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National Knowledge Commission 2009

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  1. National Knowledge Commission2009 National Knowledge Commission Government of India

  2. The National Knowledge Commission (NKC) was constituted as an advisory body to the Prime Minister to help restructure knowledge related institutions and infrastructure to meet the challenges of the 21st Century with a focus on meeting the aspirations of the 550 million young in an increasingly global knowledge society Vision National Knowledge Commission Government of India

  3. Organization PM NKC CHAIRMAN PLANNING COMMISSION MINISTRIES / STATES MEMBERS SUPPORT STAFF National Knowledge Commission Government of India

  4. Commission Members • Mr. Sam Pitroda (Chairman) • Prof. P. Balaram • Dr. Ashok Ganguly • Prof. Jayati Ghosh • Dr. Deepak Nayyar • Mr. Nandan Nilekani • Dr. Sujatha Ramdorai • Prof. Amitabh Mattoo National Knowledge Commission Government of India

  5. Advisors • Mr. S. Regunathan • Dr. Kiran Datar • Dr. Kumud Bansal • Mr. C.N.S. Nair National Knowledge Commission Government of India

  6. Methodology Identify focus areas/target groups Consultations – formal and informal Background research and analysis Constitution of Working Groups Internal deliberations of NKC Finalization of recommendations Submission to PM in the form of letter to PM Widespread dissemination Implementation National Knowledge Commission Government of India

  7. Knowledge Pentagon Access Services Concepts Application Creation National Knowledge Commission Government of India

  8. Focus Areas (I) ACCESS • Literacy • Translation • Libraries • Language • Networks • Portals CONCEPTS- EDUCATION • School • Vocational • Higher • Professional • Open and Distance • More Talented Students in Maths and Science • More Quality Ph.Ds National Knowledge Commission Government of India

  9. Focus Areas (II) CREATION • Innovation & Entrepreneurship • Intellectual Property Rights • Science & Technology APPLICATION • Traditional Knowledge • Agriculture • Small & Medium Scale Enterprises SERVICES • e-Governance National Knowledge Commission Government of India

  10. Access Challenges Development Concepts Services Knowledge Pentagon Demography NKC Strategy Disparity Applications Creation Knowledge Network Libraries School Education Vocational Education Higher Education Innovation Agriculture Health e-Governance National Knowledge Commission Government of India

  11. School Education Recommendations National Knowledge Commission Government of India

  12. School Education • Central legislation for the Right to Education backed by financial commitment: • NKC endorses the speedy enactment of a central legislation that will ensure the right of all children in the country to good quality school education up to Class VIII. • This should be supported with financial commitments of the central and state governments. National Knowledge Commission Government of India

  13. School Education • More Flexibility in Disbursal of Funds: • NKC strongly recommends a system of funds transfer and accounting that will allow for regional and other differences. • There should also be greater flexibility in disbursing funds down to the school level and a greater degree of autonomy of local level management in the use of funds. • Decentralization and Greater Local Autonomy: • Community Participation should be enhanced to ensure accountability. • Management of schools, including use of funds should be decentralized to local authorities as far as possible. National Knowledge Commission Government of India

  14. School Education • Expansion of Functional Literacy: • Illiteracy remains a major problem, even among the age-group 15-35 years, and therefore literacy programmes must be expanded. • Focus of theses programmes should be directed towards improving life skills and meeting felt needs, especially (but not only) among the youth. • Planning for School Infrastructure: • Urban master plans and local development plans must explicitly incorporate the physical requirements for schooling, including provisions for playgrounds and other school facilities. National Knowledge Commission Government of India

  15. School Education • Enabling and Regulation Mechanisms for Private Schools: • There should be transparent, norm-based and straightforward procedures for the recognition of private schools. • There should also be transparent criteria as for the disbursement of aid from the government to some self-financing schools, and clear norms with respect to the ability of school managements to raise resources from other sources. • Attention should be paid to monitoring of private schools, in terms of ensuring a transparent admissions process, regulation of fee structures, as well as meeting minimum set standards for quality. • Database on School Education: • It is necessary to create a complete database on schools and school-age children so as to track the actual coverage and quality of schooling at different levels. National Knowledge Commission Government of India

  16. School Education • More co-ordination between departments: • There must be greater co-ordination between different departments of government on school education policy, even while ensuring more autonomy to the local management of schools. • National Evaluation Body for Monitoring Quality: • NKC has proposed a national evaluation body to monitor the quality of both government and private schools, using a results-based monitoring framework based on a short list of monitorable criteria that include both process and outcome indicators. National Knowledge Commission Government of India

  17. School Education • Revamping School Inspection: • The system of school inspection needs to be revamped and revitalised, with a greater role for local stakeholders and greater transparency in the system. • Teachers and Teacher Training: • Provide more incentives for qualified and committed teachers. • Non-teaching official duties such as electoral activities should not be allowed to interfere with the teaching process. • Forums that allow and encourage teachers to exchange ideas, information and experiences, including a web-based portal, should be developed. • Pre-service training needs to be improved and differently regulated in both public and private institutions. • Systems for in-service training require expansion and major reform that allows for greater flexibility. National Knowledge Commission Government of India

  18. School Education • Reforms in the Curriculum and Examination System: • School education must be made more relevant to the lives of children. • Need to move away from rote-learning to understanding concepts, developing good comprehension and communication skills and learning how to access knowledge independently. • This also requires substantial changes in the examination system. • Use of ICT: • Wherever feasible, ICT should be made more accessible to teachers, students and administration for learning, training, research, administration, management, monitoring, etc. National Knowledge Commission Government of India

  19. School Education • English Language Teaching: • Introduce English, along with the first language, from Class I. • This requires pedagogical changes to contextualise language learning, increasing the availability of English language teachers and providing more bilingual and supplementary teaching materials. • Interventions to Ensure Access of Educationally Deprived Categories: • Special interventions are necessary to ensure greater access to education of educationally deprived categories, including girl students, SC/ST children, children from backward / remote areas, children of seasonal migrants, Muslim children and differently-abled children etc. National Knowledge Commission Government of India

  20. www.knowledgecommission.gov.inThank You National Knowledge Commission Government of India