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9.6 – Absorption Process. Intermediate 2 Biology. Learning Intentions 15 th Jan. Everyone should complete: 1-Absorption Model 2-Visking Tube Experiment 3-Small Intestine Most people will complete: The Check Test for 9.6 The Home Practice for 9.6 Some people might start:

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9 6 absorption process

9.6 – Absorption Process

Intermediate 2 Biology

learning intentions 15 th jan
Learning Intentions 15th Jan

Everyone should complete:

  • 1-Absorption Model
  • 2-Visking Tube Experiment
  • 3-Small Intestine

Most people will complete:

  • The Check Test for 9.6
  • The Home Practice for 9.6

Some people might start:

  • Problem solving

Torrance Intermediate 2 Biology textbook

p 240 ‘Applying Your Knowledge’

1 absorption
1 - Absorption
  • The alimentary canal (or gut) is a long tube inside the body
  • Any food in the alimentary canal is still outside the cells of the body
  • To get inside the molecules of the food have to be able to pass through the wall of the alimentary canal

Now try the ‘Model Absorption’ kit!

think
Think…..
  • What does the piece of tube in the model represent?
  • Why can the food molecules inside the tube still be regarded as ‘outside’ the body?
  • Which food molecules in the model were able to pass through the wall of the tube most easily? Why was this?
  • Why were the protein molecules in the model unable to pass through the wall of the tube?

Now complete the ‘Notes’!!!

absorption
Absorption

‘The passage of small food molecules through the wall of the alimentary canal and into vessels that can transport them within the body’

2 visking tubing experiment
2 - Visking Tubing Experiment
  • a diagram of the experiment when set up
  • what the visking tubing was being used to represent
  • how you tested for starch and glucose and a table of your results
  • an explanation of the results in terms of size of the food molecules involved
3 small intestine
3 – Small Intestine
  • Small, soluble food molecules are absorbed through the wall of the small intestine
  • To absorb food molecules efficiently the small intestine has three main adaptations…….
1 a large surface area
1. A Large Surface Area
  • The small intestine is very long

-6m long

  • The inner surface on the intestine is folded

-covered with many finger-like projections called villi

-greatly increase the surface area in contact with digested food

villi
Villi

‘finger-like folds in the surface of the small intestine’

(Singular – villus)

2 thin wall
2. Thin Wall
  • Each villus has an extremely

thin wall

-only one cell thick

-rapid absorption

3 good blood supply
3. Good Blood Supply
  • Each villus is supplied with blood vessels to receive the absorbed foods

-glucose/amino acids/vitamins/minerals are absorbed into blood capillaries

-products of fat digestion absorbed into lacteal

Now complete the ‘Notes’!!

slide14

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