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The Separation of Powers. The framers of the constitution included the separation of powers for one primary reason: to prevent the majority from achieving absolute rule. To this end , three branches of government were created: Legislative Executive Judicial.

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Presentation Transcript
separation of powers why
The framers of the constitution included the separation of powers for one primary reason: to prevent the majority from achieving absolute rule

To this end , three branches of government were created:

Legislative

Executive

Judicial

Separation of Powers- Why?
the branches
As part of this separation of powers, each of the three branches have “checks and balances” on the authority of the other two; the power of each branch is limited or”checked” by the other two so none gain too much power

The Legislative Branch is made up of Congress: the Senate and House of Representatives

The Executive Branch includes the President, Vice President, and Executive Departments

The Branches
the branches4
The Judicial Branch

is composed of the federal courts and the Supreme Court

The Branches
what are the checks and balances
The President appoints judges and department heads (secretaries), but these must be approved by the Senate

The Congress passes laws, but the president can veto it, which in turn can be overridden by the congress.

What are the Checks and balances ?
what are the checks and balances6
The Supreme court can rule a law unconstitutional, and therefore invalid, however, the congress can amend (change) the constitutionWhat are the Checks and Balances ?
specific powers of each branch
The executive

veto power, appointment of judges,

make treaties, pardon power

ensure all laws are carried out

President is Commander and Chief of Military

Checks: Legislative can override vetoes, refuse to confirm appointments, reject treaties, declare war, impeach the president, The Judicial can declare executive acts unconstitutional

Specific powers of each Branch
powers of each branch
Powers of the Legislative:

pass all federal laws, establish all lower federal courts, override presidential veto, impeach the president

Checks:

Executive

can veto any bill, call Congress into session,

Judicial

declare laws unconstitutional

Powers of each branch
powers of each branch9
Judicial Powers: try federal cases, interpret laws, declare executive actions and laws unconstitutional

Checks

Executive: appoints judges

Legislative: can impeach judges, and approves presidential appointments, can amend constitution to overturn judicial decisions

Powers of each branch
questions for discussion
Which branch is the most powerful ?

Is one branch more powerful than the others ? Explain. Give examples

Why did the framers believe a separation of powers was so important ?

Questions for discussion