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AIR QUALITY MONITORING IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC – An example of adoption of EU air monitoring requirements in new MSs Jaroslav Fiala, European Environment Agency Kongens Nytorv 6, Copenhagen. Air pollution in CR in last period.

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AIR QUALITY MONITORING IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC –An example of adoption of EU air monitoring requirements in new MSs Jaroslav Fiala, European Environment AgencyKongens Nytorv 6, Copenhagen

The 6th session of the Working Group on Environmental Monitoring and AssessmentUN ECE

air pollution in cr in last period
Air pollution in CR in last period

Before 1990 the Czech Republic belonged to the most polluted areas in Europe (northern Bohemia - Black Triangle, Silesia)

SO2

  • Democratic changes in the beginning of 90’s led to adoption of environmentally friendly legislation and enforced substantial improvement of the environment in CR
  • Restructuring of economy (decline from heavy industry, liberalisation of prices of energy …)
  • Implementation of necessary abatement measures (desulphurization, use of low NOx-burners and particle filters at large power plants, gasification, reduction of emissions from cars...)
  • Air emissions and consequently ambient air concentrations of basic pollutants (SO2, PM and NOx)decreased remarkably in the Czech Republic after 1990
  • Air quality monitoring and air quality assessment was substantially improved after 1990

SO2

PM

TSP

The 6th session of the Working Group on Environmental Monitoring and AssessmentUN ECE

air quality monitoring in cr in 1992 2002

+

Integrated Air Quality Information System of the Czech Republic

SQL RDBMS (Oracle) + GIS

Number of air pollution monitoring sites measuring basic pollutants

Number of monitoring sites measuring specific pollutants,

Air quality monitoring in CR in 1992-2002

Air Quality Monitoring NetworksBackbone Network ofAutomated Stations

The 6th session of the Working Group on Environmental Monitoring and AssessmentUN ECE

eu enlargement and the environment
EU Enlargement and the environment
  • The process of EU Enlargementwas an additional important stimulus for further improvement of the environment in Candidate Countries
  • The accession process required an adoption of the European environmental legislation

=> Transposition and implementation of EU legislation into the national legislation

The 6th session of the Working Group on Environmental Monitoring and AssessmentUN ECE

adoption of eu aq legislation
Adoption of EU AQ legislation
  • By 2002 the Czech Republic transposed and implemented more than a dozen of EU AQ related directives and regulations:
    • Integrated Pollution Prevention Control (IPPC) directive
    • National Emission Ceiling directive
    • Air Emissions related directives
  • In ambient air quality it covered a transposition and implementation of:
    • Framework Directive 96/62/EC
    • Daughter Directives 1999/30/EC, 2000/69/EC and 2002/3/EC
    • Exchange of Information (EoI) Decision 97/101/EC
  • Approximation of EU legislation led in the Candidate Countries to the adoption and innovation of air pollution protection legislation – clean air acts

The 6th session of the Working Group on Environmental Monitoring and AssessmentUN ECE

harmonization of air quality monitoring
Harmonization of air quality monitoring
  • Daughter Directives (99/30/EC, 2000/69/EC, 2002/3/EC) specify detailed minimum requirements concerning:
    • minimum numbers of monitoring sites in zones and agglomerations
    • basic requirements and site selection criteria both at micro- and macro-scale –traffic/kerb sites
    • data quality objectives
    • general requirements for AQ assessment procedures
  • During the year 2003 the national air quality monitoring network was innovated and optimised reflecting requirements of the EU AQ legislation
    • optimisation of existing networks (reduction of number of automated station from 96 to about 70)
    • installation of new kerbside / traffic stations in agglomerations
    • monitoring of PM2.5 , new instrumentation for PM10 and PM2.5
    • extension of monitoring of benzene (BTX)
    • improvement of monitoring of heavy metals (ICP-AAS/MS) and PAHs

The 6th session of the Working Group on Environmental Monitoring and AssessmentUN ECE

innovated national air quality monitoring
Innovated national air quality monitoring
  • Operated by CHMI as the authorized organization
  • About 70 automated monitoring stations throughout the territory of the Czech Republic
  • On-line data transmission from stations using radio communication
  • About 40 manual stations (PAHs, HMs..)
  • Actual information for public and state administration
  • Location and classification of the stations according to EoI and DDs
  • Monitored compounds
    • sulphur dioxide
    • nitrogen dioxide / nitrogen oxides
    • PM10
    • PM2.5
    • carbon monoxide
    • benzene, toluene and xylene (BTX)
    • ozone
    • heavy metals
    • PAHs and chemical composition of precipitation

The 6th session of the Working Group on Environmental Monitoring and AssessmentUN ECE

how are monitoring data used air quality assessment in the czech republic
How are monitoring data used? Air quality assessment in the Czech Republic

Air quality assessment should:

  • determine status of air quality in comparison with political targets
  • identify trends/tendencies of pollutant concentrations
  • analyse spatial distribution of pollutant concentrations to:
    • classify air quality in zones and agglomerations
    • identify areas for abatement measures
    • estimate population and ecosystem exposure to air pollution

Reports and outputs

  • Annual reports:- Air Quality in the Czech Republic- Air Quality in Data

www.chmi.cz

- SoER of the Czech Republic

  • Reporting air quality and summer ozone data to EU/EEA according to EoI (97/101/EC) and 2002/3/EC
  • Reporting of air quality in zones and agglomerations
  • Reporting of plans and programs

The 6th session of the Working Group on Environmental Monitoring and AssessmentUN ECE

european aq monitoring networks
European AQ monitoring networks

EUROPEAN EXCHANGE OF AIR QUALITY MONITORING META-INFORMATION IN 2004; ETC/ACC Technical paper 2006/-

The 6th session of the Working Group on Environmental Monitoring and AssessmentUN ECE

how are airbase data used
How are Airbase data used ?
  • Reports: Air Quality in Europe
  • Environmental Signals
  • SoEOR
  • http://reports.eea.europa.eu/
  • EEA Core Set of Indicators

http://themes.eea.europa.eu/Environmental_issues/air_quality/indicators

  • Structural indicators
  • Summer Ozone Reports

http://reports.eea.europa.eu/index_table?sort=Thematically#air_quality

  • Street Emission Ceilings – Air pollution at street level

http://reports.eea.europa.eu/technical_report_2006_1/en

  • Guidance documents – EU policy support (PM PP)
  • EoI Reports

The 6th session of the Working Group on Environmental Monitoring and AssessmentUN ECE

thank you for your attention
Thank you for your attention !

More information:

www.eea.europa.int

The 6th session of the Working Group on Environmental Monitoring and AssessmentUN ECE