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Napoleon PowerPoint Presentation

Napoleon

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Napoleon

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Napoleon

  2. Early Life • Born (1769) in Corsica to poor family • Character traits from the Enlightenment • Creative, scientific, non-traditional, liberal

  3. “The truest conquests, the only ones that give rise to no regrets, are those gained over ignorance. The most honorable as well as the most useful activity of nations is to contribute to the advancement of human knowledge. The real strength of the French Republic should henceforth lie in its determination to possess every new idea, without a single exception.” — Napoleon Bonaparte (upon his election to the National Institute of France)

  4. The Wars • Joined French artillery • Appointed commander at Toulon (1793) • British ships destroyed • Appointed general • Counter-revolution (1795) • "Whiff of Grapeshot" • Commander of small army (1796-1797) in Italy • Defeat of 4 armies in Austria • 1st coalition collapsed • Hero status • Military strategy (reserve, timing) • Egypt invaded (1798) • 2nd coalition formed (1799-1801) • Napoleon returned to France

  5. – Napoleon, quoted in Thorpe, Scott, How to Think Like Einstein, Barnes & Noble Books, Inc., 2000, p.167. "A man will fight harder for his interests than for his rights."

  6. First Consul (1799-1804) • Directory wanted stronger government • "Confidence from below, authority from above." – Abbé Sieyès • Defeated 2nd coalition • Napoleon tried to copy Caesar Augustus

  7. "I closed the gulf of anarchy and brought order out of chaos. I rewarded merit regardless of birth or wealth, wherever I found it. I abolished feudalism and restored equality to all regardless of religion and before the law. I fought the decrepit monarchies of the Old Regime because the alternative was the destruction of all this. I purified the Revolution.“ – Napoleon Bonaparte

  8. Domestic Policy as First Consul • Code of Napoleon • Bank of France • Centralized state government • Relations with Catholic Church • Education system • Support of science

  9. Emperor (1804-1814) • French senate made him their emperor • Disappointment for some • Attempts to increase presence in America • Territorial expansion and war • 3rd Coalition (1805-1807) • Establishing an empire • Spain • Blockade of England • Trafalgar • Austerlitz • 3rd Coalition ends • 4th Coalition (1806-1807) • Confederation of the Rhine

  10. Napoleon's Coronation– Jacques Louis David

  11. Defeat – 5th Coalition (1809-1815) • Russian campaign • 1812 • Lost 400,000 men • Abdicated in 1814 and sent to Elba

  12. The Hundred Days (1815) • Escape from Elba • King Louis XVIII fled France • Ruled for short period • Battle of Waterloo • Sent to St. Helena • 1840—Napoleon’s remains moved to Paris

  13. Congress of Vienna • Restructuring Europe after Napoleon • Conference in Vienna • 6 heads of states • Guiding principles • Legitimacy • Restore boundaries • Hedge-in France

  14. Thank You