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Beyond the Gate But Still Behind the Fence: Addictive Thinking Styles of Ex-Offenders. Jonathan M. Hartiens, Ph.D. Michael D. McCarty, Ph.D. Center for Addiction Treatment VAMC Martinsburg WV. How We Got Here.
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Jonathan M. Hartiens, Ph.D.
Michael D. McCarty, Ph.D.
Center for Addiction Treatment
VAMC Martinsburg WV
Living in prison conditions a mindset in which:
I’ve got to have a job that pays me the most money.
I’ve got to make up for lost time.
I need to prove myself.
I can’t be bored on the job.
Take whatever job is available regardless of its impact on recovery.
Work excessive hours.
Complicate simple instructions; don’t ask for help; do other people’s work.
Work in a way that mimics their drug of choice.How Prison Mindset Activates Addictive Thinking:Survival and Work
The more money I make, the better my chances at surviving.
Its my money to spend how I want now that I’m not drinking or using.
Turn down jobs that are “beneath” them. Work overtime, second jobs, or do under-the-table work.
Binge spending, giving $ to someone else, gambling - finding ways to get rid of it.How the Prison Mindset Activates Addictive Thinking:Survival and Money
I need money to be somebody.
I need money to give to my partner or children.
Flash cash, Showboating
Give away savings, rent or grocery money to children or spouse.How the Prison Mindset Activates Addictive Thinking:Survival and Money
I can’t make it on my own. I need someone to take care of me.
I need to be needed.
Moves in with a partner who already has a house and structured lifestyle.
Selects a needy caretaking partner who enables addictive behavior.How the Prison Mindset Activates Addictive Thinking:Survival and Relationships
Conditioned from living in prison and based on:
1 Timmerman, I.G. & Emmelkamp, P.M. (2001). The prevalence and comorbidity of axis I and II pathology in a group of forensic patients. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 45 (2), 198-213.
3 Kouri, E.M., Pope Jr., G.H., Powell, K.F., Oliva, P.S., & Campbell, C. (1997). Drug use and history of criminal behavior among 133 incarcerated men. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 23 (3), 413-419
5 National Institute of Justice. (1989). NJR Reports, 215, Washington DC.
6 National Institute on Addiction and Substance Abuse, (1998). Behind Bars: Substance Abuse and America’s Prison Population. New York: Columbia.