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Introduction to Ayurveda Aditya Sharma, Ph.D., Clinical Ayurvedic Specialist Definition Ayurveda is the 5000 years old Indian system of Medicine. "Ayur" the word means " life ", "Veda" means " Knowledge ".

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Introduction to ayurveda aditya sharma ph d clinical ayurvedic specialist l.jpg

Introduction to AyurvedaAditya Sharma, Ph.D., Clinical Ayurvedic Specialist

Definition l.jpg

  • Ayurveda is the 5000 years old Indian system of Medicine.

  • "Ayur" the word means "life", "Veda" means "Knowledge".

  • Ayurveda (pronounced Aa-yer-vay-da), said to be a world medicine, is the most holistic or comprehensive medical system available.

  • It is a perfect Science of health and longevity. This holistic science is the knowledge of complete balance of the Body and Mind, including the emotions and psychology.

  • It includes in its consideration, longevity, rejuvenation and self-realization therapies through herbs, diet, exercise, yoga, massage, aromas, mantras, and meditation.

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The Five Elements The Organs of the Senses and their action

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Three Doshas (Constitutions)

  • Vata (Air + Ether)

  • Pitta (Fire + Water)

  • Kapha (Water + Earth)

    Seven type of constitution

  • Vata, Pitta, Kapha, Vata-Pitta, Pitta-kapha, Vata-Kapha, Pitta-Kapha

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Seven Dhatus (Construction elements)

The human body made of seven basic and vital tissues called

Dhatu. Sanskrit word Dhatu means “Construction element”

  • Rasa (Plasma) contains nutrients from digestive food and nourish all the tissues, organ and systems.

  • Rakta (blood) governs oxygenation in all tissues and vital organs.

  • Mamsa (muscle) covers the delicate vital organs, performs the movements of the joints and maintain physical strength.

  • Medas (fat) maintains the lubrication and oiliness of all the tissues

  • Asthi (bone) gives support to body structure

  • Majja (marrow and nerves) fills up the bone space and carry motor and sensory impulse.

  • Shukra and Artva (reproductive tissue)

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The Six Taste

Sweet:ReduceVata and Pitta and increase Kapha

Sour:ReduceVata and increase Pitta and Kapha

Salty: ReducesVata and increasePitta and kapha

Pungent:Reduces Kapha and increases Pitta and vata

Bitter:Reduces Pitta and Kapha andincrease Vata

Astringent: Reduces Pitta and Kaphaincrease Vata

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Ayurvedic Herbs

  • The science of Ayurveda is a unique holistic system, based on the interaction of body, mind and spirit.

  • Herbs are represent most effective Ayurvedic approach to healing illness.

  • Herbs used as decoction, infusions, teas, powers, tablets and capsules.

  • Herbs are classified according to which dosha the increase and decrease.

    Example of Treatment

    Decreasing a dosha is useful for a person of that body type, while an herb that

    increases one’s dosha will aggravate it.

    Example: a vata person will be helped by ginger, a warm herb, but irritated by

    Goldenseal, a dry, bitter herb. Because Vata person feels cold and dry.

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Medical Properties of Ayurvedic Herbs

  • The treatment of Ayurveda is totally based on natural herbs. Each herb has certain medicinal value or property.

  • Medicinal value of the plants mainly depends upon the season in which they are grown and collected.

  • Most of the Ayurvedic medicines are free from side effects or reactions.

  • Although efficacy of Ayurveda for a variety of human ailments is well known in and around India, most of the worldis not aware of the benefits that could be derived from this unique Indian system of medicine.

  • single herb may have multiple properties and one specific property may be present in many herbs.

  • Example:Guggle work with Circulatory, digestive, nervous, Joints and respiratory.

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Five Traditional Herbs Mixtures

  • TriphalaVPK = for all tridoshic disease, constipation, diarrhea, eye, cleansing or detoxing colon, good for Kapha conditions, gas, diabetics, parasites. Triphala Ingredients are Whole powdered fruits and/or herbal (fruit) extracts of Beleric myrobalan Bibhitaki, Chebulic myrobalan (Terminalia chebula) i.e. Haritaki, Emblic myrobalan Amalaki(Indian Gooseberry).

  • Trikatu VK-P+, for cold, flu, fevers, stimulates appetite, cough, congestion, for low Agni and Ama (toxins), detoxification. Ingredients areBlend of black pepper, long pepper, ginger

  • Sitopaladi VPK colds, flu, fevers, increase appetite. Ingredients are Blend of rock candy, bamboo manner, long pepper, cardamon, cinnamon

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4. Lavan Bhasker VK- P+ stimulates appetite, malabsorption. Ingredients are Salt, fennel, long pepper, long pepper root, black cumin, cinnamon leaf, mesua ferria, rhubarb root, pomegranite seeds, cinnamon, cardamon

5. Hingwastak VPK mainly Vata- , indigestion, bloating. Ingredients are Blend of asafoetida, ginger, black pepper, long pepper, rock salt, cumin, black cumin, ajwan seeds

