maine comprehensive research development evaluation innovation index overview findings l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Maine Comprehensive Research & Development Evaluation & Innovation Index Overview & Findings PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Maine Comprehensive Research & Development Evaluation & Innovation Index Overview & Findings

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 55

Maine Comprehensive Research & Development Evaluation & Innovation Index Overview & Findings - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 238 Views
  • Uploaded on

Maine Comprehensive Research & Development Evaluation & Innovation Index Overview & Findings Prepared for The Maine Economic Growth Council & Maine Development Foundation November 26 2007 Presented by Jim Damicis, Principal www.policyoneresearch.com Evaluation Overview

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Maine Comprehensive Research & Development Evaluation & Innovation Index Overview & Findings' - Audrey


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
maine comprehensive research development evaluation innovation index overview findings

Maine Comprehensive Research & Development Evaluation& Innovation IndexOverview & Findings

Prepared for The Maine Economic Growth Council & Maine Development Foundation

November 26 2007

Presented by Jim Damicis, Principal

www.policyoneresearch.com

evaluation overview
Evaluation Overview
  • Legislatively mandated evaluation. (5 MSRA §13108) started in 2001and done annually since
  • Done in parallel with the MTI evaluation (same survey instrument)
  • Done in accordance to detailed evaluation plan updated in 2006-07 & tied to the State’s Science & Technology Action Plan
  • Managed by the Maine Office of Innovation and Conducted under contract with PolicyOne Research www.maineinnovation.com

www.policyoneresearch.com

evaluation purpose 5 key questions
Evaluation Purpose: 5-key questions
  • Has Maine’s public investment in R&D stimulated & sustained consistent, competitive growth in Maine’s economy?
  • Has Maine’s investment in public & private university R&D led to increased research capacity; the development of an educated, technically skilled workforce; & increased commercialization of university technologies?

www.policyoneresearch.com

evaluation purpose 5 key questions con t
Evaluation Purpose: 5-key questions con’t
  • Are Maine’s investments in nonprofit research institutions broadening their impact on Maine’s economy?
  • Is Maine fostering the growth of research-intensive companies, increasing private sector R&D activity, & building a technology-based entrepreneurial community?
  • To what extent are these investments increasing the competitiveness of Maine in its key strategic technology & industry areas?

www.policyoneresearch.com

evaluation includes the programs
Evaluation Includes the Programs:
  • Maine Technology Institute
  • Applied Technology Development Center’s
  • Center for Law and Innovation - Maine Patent Program
  • Small Enterprise Growth Fund
  • Seed Capital Tax Credit Program
  • Maine Biomedical Research Fund
  • Maine Marine Research Fund
  • State EPSCoR Matching Funds
  • State R&D bonds
  • State R&D funding to the university system

www.policyoneresearch.com

evaluation methods
Evaluation Methods
  • Annual Web survey of all recipients of support from Maine’s R&D related programs (recipients are surveyed for 5 years following award/service)
    • Company & individual survey
    • Research institution survey
  • Case studies – subject matter changes annually
  • Innovation Index – annual statewide indicator trends and benchmarks report

www.policyoneresearch.com

evaluation major findings 2006 07
Evaluation Major Findings 2006-07
  • Maine’s investment has contributed to consistent growth in Maine’s economy and has increased competitiveness related to other states.
  • Private sector recipients report higher job growth and much higher average wages than the Maine economy as a whole.
  • The state investments have helped the universities build their research capacity and contribute to an educated workforce. But, results have diminished over time.

www.policyoneresearch.com

evaluation major findings 2006 078
Evaluation Major Findings 2006-07
  • Some university centers such as AEWC work extremely well with industry, but other measures of technology transfer are low compared to national averages (except spin-off companies).
  • The nonprofit research institutions have limited interaction with the private, research-intensive companies in the state and extremely limited formal technology transfer.
  • The net effect has been to increase the university and non-profit share of R&D in the state, while the private sector share of R&D has gone down.

www.policyoneresearch.com

recommendations 2006 07
Recommendations 2006-07
  • Maine needs to accelerate its investment in R&D to meet the goal of $1 billion in R&D by 2010 and to improve its relative position in the innovation economy.
  • Future investments should include a larger percentage for programs that support the private sector.
  • Future R&D investments should require more commercialization outcomes from university and non-profit-performed R&D.

