Motivating Instructors to use Technology in the Classroom Presented by: Penny Kenerly and Mona Williams
Technology in the classroom promises instructors new ways of accomplishing tasks or innovative ways of teaching, and it offers a variety of options to help students effectively learn.
Topics covered in session: • Internet usage • Instant messaging • Chat Rooms/Electronic Bulletin Boards • PowerPoint • CD-ROM/CD-RW • E-mail • Video Conferencing • Streaming • Virtual Classrooms • Blackboard/online instruction
Internet Usage Internet - The Internet is a network of interconnected computer networks around the world. It provides excellent opportunities for users to transverse and seek information without ever leaving their home, office, or classroom. One must have a computer and a modem or DSL capability that will link a computer with this global network of networks before he/she can access the Internet. The World Wide Web, which is often times used interchangeably with the Internet, is a set of multimedia documents that are connected so a person can “jump” from one document to another using such features as URL’s, HTTP, and Web Pages. URL (Universal Resource Locator) is the computer site address or location of the remote computer system and HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) is the protocol (language) being used to access the remote computer system. A Web Page, commonly referred to as a Home Page, is a central location on the World Wide Web.
Internet in the Classroom The World Wide Web’s multimedia capabilities make it extremely versatile for creating educational experiences not yet possible through other media and for transforming future school curricula. The Internet and the Web in the classroom offer a tremendous array of information resources and provide opportunities for a wide variety of teaching strategies. One of the most popular Internet activities in the classroom is project based. The Internet offers a wealth of information to gather research for a project and is one of the best activities to help students learn how to navigate around the Internet and the World Wide Web. An example would be to have specific research questions posted on a bulletin board and have students locate web-sites in order to answer those questions. The student should be required to give the Internet address where the information was found and provide correct answers to the questions.
Instant Messaging A type of communications service that enables you to create a kind of private chat room with another individual in order to communicate in real time over the Internet, analagous to a telephone conversation but using text-based, not voice-based, communication. Typically, the instant messaging system alerts you whenever somebody on your private list is online. You can then initiate a chat session with that particular individual. Choosing an IM Service.
Chat RoomsElectronic Bulletin Boards Chat Room/Bulletin Board - A chat room is a real-time electronic forum--a virtual room where instructors can meet their students and share ideas on a particular subject. Many educational institutions have established a web-based training site for instructors who wish to offer an on-line class. The web-based site offers a class-specific home page for the on-line class which could include a syllabus, a bulletin board, assignment postings, class member information and access to the chat room. The on-line class can be synchronous, asynchronous, or a combination of both.
Synchronous Communication Synchronous means simultaneous—happening at the same time. In synchronous writing environments, the instructor and the students are able to write in the same document/chat room. Participants in a synchronous writing environment share their ideas in real-time—there is little delay between the time a writer starts to type and the appearance of the message on the other screens. Synchronous communication allows students and instructor to meet in this electronic space and can be accessed from a computer lab or from one’s own home. Instructors still have to take the lead in the chat room, engaging students in virtual discussions. In order for instructors to remain in charge of the virtual platform, they must be able to write well and have fast, accurate typing. Instructors who do not type fast or well would need an effective voice-recognition software, which is also available to instructors who wish to have an on-line class.
Asynchronous Communication Asynchronous communication means each character is transmitted independently of any other character. Each byte transmitted begins with a start bit and ends with one or two stop bits. Web-based forums, such as bulletin boards, class member information lists, and emailing lists, are asynchronous communication activities that can be used in a virtual/electronic classroom. A variety of asynchronous communication activities can be used by the instructor to make announcements to the class, distribute assignments, update schedules, or provide other course material updates. Instructors can also assign specific writing projects for students, such as, responding to class readings or peer review. An example of peer review would be to have students post essays on the bulletin board and have the peers respond to the essays as individual threads of discussion.
PowerPoint Power Point - PowerPoint is an electronic presentation package offered by Microsoft. The PowerPoint software is user-friendly and the presentations are often referred to as interesting, dynamic, and effective. PowerPoint offers an automated slide master feature—for those who are not familiar with the software; these are pre-designed master slide templates that allow users to fill in titles, graphs, and charts. People who are familiar with the software or just wish to be adventurous can create their own slide design and presentation from the beginning. PowerPoint offers the user a choice of font style and size and text color. There is also a build feature that allows a user to create layers of slides in order to reveal each point. The transition feature allows moving from one slide frame to the next, which offers an array of special effects and the speed from which the slide disappears and the next appears. PowerPoint also offers a clipart gallery or the user can import pictures from a clipart CD-ROM or from the Internet. PowerPoint also offers video and sound features for the slide presentation.
