The Separation of Powers. The framers of the constitution included the separation of powers for one primary reason: to prevent the majority from achieving absolute rule. To this end , three branches of government were created: Legislative Executive Judicial.
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To this end , three branches of government were created:
JudicialSeparation of Powers- Why?
The Legislative Branch is made up of Congress: the Senate and House of Representatives
The Executive Branch includes the President, Vice President, and Executive DepartmentsThe Branches
The Congress passes laws, but the president can veto it, which in turn can be overridden by the congress.What are the Checks and balances ?
veto power, appointment of judges,
make treaties, pardon power
ensure all laws are carried out
President is Commander and Chief of Military
Checks: Legislative can override vetoes, refuse to confirm appointments, reject treaties, declare war, impeach the president, The Judicial can declare executive acts unconstitutionalSpecific powers of each Branch
Executive: appoints judges
Legislative: can impeach judges, and approves presidential appointments, can amend constitution to overturn judicial decisionsPowers of each branch