www.policyoneresearch.com

evaluation 2007 08 process
Evaluation 2007-08 Process
  • Private sector and institution survey completed and results being tabulated
  • Most indicators have updated for Innovation Index
  • Case study being conducted on understanding, measuring and growing private R&D in Maine
  • Reports to be issued by February 01, 2007 and presented to Governor, Legislature, Stakeholders

www.policyoneresearch.com

maine innovation index overview
Maine Innovation Index Overview
  • Compilation of 24 indicators & related sub indicators measuring Maine’s:
    • Research and Development Capacity
    • Innovation Capacity
    • Employment & Output Capacity
    • Education Capacity
    • Connectivity Capacity
  • Maine is compared to US, New England, and other EPSCoR states
  • Trends are tracked over a 10-year period and most current year available

www.policyoneresearch.com

importance of innovation
Importance of Innovation
  • Innovate America, Council of Competitiveness, 2004 describes innovations as:
    • “intersection of invention and insight, leading to the creation of social and economic value”
    • “innovation is “the single most important factor in determining America’s success through the 21st Century. It will drive productivity, standard of living, and leadership in the global economy”

www.policyoneresearch.com

defining innovation
Defining Innovation
  • “the development and adoption of new products, processes, and business models” - State New Economy Index 2007, Information Technology and Innovation Foundation & Kaufman Foundation

www.policyoneresearch.com

innovation index types of indicators
Innovation Index Types of Indicators
  • Input Measures - “raw materials” essential to the growth of Maine’s innovation economy. Examples: R&D spending, education attainment, venture capital investments, and Internet connectivity
  • Output Measures – Tell us how Maine’s innovation economy is performing and the degree to which inputs are starting to lead to desired outputs and outcomes. Examples include: patents issued, technology-business establishments, and technology employment.
  • End Outcome: Higher incomes and better quality of life for Maine Citizens

www.policyoneresearch.com

r d capacity indicators
R&D Capacity Indicators
  • Total R&D Performance
  • Industry R&D Performance
  • Academic R&D Performance
  • Not-for-Profit Laboratory R&D Performance
  • Federal R&D Obligations
  • State R&D Investments

www.policyoneresearch.com

maine s financial commitment
Maine’s Financial Commitment

www.policyoneresearch.com

maine s r d capacity
Maine’s R&D Capacity

www.policyoneresearch.com

maine s r d capacity18
Maine’s R&D Capacity

www.policyoneresearch.com

maine s r d capacity19
Maine’s R&D Capacity

www.policyoneresearch.com

maine s r d capacity20
Maine’s R&D Capacity

www.policyoneresearch.com

maine s r d capacity21
Maine’s R&D Capacity

www.policyoneresearch.com

innovation capacity indicators
Innovation Capacity Indicators
  • SBIR/STTR Funding
  • Venture Capital Investments
  • Patents Issued

www.policyoneresearch.com

maine s innovation capacity
Maine’s Innovation Capacity

www.policyoneresearch.com

maine s innovation capacity24
Maine’s Innovation Capacity

www.policyoneresearch.com

employment output capacity indicators
Employment & Output CapacityIndicators
  • High Technology Employment - % Change
  • High Technology Business Establishments - % Change
  • S&E Occupations in the Workforce
  • Ph.D. Scientists and Engineers in the Labor Force
  • Gross State Product - % Change
  • Per Capita Income

www.policyoneresearch.com

maine s employment capacity
Maine’s Employment Capacity

www.policyoneresearch.com

maine s employment capacity27
Maine’s Employment Capacity

www.policyoneresearch.com

education capacity indicators
Education Capacity Indicators
  • Math Skills of 8th Grade Students
  • Science Skills of 8th Grade Students
  • Higher Education Enrollment among Young People – Chance for College by Age 19
  • Science and Engineering Graduate Enrollments
  • Science and Engineering Degrees Awarded
  • Education Attainment - % of Population 25 and Older with Bachelor’s Degree or More

www.policyoneresearch.com

maine s education capacity
Maine’s Education Capacity

www.policyoneresearch.com

maine s education capacity30
Maine’s Education Capacity

www.policyoneresearch.com

connectivity capacity indicators
Connectivity Capacity Indicators
  • Household Connectivity
  • High Speed Internet Access
  • Classroom Connectivity

