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Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772 --- 1834). Born --- in a priest family. Family --- his father died when he was only 3. Character --- lonely, but filled with dreams. Education --- Charity School of Christ’s Hospital. In Cambridge for 3 years without a degree. Lake Poets. William Wordsworth.

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Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772 --- 1834)

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Samuel Taylor Coleridge(1772 --- 1834)

Born --- in a priest family

Family --- his father died when he was only 3.

Character --- lonely, but filled with dreams

Education --- Charity School of Christ’s Hospital

In Cambridge for 3 years without a degree


Lake Poets

William Wordsworth

Samuel Coleridge

Robert Southey


In 1794, it is important for Coleridge.

Robert Southey

Excited at France Revolution

Inspired by the idea of egalitarianism

Establish a new community

A utopian society in America, named it Pantisocracy

Failed at last



His health

Suffered acute pain in the head

Ease the pain

Took opium

A slave to the drug

Live in poverty


His works

The Rime of the Ancient Mariner

representative work

a long poem written in ballad form

the simple story

The theme ----- about sin and its expiation

The language ----- irresistible


Kubla Khan

Collected in Lyrical Ballads

unfinished poem of 54 lines

He claimed that one day in his dream he composed a poem of 200—300 lines when he was taking a nap.

He was interrupted by an unexpected guest and stopped at 54 lines.


George Gordon Byron(1788--- 1824)

Born --- of noble blood on paternal and maternal lines.

his father

her mother

a Scottish heiress

an aristocratic family

inherited the title of baron


His life

*He was born with a club – foot and became extreme sensitivity about his lameness.

*In Cambridge, he piled up debts and aroused alarm with bisexual love affairs.

*In 1815, he married and had a daughter. But the marriage was unhappy, and they separated next year.


* In 1816, he left England because of the rumors, and never returned.

* He settled in Geneva with Shelley and his lover.

* He sailed to Greece, but he was contracted a fever from which he died.

Education -----

Harrow first, then Cambridge

In 1807 while a student at Cambridge, he showed talent in verse writing


His works

Hours of Idleness(1807)

first collection of poetry

received bad reviews

English Bards And Scotch Reviewers

answered his critics

Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage (1812)

became an adored character of London society

Don Juan(1818 -- 1823)

unfinished , his masterpiece


Percy Bysshe Shelley(1792 --- 1827)

Born --- on Aug 4, 1792, in an aristocratic family

Education --- attended Syno House Academy , Eton

In 1810, entered the Oxford University

Marriage --- eloped with the 16– year – old girl , then married, but unhappy, failed.

Then married Mary , and had a son.


His works:

The Necessity of Atheism(1811)

He was expelled from the college for publishing it.

The Assassins(1814)

during the journey with Mary

To the West Wind(1820)

odes----- popular poems

To a Skylark(1820)


John Keats(1795 --- 1821)

Born ----- on October 31, 1795 in London

Family ----- father : a livery – stable keeper

At 8 years old his father died, and his mother died when he was 14.

Education ----- at Clarke’s School in Enfield

His guardian forced him to leave school and apprenticed him to a surgeon.


He was the oldest of four children, who remained deeply devoted to each other.

He spent three months in 1818 attending his brother Tom, who was seriously ill with tuberculosis, at last Tom died. In 1820 he began to suffer from tuberculosis, and died at the age of 25.


His works:

Lines in Imitation of Spenser(1814)

first poem


first book


first long poem

Ode to a Nightingale

Ode to Autumn


Charles Lamb(1775 --- 1834)

Born ----- in London , 1775

Education ---- at Christ’s Hospital, where he formed a lifelong friendship with Coleridge

Illness ----- when he was 20 he suffered a period of insanity.

His sister, Mary, had similar problems and in 1796 murdered her mother in a fit of madness.

Marriage ----- never married