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Ayurvedic Materia Medica

Amalaki (meaning: the nurse) (Emblica Officinalis)

  • Part used: Fruit,

  • Habitat: Himalayas, sea coasts, Kashmir,

  • Energetics: Mostly sour, but include all taste (expect salty) Cold, sweet VP- (K+ and Ama in excess), Tissues: All, increase Ojas

  • Systems: Circulatory, digestive, excretory

  • Action: Aphrodisiac, astringent, laxative, nutritive tonic, rejuvenative (for Pitta)

  • Uses: Highest source of Vitamin C (3,000 mg per fruit), for all pitta diseases, urinary condition, bleeding, anemia, liver, spleen weakness rebuild blood.

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Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna)

  • Part used: Bark

  • Energetics: Astringent, cold-sweet, VPK = V+

  • Tissues: Reproductive, plasma, blood

  • Systems: Digestive, circulatory, reproductive

  • Action: Cardiac, stimulate, rejuvenative, astringent, alterative

  • Uses: Best herb for heart disease (prevent and helps in the recovery of ), angina, heals heart tissue scars after surgery, bile, edema, diarrhea, malabsorption, heal tissue. Externally—ulcers, acne, skin disorders.

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Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera dunal)

It is also known as Vitality Of Horse.

  • Part used: Root

  • Habitat: This shrub is in Himalayas, 6,000 feet; common in Bombay, western India, sometime in Bengal

  • Energetics: Astrigent, Bitter, sweet-hot-sweet VK- P+

  • Tissues: Muscle, fat, bone, marrow/nerves, reproductive

  • Systems: Nervous, reproductive, repiratory

  • Action: Aphrodisiac, astringent, nervine, rejuvenate, sedative, tonic

  • Uses: AIDS, sexual disability, insomnia, overwork, known as Indian ginseng.

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Shatavari (Asparagus Racemonus)

SHATAVARI is the main Ayurvedic rejuvenative for the female.

Part Used: root Energetics: sweet, bitter/cooling/sweet PV- K+ (in excess) Tissue: works on all tissue-elements Systems: circulatory, reproductive, respiratory, digestive Actions: tonic (general, reproductive and nervine), nutritive, rejuvenative, demulcent, antacid

Shatavari, "who possesses a hundred husbands," as its tonic and

rejuvenative action on the female reproductive organs is said to give the

capacity to have a hundred husbands.

  • It both nourishes and cleanses the blood and supports the female reproductive functions.

  • Shatavari is recommended for PMS, Menopause and also helps maintain a healthy urinary tract and strengthens the immune system. 

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Neem (Azadiracta Indica)

Energetic: Bitter-cool-pungent PK- V+

Tissues: Plasma, Blood and Fat.

Systems: Circulatory, digestive, respiratory, urinary.

Parts Use: leaves, bark, root

Use: Arthritis, blood purifier and detoxifier, cough, diabetes, eczema, fever, obesity.

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Developing Formula

Chief Herb: The chief herb is whose propeties you want to have the greatest effect on the patient. It usually highest dosage unless it is usually potent.

Supporting Herb: Supporting herb complement the desire action of the chief herb. These are boost up the primary action.

Assisting Herb: These herbs have ancillary effects to target another symptom or action. Their action is usually less than the primary action of the formula.

Carrying Herb: Carrying herbs are herbs that used in smaller amounts to aid the absorption or assimilation of the other herbs. These herbs are digestive stimulants that increase digestion as well as absorption.

Antagonistic Herbs: These are counteract a particular quality of a formula that is not desired. A heating herb may be used to minimize the coldness of the formula.

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The goal of Ayurvedic Practitioner

The two goal of Ayurvedic physician

  • To teach patient the principles of Ayurveda so they may be able to keep their own bodies healthy.

  • To master the principles of Ayurveda so that we may use this knowledge to allow the sick patient to become well again.

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Ayurveda & Chinese

  • Ayurveda, which translated means "The Science of Life", is similar to Traditional Chinese Medicine in that it represents a practical application of universal philosophical concepts based on universal life energy which, in Traditional Chinese Medicine is called “qi,” andin Ayurveda, "prana".

  • Both Traditional Chinese Medicine and Ayurveda are based upon a universal concept expressed in nature in bi-polar terms called Yin-Yang in Traditional Chinese Medicine and Shiva-Shakti in Ayurveda.

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  • As a result, all diseases, medicines (mostly herbs) and therapies are similarly classified bi-polarly as "heating or cooling", "strong or weak", and so forth.

  • Indian scholars eventually brought the teachings of Ayurveda to ancient China, via Tibet so that Ayurveda can be truly regarded as "the mother of Natural Healing".

  • The unique appeal of Ayurveda is the integration of a Universal spiritual philosophy which has been largely expunged from the more materialistic "Maoist-styled" Traditional Chinese Medicine.