www.policyoneresearch.com

maine s connectivity capacity
Maine’s Connectivity Capacity

www.policyoneresearch.com

maine s connectivity capacity33
Maine’s Connectivity Capacity

www.policyoneresearch.com

major conclusions innovation index
Major ConclusionsInnovation Index
  • Maine has made past progress at advancing its innovation driven economy
  • However, many indicators point to Maine being at risk of losing ground

www.policyoneresearch.com

sources for additional indicators
Sources for Additional Indicators
  • State New Economy Index, Information Technology and Innovation Foundation & Kaufman Foundation
  • Kaufman Entrepreneurial Index, Kaufman Foundation
  • Development Report Card for the States, Corporation for Enterprise Development
  • State Technology and Science Index, Milken Institute
  • The Dynamics of Technology Based Economic Development, Technology Administration, Office of Technology Policy (defunct)
  • Science and Engineering Indicators, National Science Foundation
  • Tech-based Economic Development Resource Center, State Science & Technology Institute

www.policyoneresearch.com

state new economy index
State New Economy Index
  • 2007 version produced by
    • The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF) (www.innovationpolicy.org)
    • The Kauffman Foundation (www.kauffman.org)
  • Indicator Categories with Data and Rankings for each State
    • Knowledge Jobs
    • Economic Dynamism
    • Globalization
    • The Digital Economy
    • Innovation Capacity

www.policyoneresearch.com

state new economy index37
KNOWLEDGE JOBS

Information Technology Jobs

Managerial, Professional, and Technical Jobs

Workforce Education

Immigration of Knowledge Workers

Manufacturing Value-Added

High-Wage Traded Services

ECONOMIC DYNAMISM

“Gazelle” Jobs

Job Churning

Fastest Growing Firms

Initial Public Offerings

Entrepreneurial Activity

Inventor Patents

GLOBALIZATION

Export Focus of Manufacturing and Services

Foreign Direct Investment

Package Exports

THE DIGITAL ECONOMY

Online Population

Internet Domain Names

Technology in Schools

E-Government

Online Agriculture

Broadband Telecommunications

INNOVATION CAPACITY

High-Tech Jobs

Scientists and Engineers

Patents

Industry Investment in R&D

Venture Capital

STATE NEW ECONOMY INDEX

www.policyoneresearch.com

kaufman entrepreneurial index
Kaufman Entrepreneurial Index
  • Produced by The Kauffman Foundation (www.kauffman.org)
  • Based on new business creation
  • Indicator Measurement: percent of the population of adult non-business owners who start a business

www.policyoneresearch.com

development report card for the states
Development Report Card for the States
  • Produced annually by Corporation for Enterprise Development (CFED) (www.cfed.org)
  • 67 measures organized into a three-index framework with data and rankings for each State (includes traditional economic and community development and “new economy” indicators)
    • Performance - "How well is the state's economy providing opportunities for employment, income, and an improving quality of life?"
    • Business Vitality - "How dynamic are the state's large and small businesses?"
    • Development Capacity - "What is the state's capacity for future development?"

www.policyoneresearch.com

development report card for the states indicators related to innovation
Strength of Traded Sector

New Companies

Job Creation by Start-Up Businesses

Technology Industry Employment

Initial Public Offerings

Venture Capital Investments

PhD Scientists and Engineers

Graduate Students in Science and Engineering

Broadband Access

Academic Research and Development

Federal Research and Development

Private Research and Development

SBIR Grants

Royalties and Licenses

Patents Issued

Business Created Via University R&D

Development Report Card for the StatesIndicators Related to Innovation

www.policyoneresearch.com

state technology and science index
State Technology and Science Index
  • Produced by Milken Institute (www.milkeninstitute.org). Last done in 2004
  • 75 indicators in five categories to measure how well a state will perform in today’s knowledge-based economy.
    • Research and development inputs;
    • Risk capital and entrepreneurial infrastructure;
    • Human capital investment;
    • Technology and science workforce; and
    • Technology concentration and dynamism.

