NOTE: Answers in last slide • 1) When Sven's parents overhear him describing a birthday party from earlier in his life, they look at each other in surprise. In the middle of Sven's recollection of his own party, were details of one of his father's childhood parties! Sven's memory illustrates the concept of __________. • A) priming • B) implicit memory • C) confabulation • D) decay • E) amnesia
2) Eduardo is walking across campus on his way to the school's costume party. He is wearing a silly gorilla suit. Eduardo sees one of his friends and plays a practical joke on him! What phenomenon does this illustrate? • A) just-world hypothesis • B) diffusion of responsibility • C) deindividuation • D) groupthink • E) entrapment
3) Lucas is making his way across a busy campus between classes. He notices smoke coming from the side of the cafeteria but figures that someone already called the fire department. What phenomenon does this illustrate? • A) just-world hypothesis • B) diffusion of responsibility • C) deindividuation • D) groupthink • E) cognitive dissonance
4) Memory is like: • A) a wax tablet. • B) a giant file cabinet that retrieves information accurately as long as it is well-organized. • C) a video camera. • D) watching unconnected movie frames and figuring out what the movie is about. • E) watching a television show without commercials.
5) Mr. Ward is finding that his third grade students often misspell the words "receive", "piece" and "neighbour". He teaches them the mnemonic, "I before E, except after C, or when sounded like A, as in neighbour or weigh". Mr. Ward is hoping that when his students write stories, they will: • A) have categorized all the words with "ie" or "ei" appropriately in long-term memory. • B) hear these words stored in the auditory subsystem of sensory memory as they write. • C) retrieve this mnemonic from long-term memory into short-term memory for temporary use. • D) retain a visual image of "ie" and "ei" words based on this mnemonic. • E) have already memorized the "ie" and "ei" words with visual images.
6) Which of the following would be among Patty's semantic memories? • A) knowing that her wedding gown had a train • B) knowing that her four siblings were members of the wedding party • C) knowing that Joe proposed to her just after midnight on an April evening • D) knowing that it is appropriate to stand when the bride walks down the aisle • E) knowing that her marriage will last a life time
7) When one-year-old Olivia is placed on an ambiguous visual cliff, she looks at her mom's reassuring face. Olivia is most likely to: • A) smile back at mom, but refuse to cross. • B) cross the cliff. • C) begin crying. • D) lift her arms to be held. • E) wait for verbal promptings.
8) Which of the following outcomes would be most likely after a German-American business session? • A) The Germans will complain that the Americans are too cold and aloof. • B) The Germans will complain that the Americans hide their real feelings behind a smile. • C) The Americans will complain that the Germans smile too much when hiding embarrassment. • D) The Americans will complain that the Germans are excessively cheerful. • E) The Germans will complain that the Americans are more expressive than Canadians.
9) Evan wants to earn a black belt in karate. Which way of thinking is most likely to help Evan reach his goal? • A) "I should make sure I don't lose any matches." • B) "I will set specific goals that I know I can reach easily." • C) "I will set specific goals that are tough but attainable." • D) "I will try not to fool around when I should be practicing." • E) "I will set specific goals that increase in complexity over time."
10) Ayla wants to earn money in summer but also wants to relax with friends. This conflict is called a/n: • A) approach-approach conflict. • B) approach-avoidance conflict. • C) avoidance-avoidance conflict. • D) multiple approach-avoidance conflict. • E) potential-approach conflict.
11) As soon as Allison walked onto the beach, Gary knew it was destiny that had led him to vacation in the Bahamas. Their sexual excitement was hotter than the sand, and before vacation's end, they were married. According to the triangle theory of love, their relationship has which of the following components? • A) passion and intimacy • B) infatuation and passion • C) intimacy and commitment • D) passion and commitment • E) passion and emotion
12) Catherine has the conviction that she can do what she set out to do, whether it is mastering a new skill or reaching her goal to become a U.S. citizen. Psychologists call this feeling of competence: • A) a performance goal. • B) drive. • C) self-efficacy. • D) the need for achievement. • E) self-fulfilling prophecy.
Answers • 1) C • 2) C • 3) B • 4) D • 5) C • 6) D • 7) B • 8) B • 9) C • 10) A • 11) D • 12) C