CD-ROM CD-ROM - CD-ROM (Compact Disc Read Only Memory) is an optical disk that is physically the same as an audio CD, but contains computer data. Many CD-ROM’s are available for education, such as, CD-ROM tutorials, drill and practice, encyclopedias, and subject specialized CD-ROM’s. Some of the subject specialized CD-ROM’s include: The Spanish Teacher, Creative Writer, Chemistry Lab, and Math Analysis. CD-ROM also offers software for Business, Physics, Biology, History, and most other educational subjects and also offers games and Business applications for non-educational purposes.
CD-RW CD–RW - Short for CD-ReWritable disk, a type of CD disk that enables you to write onto it in multiple sessions. One of the problems with CD-R disks is that you can only write to them once. With CD-RW drives and disks, you can treat the optical disk just like a floppy or hard disk, writing data onto it multiple times. The first CD-RW drives became available in mid-1997. They can read CD-ROMS and can write onto today's CD-R disks, but they cannot write on normal CD-ROMs. This means that disks created with a CD-RW drive can only be read by a CD-RW drive. However, a new standard called Multiread, developed jointly by Philips Electronics and Hewlett Packard, will enable CD-ROM Players to read disks create by CD-RW drives.
E-mail E-Mail - E-mail stands for electronic mail, which is a service that sends messages on computers via local or global networks. Most educational institutions already have their own server in place, which allows instructors to have their own e-mail address established. Instructors and students can send private messages or group messages via e-mail. Students can also submit their homework via e-mail as an attachment—which is a file or document attached to an e-mail message. In order to send and receive the file, the document would have to be prepared with an appropriate application software.
Video Conferencing Video Conferencing - Video conferencing offers instructors a wider variety of options in which to deliver course material. Video conferencing is the transmission of image (video) and speech (audio) back and forth between two or more separate locations. This is accomplished through the use of cameras, video displays, microphones, and speakers. Video conferencing not only can be used in distance learning, but in the physical classroom also. Instructors can use video conferencing to have experts from other institutions give presentations and answer questions without having to travel from the classroom. For example, instructors from other institutions can teach a class in a specialized area (such as foreign culture) from their classroom; business people can talk about careers and job opportunities from their office—a “remote” career day; or a class can visit or work on projects with students in other classrooms in another state or across the world and get first-hand experience with other cultures.
Streaming Streaming - Streaming is the ability to view video frames continuously as they are downloaded from the Internet. Streaming video requires player software, such as Microsoft NetShow Player or Quicktime, and can be launched by a web browser, such as Netscape Navigator or Microsoft Internet Explorer. Video on the web has been available for years, but the video had to be downloaded before viewing, which is a very slow process. Upgraded software allows students to start viewing the video as it continues to download; theoretically, there is no waiting involved. Before this viewing can be done, users must download a player software from a streaming video (a software developer’s web site). Many web servers have been designed specifically for streaming media and will perform an analysis of your computer and communications hardware prior to releasing a video stream. The streaming video technology makes distance learning more viable and also allows students who have missed a class to catch it later with streaming video clips of lectures.
Virtual Classrooms Virtual Classroom - A virtual classroom is a web-based education system, sometimes referred to as an on-line class. In order to have access to the virtual classroom, the student and the instructor would need an Internet provider, such as, Netscape Navigator or Microsoft Internet Explorer. Most educational institutions have Internet access and computer labs available for those students who do not have Internet access in their home. The virtual classroom can include such technologies as the Internet, CD-ROM, E-mail, chat rooms, video conferencing, and streaming. Virtual classrooms can have centralized instruction, which involves the class having a specific meeting time to come together in the course chat room, to very decentralized instruction whereby students work through tutorials at their own pace and under their own direction. Students normally communicate with one another and with the instructor via e-mail and can, as mentioned earlier, send their assignments in via e-mail.
Blackboard/Online Instruction Please plan to attend our session in order to view one of our own online classes and to receive valuable handouts. The handouts will include a tutorial for setting up an online class. You will also have the opportunity to view one of our instructors creativity with CD-RW technology for classroom lecture.