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Adult protection & people with intellectual disabilities: Exploring their multiple vulnerabilities. Improving the quality of life for people with learning disabilities: Research into practice James Hogg, University of Dundee. (Friday May 7 2004) yielded many examples to support this statement:
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Improving the quality of life for people with learning disabilities: Research into practice
James Hogg, University of Dundee
Scotsman, p.1 Rumsfeld under fire over new torture images
Scotsman p.1 Council rocked by fresh claims of abuse: (report by Social Work Services Inspectorate and the Mental Welfare Commission on victimization and abuse of people with learning disabilities in Scottish Borders Region)
Guardian, p.7 Pastor faces jail for sex assaults: Former church head preyed on vulnerable female worshippers
Scotsman p.8 Two sentenced to total of nine years’ detention after racist attack
Guardian, p.11 Sex offender banned from contact with children
Guardian, p.14 Nigerian Muslims bury 600 after Christian slaughter
Scotsman, p.17 UN a factor in trafficking of women, Kosovo report says: (enforced prostitution of over 2000 women)
Guardian p.17 Village council ‘approved rapes’ (in Pakistan landlord permitted to rape the sister and sister-in-law of a man accused of an illicit relationship with his daughter)A day in the life of………….
Guardian 8 November 2005
Scottish Law Commission (1997)
“…an adult (aged 16 or over) who is unable to safeguard his or her personal welfare, property, or financial affairs, and is: in need of care and attention arising out of age or infirmity, or suffering from illness or mental disorder, or substantially handicapped by any disability.”
The concept of vulnerable adult should be applied to a person who:
“…is, or may be, in need of community care services by reason of mental or other disability, age or illness, and who is or may be unable to protect him or herself against significant harm or exploitation.”
Department of Health (2000) No Secrets: The protection of vulnerable adults. London: Department of Health.
“…accommodation, and nursing or personal care, are provided in a care service; personal care is provided in their own home under arrangements made by a domiciliary care agency; or prescribed services are provided by an NHS Board, or an independent hospital, independent clinic or an independent medical agency, or National Health service body that is registered under the Care Commission.”
Scottish Executive (2004)
Victimising and abusive behaviour includes:
……… of an individual who has not given, or is incapable of giving, informed consent to the transaction.
Nettlebeck, T., Wilson, C., Poter, R. & Perry, C. (2000) The influence of interpersonal competence on personal vulnerability of persons with mental retardation. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 15, 46-62.
Thus, a vulnerable adult is an individual 16 years of age or over who is, due to personal characteristics, vulnerable to a potential perpetrator of abuse, and is in such a relationship with that person and in such a setting, that the probability of physical, sexual, emotional and/or financial abuse and neglect is significantly increased.
Characteristics of the person who may be abused:
18 of 26 cases referred to police:
1 because the victim would not pursue the allegation and one because lack of consent could not be demonstrated
Joyce, T.A. (2003) An audit of investigations into allegations of abuse involving adults with intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 47, 606-616.
Daniel, B. (2003) The Scottish Child Protection Review: Development of a methodology for a national multidisciplinary audit of child protection Practice. Qualitative Social Work, 2, 435-456.
Case study methodology
Successful outcome of this study provides a procedurally firm and valid base on which to develop a parallel methodology to investigate adult protection procedures in Scotland.
At least the following involved: