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Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program (CSEPP) Integrated Response Course Department of Homeland Security 2006 Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program Initiated in 1988 Joint FEMA - Army program Implemented in 10 states & 41 counties

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chemical stockpile emergency preparedness program csepp integrated response course

Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program (CSEPP) Integrated Response Course

Department of Homeland Security

2006

chemical stockpile emergency preparedness program
Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program
  • Initiated in 1988
  • Joint FEMA - Army program
  • Implemented in 10 states & 41 counties
  • Current agents include GB (sarin), VX (nerve agent) & (HD) Mustard
  • Goal of “maximum public protection” as mandated by Congress
chemical stockpile emergency preparedness program3
Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program
  • Initiated in 1988
  • Joint FEMA - Army program
  • Implemented in 10 states & 41 counties
  • Current agents include GB (sarin), VX (nerve agent) & (HD) Mustard
  • Goal of “maximum public protection” as mandated by Congress
  • Disposal completed at Aberdeen, MD
csepp training
CSEPP Training
  • Initiated in 1990 at CSEPP National Meeting
  • Comprehensive needs assessment
    • by job function
    • by location

• Training Management Plan developed (1992, updated 1997 and 2005)

  • Training divided into 3 development paths
    • Technical, Public affairs, and Medical
  • Use variety of delivery techniques
    • http://emc.ornl.gov/CSEPPweb/FEMACSEPPHome.html
purpose of this course
Purpose of This Course
  • To present an integrated version of
    • Chem Awareness
    • ACT FAST (Agent Characteristics,Toxicology, First Aid, and Special Treatment )
    • Personal Protective Equipment
    • Decontamination
    • Use of Auto Injector
    • CSEPP Multi-Hazard Medical Course
course objectives
Course Objectives
  • Understand the history of CSEPP and composition of the stockpile
  • Understand the potential hazards of nerve and mustard agents
  • Understand the signs and symptoms of nerve and mustard agent exposure
  • Understand the use of personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Understand the process of decontaminating exposed personnel
  • Understand the medical treatment of nerve and mustard agent exposure
chemical stockpile
Chemical Stockpile
  • Comprised of chemicals designed and produced for the sole purpose of warfare
  • Nerve agents and blister agents

Deseret Chemical Disposal Facility

chemical stockpile locations
CHEMICAL STOCKPILE LOCATIONS

Umatilla Chemical Depot (UMCD)

Hermiston, OR

Newport Chemical Depot (NECD)

Newport, IN

WA

Edgewood Chemical

Activity (ECA)

Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD

(Stockpile Destroyed)

IL

Deseret Chemical

Depot (DCD)

Tooele, UT

Blue Grass ChemicalActivity (BGCA)

Richmond, KY

Pueblo Chemical Depot (PUCD)

Pueblo, CO

Pine Bluff Chemical

Activity (PBCA)

Pine Bluff, AR

Anniston Chemical Activity (ANCA)

Anniston, AL

Storage Facilities States with Storage Facilities Impacted States

various munitions types
Various Munitions Types

Land Mine

Cartridge

Projectile

500 lb Bomb

M-55 Rocket

Bulk Containers

slide11

Nerve Agents

GA

VX

GB

Blister Agents

H

HT

L

HD

nerve agents

GA

GB

VX

Nerve Agents
  • Attack body’s nervous system
  • Scientific classification: Organophosphate
    • organophosphates also include agricultural insecticides such as malathion and parathion

CA22

specific names
Specific Names

Symbol Common name Referred to as

VX VX VX

GB Sarin GB or G-agent

GA* Tabun GA or G-agent

*Small amount is stored at Deseret Chemical Depot

nerve agent physical properties
Nerve AgentPhysical Properties
  • Usually liquid in normal state
  • Becomes volatile and generates vapors if heated
  • Potential for release if in vapor or aerosol form
  • All nerve agents currently in liquid form
  • Most distinguishable factors are physical consistency and color
vx physical properties
VXPhysical Properties
  • Oily liquid; resembles light weight oil
  • Usually a pale amber color (colorless in pure form)
  • Odorless
  • Tasteless
  • Persistent; designed to cling to whatever it splatters on
    • persistence is weather-dependent
g agents physical properties
G-AgentsPhysical Properties
  • GB is usually colorless, watery in pure form
  • GA may be pale to dark amber
  • GB has almost no odor
  • GB is tasteless
  • GB volatilizes at lower temperature than VX
  • GB evaporates more rapidly than VX but less than water
blister agents vesicants

