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ISSUES OF RACE AND ETHNICITY WHY DO YOU KEEP BRINGING UP THIS “RACE” ISSUE?!?! RACE SHARED BIOLOGICALLY TRANSMITTED TRAITS DEEMED “SOCIALLY SIGNIFICANT” CAUCASIAN: LIGHT SKIN, FINE HAIR NEGROID: DARKER SKIN, COARSE HAIR MONGOLOID: BROWN SKIN, DISTINCTIVE EYES ETHNICITY

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slide2

WHY DO YOU KEEP

BRINGING UP THIS

“RACE” ISSUE?!?!

  • RACE
    • SHARED BIOLOGICALLY TRANSMITTED TRAITS DEEMED “SOCIALLY SIGNIFICANT”
      • CAUCASIAN: LIGHT SKIN, FINE HAIR
      • NEGROID: DARKER SKIN, COARSE HAIR
      • MONGOLOID: BROWN SKIN, DISTINCTIVE EYES
  • ETHNICITY
    • SHARED CULTURAL HERITAGE
      • DIVERSITY IN AMERICA: IS IT CELEBRATED?
  • RACE, ETHNICITY, AND ASSIMILATION
    • THOSE CONSIDERED MOST DIFFERENT FROM THE DOMINANT RACE AND ETHNICITY WILL HAVE DIFFICULTY IN ASSIMILATING
in the year 2050
In the Year 2050

DEMOGRAPHICS of the United States

1990 *

WHITE 80% OF POPULATION

  • BLACK 12%
  • HISPANIC 9%
  • ASIAN 3%

2050

WHITE 53% OF POPULATION

  • HISPANIC 21%
  • BLACK 16%
  • ASIAN 10%

* Percentages taken from previous slide

slide5
DOMINANT RACIAL GROUP
    • WHITE AMERICA
      • THE RACIAL GROUP THAT HAS WITHIN ITS POWER THE ABILITY TO EXPLOIT AND CONTROL OTHER GROUPS, EVEN IN THE FACE OF RESISTANCE
      • THOSE IN A PLACE OF SOCIAL ADVANTAGE
    • WHITE PRIVILEGE
      • THE FACT THAT WHITES, BY VIRTURE OF THEIR RACIAL IDENTITY, RECEIVE SPECIAL CONSIDERATION IN ALMOST ALL FACETS OF SOCIAL LIFE
slide6

WE SURE DO

SHARE A LOT

IN COMMON!

  • GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
    • SHARE A “DISTINCT IDENTITY”
      • RACE, SEX, SEXUAL ORIENTATION, THE POOR
    • SUBORDINATION
      • OFTEN SADDLED WITH LOWER STATUS
      • STEREOTYPES, STIGMA, AND LABELING
    • GROUP SIZE (NUMBERS)
      • WOMEN IN AMERICA OUTNUMBER MEN
      • BLACKS IN SOUTH AFRICA OUTNUMBER WHITES
slide7

(30.9% live in poverty)

(33.1% live in poverty)

(14.0% live in poverty)

(25.0% live in poverty)

understanding prejudice a few basic terms must be understood
UNDERSTANDING PREJUDICEA FEW BASIC TERMS MUST BE UNDERSTOOD

AND IF YOU

GUYS STOP

SINGING, THE

DOG GETS TO

CHASE YOU!

  • PREJUDICE
    • NEGATIVE, RIGID, AND IRRATIONAL GENERALIZATION ABOUT AN ENTIRE GROUP OF PEOPLE
  • STEREOTYPING
    • A PREJUDICED DESCRIPTION OF AN ENTIRE CATEGORY OF PEOPLE
slide9
COGNITIVE LEVEL
    • THE IDEA OR THOUGHT
      • JEWISH PEOPLE ARE GREEDY
  • EMOTIONAL LEVEL
    • ATTACHING FEELINGS TO IDEA
      • LEARNING TO FEEL ANGER TOWARDS WHITES
  • ACTION-ORIENTATION LEVEL
    • PREDISPOSITION TO ACT
      • MORE LIKELY TO VERBALLY OR PHYSICALLY ATTACK A TARGETTED GROUP
slide10

A VERY POWERFUL AND DESTRUCTIVE FORM OF

PREJUDICE THAT REMAINS VERY MUCH ALIVE TODAY

  • THE BELIEF THAT ONE RACIAL CATEGORY IS INNATELY SUPERIOR OR INFERIOR TO ANOTHER
    • INDIVIDUAL RACISM
    • INSTITUTIONALIZED RACISM
  • RECALL WHAT RACE IS AND SEE THE IRRATIONAL THOUGHT PROCESS
    • THERE IS NO SUCH THING AS A “PURE RACE” THESE DAYS; A CONTINUUM
    • RACE IS BIOLOGICAL, BUT WHAT PEOPLE MAKE OF IT IS SOCIAL
slide11
SCAPEGOAT THEORY
    • BLAMING OTHERS FOR PERSONAL TROUBLES
    • TARGET SELECTION AND THEN AGGRESSION
  • AUTHORITARIAN PERSONALITY
    • THE “ARCHIE BUNKER” THEORY
  • CULTURE OF PREJUDICE
    • THE SOCIALIZATION EXPERIENCE
    • IT’S “NORMAL” FOR PEOPLE TO PREJUDGE OTHERS
  • CONFLICT THEORY
    • SELF-JUSTIFICATION FOR THE RICH AND POWERFUL IN AMERICA
    • USE OF “RACE CARD” BY MINORITY GROUPS CAN LEAD TO “WHITE BACKLASH” MOVEMENTS
it s a matter of action not attitude
IT’S A MATTER OF ACTION, NOT ATTITUDE
  • VERBALIZATION
    • JOKES, COMMENTS, RACIAL SLURS
  • EXCLUSION
    • KEEPING PEOPLE MARGINAL
  • AVOIDANCE
    • NOT TRAVELING IN CERTAIN AREAS
  • PHYSICAL ABUSE
    • PHYSICAL ATTACKS
  • GENOCIDE
    • SYSTEMATIC KILLING OFF OF A GROUP
slide13

HOW ATTITUDES (PREJUDICES)

AND ACTIONS (DISCRIMINATION) WORK

TOGETHER TO CLASSIFY ALL PEOPLE

DISCRIMINATES?

YES

NO

ACTIVE

BIGOT

TIMID

BIGOT

YES

PREJUDICE?

ALL-

WEATHER

LIBERAL

FAIR-

WEATHER

LIBERAL

NO

slide14
PREJUDICE AND DISCRIMINATION BEGIN AS ETHNOCENTRIC ATTITUDES
  • AS A RESULT, GROUPS CAN BE PLACED IN A SITUATION WHERE THEY ARE SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED AND LABELED
  • A GROUP’S SITUATION, OVER TIME, IS THUS EXPLAINED AS A RESULT OF INNATE INFERIORITY RATHER THAN LOOKING AT THE SOCIAL STRUCTURE OF REASONS; THE CYCLE THEN REPEATS ITSELF
racial and ethnic groups
RACIAL AND ETHNIC GROUPS
  • NATIVE AMERICANS
    • AN AMERICAN STORY OF GROUP GENOCIDE
  • EURO AMERICANS
    • QUICKLY FORGOT WHY THEY HAD LEFT THEIR OWN COUNTRIES AND DENIED FREEDOM TO MANY GROUPS
  • AFRICAN AMERICANS
    • FORCED IMMIGRATION FOR LABOR
  • ASIAN AMERICANS
    • AMERICA’S “MODEL MINORITY GROUP”
  • HISPANIC AMERICANS
    • FACING MANY SOCIAL ILLS IN AMERICA
slide16

SOME FOLKS ARE LUCKY

ENOUGH TO GET BEYOND

THE SELF-IMPOSED

LIMITATIONS OF COLOR

  • PLURALSIM
    • DISTINCT GROUPS WITH PARITY
  • ASSIMILATION
    • ADOPTION OF MAJORITY GROUP CULTURE
    • INTERBREEDING
  • SEGREGATION
    • PHYSICAL AND SOCIAL DISTANCE
    • DE JURE AND DE FACTO SEGREGATION
  • GENOCIDE
    • ONE GROUP “KILLS OFF” ANOTHER GROUP
slide17

TWO KEY AREAS:

1) ENHANCE THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS

2) INCREASE MEANINGFUL SOCIAL CONTACT

  • EDUCATION
    • MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION
    • LEARN TO APPRECIATE DIVERSITY
  • MEANINGFUL CONTACT
    • DESIRE TO CHANGE
    • HONEST, SELF-CRITIQUE OF LIFESTYLE
    • PLAN FOR INCREASING SOCIAL CONTACT