www.policyoneresearch.com

state technology and science index42
R&D Inputs

Federal R&D

Industry R &D

Academic R&D

National Science Foundation Funding

National Science Foundation Research Funding , Percent

R&D Expenditures on Engineering

R&D Expenditures on Phys Sciences

R&D Expenditures on Environ Sciences

R&D Expenditures on Math & Comp Sci

R&D Expenditures on Life Sciences

R&D Expenditures on Agricultural Sciences

R&D Expenditures on Biomedical Sciences

Average Annual # of STTR Awards

STTR Awards (Award Dollars)

SBIR Awards SBIR Awards per 10,000 Business Establishments (Phase I)

SBIR Awards per 10,000 Business Establishments (Phase I)

Competitive NSF Proposals Funding Rate

Risk Capital & Infrastructure

Total Venture Capital Investment Growth

# of Companies Receiving VC Investment

Venture Capital Investment

Average Annual SBIC Funds Disbursed

Number of Business Incubators

Patents Issued

Number of Business Starts

IPO Proceeds

State Technology and Science Index

www.policyoneresearch.com

state technology and science index43
Human Capital Investment

Bachelor's Degree or Greater

Advanced Degree or Greater

PhD Degrees

Number of Students in Science & Engineering

State Spending on Student Aid

Average Verbal SAT Scores

Average Math SAT Scores

Average ACT Scores

State Appropriations for Higher Education (per Capita)

State Appropriations for Higher Education (percent Change)

Number of Doctoral Scientists

Number of Doctoral Engineers

Number of Science & Engineering PhDs Awarded

# of Science & Engineering Post doctorates Awarded

% of Bachelor's Degrees Granted in Sci & Eng

Recent Bachelor's Degrees in Sci or Eng

Recent Master's Degrees in Sci or Eng

Recent PhDs in Sci or Eng

Households With Computers

Households With Internet Access

State Technology and Science Index

www.policyoneresearch.com

state technology and science index44
Technology & Science Workforce

Intensity of Computer & Information Scientists

Intensity of Computer Programmers

Intensity of Software Engineers

Intensity of Computer Support Specialists

Intensity of Computer Systems Analysts

Intensity of Database & Network Administrators

Intensity of Agricultural & Food Scientists

Intensity of Biochemists and Biophysicists

Intensity of Microbiologists

Intensity of Medical Scientists

Intensity of Physicists

Intensity of Other Life, Phys Occupations

Intensity of Electronics Engineers

Intensity of Electrical Engineers

Intensity of Computer Hardware Engineers

Intensity of Biomedical Engineers

Intensity of Agricultural Engineers

Intensity of Other Engineers

Technology Concentration

Percent of Establishments in High-Tech SIC Codes

Percent of Employment in High-Tech SIC Codes

Percent of Payroll in High-Tech SIC Codes

Percent of Establishment Births in High-Tech SIC Codes

Net Formation of High-Tech Establishments

Number of Technology Fast 500 Companies

High-Tech industries (Average Yearly Growth)

Number of High-Tech Industries Growing Faster than U.S.

Number of High-Tech Industries With LQs Higher Than 1.0

Number of Inc. 500 Companies

State Technology and Science Index

www.policyoneresearch.com

the dynamics of technology based economic development
The Dynamics of Technology Based Economic Development
  • Produced annually by the Federal Technology Administration, Office of Technology Policy, 200-2003. (www.technology.gov)
  • No defunct, but past reports provide good list of indicators and sources of data

www.policyoneresearch.com

the dynamics of technology based economic development46
Total Performed R&D Expenditures

Industry-performed R&D Expenditures

Federally Performed R&D Expenditures

University-performed R&D Expenditures

Federal R&D Obligations

SBIR Awards

SBIR Award Dollars

STTR Awards

STTR Award Dollars

Mathematics Test Scores

High School Completion Percent with a Bachelor’s Degree

Associate’s Degrees Granted

Bachelor’s Degrees Granted

Percent of Bachelor’s Degrees in S&E

S&E Graduate Students

Computer Specialists in the Work Force Life & Physical Scientists in the Work Force

