CBOL towards the New Taxonomy Andrew Polaszek Andrew Polaszek Executive Secretary, ICZN, c/o Natural History Museum, London UK email@example.com www.iczn.org www.zoobank.org Executive Secretary, ICZN, c/o Natural History Museum, London UK firstname.lastname@example.org
ZooBank – the concept • An open-access register for all scientific names of animals • Formally proposed: Nature 437: 477 (22 September 2005) • Initiated online (www.zoobank.org) August 2006 • Rapid description of biodiversity facilitated • Similarities to the Genbank Accession Number system • Taxonomists as ZooBank builders and primary stakeholders
The ICZN Code and type specimens • Under present Code – no absolute requirement for type • specimens • Surrogates are permitted (e.g. images, including sequences • or trace files), where type specimens are “illegal, unethical • or impossible” under Code Article 73.1.4 But does this promote nomenclatural stability?
Amendments to the ICZN Code facilitating barcoding and web taxonomy • “Principle of Typification” is central to the Code (Article 61.1) • Type specimen (HOLOTYPE where possible) is the objective link • between the name and the taxonomic concept • Where possible, that type specimen should be a whole animal from • which morphological and molecular data can be (re-)examined and • reassessed • Exceptions (no type specimens) could be ratified by the Commission • Web-only publication mustbe permitted if registered with ZooBank
THANKS TO: • CBOL – the Consortium for the Barcode of Life • Academia Sinica • Natural History Museum, London • Bishop Museum, Hawaii • Thomson Scientific / Zoological Record • GBIF & TDWG • The Commissioners & Trustees of ICZN / ITZN