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Working in Groups Name of presenter Aims of the session Recognise how groups form and function Identify the inter-personal skills developed through group work Relate your knowledge of groups to team projects and other study groups

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working in groups

Working in Groups

Name of presenter

aims of the session
Aims of the session
  • Recognise how groups form and function
  • Identify the inter-personal skills developed through group work
  • Relate your knowledge of groups to team projects and other study groups
  • Evaluate your developing inter-personal skills and action plan for change
how is a group different to a team
How is a group different to a team?
  • Reflect individually on groups you have worked in socially, academically or in a work situation
  • What made some groups feel like being part of a team?
  • Be ready to share your thoughts in one minute
  • Are a group of people who have specific task(s) or goals(s)
  • Effective teams will be organised
  • Members will have specific allocated tasks and roles:
    • leader/coordinator, coach/mentor, achiever, doer, thinker/reflector, timekeeper, note taker, progress monitor, finisher/completer, carer
teams action centred leadership model john adair 1986
Teams – Action centred leadership model (John Adair, 1986)

Achieving the TASK

Developing the INDIVIDUAL

Maintaining the TEAM

task orientated behaviour
Task orientated behaviour
  • Identifying aims, resources, people, methods for the task
  • Creating a plan to achieve the task
  • Seeking information/opinions – about plans, ideas
  • Giving information/opinions about the task
  • Allocating work responsibilities and resources
  • Checking performance against the plan and adjusting the plan if needed
team building behaviour
Team building behaviour
  • Encouraging others towards the group goals
  • Enable effective internal communications
  • Develop collective maturity and capability
  • Maintaining group discipline, ethics
  • Harmonising – reducing tension and building team spirit
  • Problem solving –listening to others
  • Expressing group feelings
individual needs behaviour
Individual needs behaviour
  • Recognising own skills/abilities and using them
  • Assisting and supporting individuals
  • Understanding team members as individuals, listening to them
  • Giving feedback to individuals
  • Withdrawing, being very quiet in discussion
  • Being aggressive/dominating communication
stages in team group development
Stages in team/group development
  • Forming
      • when the group begins to discuss the task(s) and orientate towards a work plan
  • Storming
      • conflicts and tensions emerge when there are different working styles, differing expectations and different work ethics
  • Norming
      • beginning to develop mutual trust and effective ways of working
  • Performing
      • when effective work patterns are producing the required results
action planning for team skills development
Action planning for team skills development
  • List the teams you currently work within (seminars, tutorials, fieldwork, project team, study group, peer learning group)
  • What could you do to make these teams more effective? Which roles would you like to develop?
  • Set some time targets and review dates
  • Complete an assessment on your team skills
academic skills guides
Academic Skills Guides
  • Guides available are:
  • Learning styles
  • Reading academically
  • Writing effectively
  • Referencing your work
  • Getting the most from lectures
  • Working in groups
  • Giving a talk
  • Preparing effectively for examinations
  • Search strategy
  • Writing your dissertation
  • EndNote - software that helps you manage references
  • Approaching Mathematical Problems Systematically