Engineers in the Work Force

Recent S&E Bachelor’s in the Work Force

Recent S&E Ph.D.’s in the Work Force

Venture Capital

SBIC Funds

IPO Funds

Business Incubators

High-technology Establishments

High-technology Employment

High-technology Payroll

High-technology Establishment Births

Net High-technology Business Formations

U.S. Patents

Technology Fast 500 Companies

Inc. 500 Companies

Average Annual Pay

Population Above Poverty

Per Capita Income

Labor Force Participation

Work Force Employment

The Dynamics of Technology Based Economic Development

www.policyoneresearch.com

science and engineering indicators
Science and Engineering Indicators
  • Produced annually by the National Science Foundation (www.nsf.gov)
  • Includes 42 indicators group into the following categories:
    • Elementary and Secondary Education
    • Higher Education
    • Workforce
    • Financial Research and Development Inputs
    • Research and Development Outputs
    • Science and Technology in the Economy

www.policyoneresearch.com

science and engineering indicators48
Elementary and Secondary Education

Fourth grade mathematics performance

Fourth grade mathematics proficiency

Fourth grade science performance

Fourth grade science proficiency

Eighth grade mathematics performance

Eighth grade mathematics proficiency

Eighth grade science performance

Eighth grade science proficiency

Elementary and secondary public school current expenditures as share of gross state product

Current expenditures per pupil for elementary and secondary public schools

Share of public high school students taking Advanced Placement Exam

Share of public high school students scoring 3 or higher on at least one Advanced Placement Exam

Higher Education

Bachelor's degrees conferred per 1,000 18–24-year-olds

Bachelor's degrees in natural sciences and engineering conferred per 1,000 individuals 18–24 years old

S&E degrees as share of higher education degrees conferred

S&E graduate students per 1,000 25–34-year-olds

Advanced S&E degrees as share of S&E degrees conferred

Average undergraduate charge at public 4-year institutions

State expenditures on student aid per full-time undergraduate student

Science and Engineering Indicators

www.policyoneresearch.com

science and engineering indicators49
Workforce

Bachelor's degree holders as share of workforce

Individuals in S&E occupations as share of workforce

S&E doctorate holders as share of workforce

Engineers as share of workforce

Life and physical scientists as share of workforce

Computer specialists as share of workforce

Financial Research and Development Inputs

R&D as share of gross state product

Federal R&D obligations per civilian worker

Federal R&D obligations per individual in S&E occupation

Industry-performed R&D as share of private-industry output

Academic R&D per $1,000 of gross state product

Science and Engineering Indicators

www.policyoneresearch.com

science and engineering indicators50
Research and Development Outputs

S&E doctorate conferred per 1,000 S&E doctorate holders

Academic article output per 1,000 S&E doctorate holders in academia

Academic article output per $1 Million of academic R&D

Academic patents awarded per 1,000 S&E doctorate holders in academia

Patents awarded per 1,000 individuals in S&E occupations

Science and Technology in the Economy

High-technology share of all business establishments

Net high-technology business formations as share of all business establishments

Employment in high-technology establishments as share of total employment

Average SBIR program award dollars per $1 million of gross state product

Venture capital disbursed per $1,000 of gross state product

Venture capital deals as share of high-technology business establishments

Venture capital disbursed per venture capital deal

Science and Engineering Indicators

www.policyoneresearch.com

state science technology institute
State Science & Technology Institute
  • National Non- profit entity that: “leads, supports, and strengthens efforts to improve state and regional economies through science, technology, and innovation (www.ssti.org)
  • Runs the Web-based “Tech-Based Economic Development Resource Center” that provides access to more than 4,000 reports on TBED

www.policyoneresearch.com

why the maine economic growth council may want to add additional innovation indicators
Why The Maine Economic Growth Council May Want to Add Additional Innovation Indicators
  • Provide insight and benchmarks for Maine’s potential “new economy”
  • Link and align Maine’s past and current economy with “new economy”

www.policyoneresearch.com

issues to consider when selecting indicators
Issues to Consider When Selecting Indicators
  • What it is you want to know
  • Cost of gathering data
  • Availability of data over time
  • Availability of data for geographic comparisons
  • How do you intend to use the data

www.policyoneresearch.com

about policyone research
About PolicyOne Research

PolicyOne specializes in research and analysis to support action in the areas of:

  • Economic and Community Development
  • Technology and Innovation Based Economic Development
  • Program and Service Planning & Evaluation
  • Fiscal, Economic, & Demographic Analysis

www.policyoneresearch.com

for more information
For More Information

Jim Damicis

PolicyOne Research

Phone: 207-831-1061

Email: jim@policyoneresearch.com

www.policyoneresearch.com