H

HD

HT

L

Blister Agents (Vesicants)
  • Poisons that destroy individual cells
  • Blisters most noticeable effect from exposure
  • Includes sulfur mustard and Lewisite
specific names20
Specific Names

Symbol Common name Referred to as

H, HD, HT Sulfur mustard H, HD, HT

L* Lewisite Lewisite

*Small amount was stored at Deseret Chemical Depot and now destroyed

sulfur mustard physical properties
Sulfur MustardPhysical Properties
  • Mustard-garlic-like smell
  • Liquid or solid form in normal state
  • Melting point about 57oF
  • Becomes volatile and generates vapors if heated
    • burns well once ignited
  • Pale amber brown color in liquid form
  • Colorless gas when vaporized

Laboratorybottle of sulfur mustard

lewisite physical properties
Lewisite Physical Properties
  • Amber to brown liquid
    • colorless when pure
  • About 10 times more volatile than sulfur mustard
  • Irritating, fruity or geranium-like odor
    • little odor when pure
  • Persistent
  • More dangerous as liquid than as vapor
non stockpile agents
Non-Stockpile Agents
  • Cyanide (i.e., CK)
  • Pulmonary agents (i.e., Phosgene)
  • Riot Control agents (i.e., Mace)
  • Incapacitating agents (i.e., BZ)
non stockpile agents26
Non-Stockpile Agents
  • Riot Control Agents (i.e., Mace)
  • Incapacitating Agents (i.e., BZ)
example of csepp planning zones
Example of CSEPP Planning Zones
  • Immediate Response Zone
  • Protective Action Zone
  • Precautionary Zone
likelihood of agent release
Likelihood of Agent Release
  • Most likely releases are small ones that do not pose a threat except to someone in very close proximity to the release site
  • Large releases with source terms large enough to pose a threat to community have much lower probability of occurring
  • Unlikely that a release will cause injury or death to anyone off-site
potential types of release and associated hazards
Potential Types of Release and Associated Hazards
  • If a release is large enough to pose threat to public, the dominant hazard is from breathing air in which agent exists as vapor
  • Paths for liquid chemical warfare agent to travel from release point to off-site are limited and relatively easy to block; therefore people off-site unlikely to encounter liquid agent
four basic types of potential releases
Four Basic Typesof Potential Releases
  • Spill
  • Fire
  • Explosion
  • Complex

Simulated Chemical Explosion at Deseret, UT

spill
Spill
  • Onto ground or other surfaces
  • Resulting puddle of agent (liquid deposition) can evaporate into vapor and drift downwind

Example of a plume resulting from a spill

(not to scale)

explosion
Explosion
  • Causes droplets of agent to be formed
  • Larger, heavier droplets quickly fall to ground (deposition)
  • Releases vapors and aerosols (smaller droplets and particles) that can travel greater distances

Example of a plume resulting from an explosion

(not to scale)

slide33
Fire
  • Both aerosols and vapors are formed
  • Vapors and aerosols lifted higher into air because of heat from fire
  • Hazard similar to those of an explosion

Example of a plume resulting from a fire

(not to scale)

difference between aerosols and vapors
Difference BetweenAerosols and Vapors
  • Think of a chemical agent release in terms of hair spray coming from a spray can
    • when spray is release, it is an aerosol
    • larger particles and/or droplets are deposited near point of release
    • particles quickly fall out of air onto hair and skin
    • person across room can smell hair spray from breathing vapors released
what if a release occurs csepp
What If a Release Occurs?(CSEPP)
  • It is very unlikely the public would be exposed to droplets and aerosols
  • Particles will mostly fall out of plume (via deposition) by time plume reaches installation boundary
  • Coordinated response system implemented
vapor hazard
Vapor Hazard
  • For most releases, the primary health hazard comes from vapors when they are inhaled or come in contact with skin or eyes
  • Agent vapors pose greatest hazard when inhaled because they are rapidly absorbed by lung tissues
  • Skin exposure to agent vapors can be hazardous, but seldom life-threatening
federal response
Federal Response
  • NIMS - may require integration of Incident Command System (ICS) as off-post event would likely be of National Interest
  • DoD may send team to help communities with detection
  • FBI would likely respond to civilian terrorist event - change of custody of samples then would be needed
chemical warfare detection capabilities csepp
Chemical Warfare Detection Capabilities (CSEPP)
  • Army’s detection capability consists of low-level and gross-level detectors
  • Any vapor detection efforts off-site would be conducted by Army survey teams using appropriate equipment
  • Civilian responders would monitor public for exposure in the hot zone using appropriate PPE