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Future of Cloud Computing

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  1. Future of Cloud Computing Bob Marcus Robert.marcus@gmail.com

  2. “The best way to predict the future is to invent it” Alan KayCo-inventor of Smalltalk, GUIs, Object-Oriented Programming

  3. Cloud Computing Capabilities Roadmap Process Current Cloud Computing Technology + Vendors Input Government, Industry, and Research Cloud Initiatives Create Use Cases with Timelines Map to Required Capabilities for Use Cases Addressed by Planned Capabilities Roadmap Capabilities = Best Practices + Standards + Technology

  4. Status of Cloud Service Levels • SaaS • Best practices under development • Vendors (e.g. Salesforce, Microsoft, Facebook, Zoho, Google) • IaaS • Standards under development • Vendors (e.g. Amazon, Eucalyptus, IBM, VMware partners) • PaaS • Technology under development • Vendors (e.g. Google, Microsoft, Force.com, RightScale)

  5. (SaaS) (PaaS) (IaaS) From http://federalsoa.wik.is/

  6. Use Cases vs. Service Levels Examples

  7. Software as a Service (SaaS)

  8. Current Status of SaaS • SaaS (Best practices under development) • There are many SaaS companies e.g Salesforce.com and Netsuite using Cloud infrastructure to increase scalability • Google Apps and Zoho are SaaS competitors with MS Office • Microsoft SaaS implementations (e.g. Exchange) available • Traditional enterprise software vendors are moving to the Cloud (e.g. Oracle) • Interoperability between SaaS is possible using Web standards and middleware (possibly hosted in Cloud) • U.S. Government has created a SaaS Apps.gov Web site • There are several trade associations promoting SaaS • PaaS tools make it easier to create scalable, customized SaaS

  9. EuroCloud, SIIA, and SaaS Showplace EuroCloud - “Our goal in developing EuroCloud is to promote SaaS and cloud services and applications across Europe and encourage its take up” (Launch promoters include Amazon Web Services Microsoft, MacAfee, and 30 other companies) http://www.eurocloud.org/ SIIA – “Provides global services in government relations, business development, corporate education and intellectual property protection to the leading companies” (More than 500 members) http://www.siia.net/ SaaS Showplace - “The Showplace is the largest vendor-independent, online directory of SaaS solutions” (Over 1200 company listings) http://www.saas-showplace.com/

  10. Predictions for SaaS • There will be an explosive growth in SaaS applications due to: • Low cost of entry for vendors and users • Ability to rapidly deploy and update capabilities • Elasticity and scalability of billing • The key issues will be: • Choosing appropriate applications for SaaS deployment • Security, reliability, privacy, SLAs, integration • Avoiding lock-in to specific SaaS vendor • Leading SaaS vendors (e.g. Saleforce.com, Facebook) have or will attempt to become PaaS providers

  11. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)

  12. Current Status of IaaS • IaaS (Standards under development) • Multiple companies are offering IaaS services for storage and computing e.g. Amazon, GoGrid, Rackspace • Virtualization management tools (e.g from Citrix and VMware) are making it easier to create IaaS offerings • VMware’s vCloud will be the basis of several IaaS products • U.S. Government has created an IaaS Cloud Storefront • There will be a Session on “Cloud Roadmaps for IaaS” at a California standards meeting on December 10 • Without PaaS tools and utilities, IaaS can be considered a different business model for hosting

  13. Agenda: Cloud Interoperability Roadmap Session (AM) • 8:00 – 8:30 (Rackspace) – Erik Carlson, Cloud Architect, Rackspace • 08:30 - 09:00(Open Cloud Consortium) - Surenda Reddy, VP of Cloud Computing, Yahoo • 09:00 - 09:30(IBM) - Ginny Ghezzo, Senior Development Manager, Emerging Technologies, IBM • 09:30 – 10:00(Microsoft) - Mark Ryland, National Standards Officer (USA), Microsoft • 10:15 – 10:45(Sun) - Lew Tucker, CTO of Sun's Cloud Computing Initiative • 10:45 – 11:15(RightScale) - Michael Crandell, CEO, RightScale • 11:15 – 11:45(Elastra) - Stuart Charlton, CTO, Elastra

  14. Agenda: Cloud Interoperability Roadmap Session (PM) 11:45 – 12:00 (Eucalyptus) – Woody Rollins, CEO 13:00 – 13:30 (Cloud Security Alliance) - Nils Puhlmann, Co-founder, Cloud Security Alliance 13:30 – 14:30(NASA) - Chris Kemp, CIO of NASA Ames 14:30 – 15:00(GICTF) - Hiroshi Sakai, GICTF Secretariat, Supervisor, Global Inter-Cloud Technology Forum 15:15 – 15:45(DMTF)- Winston Bumpus, President, Distributed Management Task Force 15:45 – 16:15(OGF) - Craig Lee, President, Open Grid Forum 16:15 – 18:00 Interactive Discussion About Follow-on Activities

  15. Possible Follow-ons Vendor information Web site including a FAQ for end-users planning Cloud deployments Sessions in 2010 with vertical end-users (government, financial, healthcare) Cloud industry trade association including vendors, system integrators, and standards groups A "Cloud Roadmap for Interoperability, Portability, and Capabilities" document Any other suggestions?

  16. Possible Follow-on: CloudRoadmap Document • Document covering Interoperability, Portability, and Capabilities • Modeled after "NIST Framework and Roadmap for Smart Grid Interoperability Standards“ for electrical grid. • Other Inputs • ENISA Cloud Computing: Benefits, risks and recommendations for information security • NIST's Cloud Document and Presentation • The DMTF's Open Cloud Standards Incubator's new White Paper on "Interoperable Clouds“ • The Cloud Use Cases Group White Paper • The Cloud Security Alliance's Security Guidance • The Open Cloud Computing Interface (OCCI) Specification

  17. http://blogs.cisco.com/sp/comments/from_india_to_intercloud/

  18. Predictions for IaaS • Core IaaS will become increasingly standardized and commoditized for horizontally scalable applications • There will still be diversity across multiple Cloud implementations (e.g. AWS and vCloud-based) • Cross-Cloud tools and middleware will be available to enable interoperability and portability across core IaaS • Key Issues include: • Reliability, security, SLAs, auditing • Integration with existing systems and data centers • Management and governance of applications • IaaS providers will increasingly add new utilities and PaaS capabilities as differentiators

  19. Platform as a Service (PaaS)

  20. Current Status of PaaS • PaaS (Technology under development) • Google AppEngine and Microsoft Azure are PaaS products integrating development and deployment • Major Cloud vendors are moving towards PaaS e.g. • Amazon moving up from IaaS by adding utilities and new packages • Salesforce.com moving down from SaaS by exposing internal interfaces to developers (Force.com) • Many smaller vendors are building PaaS development and deployment tools for Clouds • IaaS vendors will probably acquire or partner with PaaS suppliers e.g. VMware purchasing SpringSource • PaaS ecosystems will be a major arena of Cloud competition

  21. PaaS Modeling Standards Platform as a Services (PaaS) tools and frameworks are a critical technology for Cloud Computing These tools support the development, deployment, and management of Cloud applications Many vendors have PaaS products with few standards To avoid lock-in, models must be created that are independent of specific products These models must describe interactions, resources, and policies for applications and services to enable portability across Clouds

  22. Targets for Modeling From: http://elastra.com/sites/default/files/Modeling-the-Virtual-Data-Center.pdf

  23. Predictions for PaaS • PaaS will become the battleground for determining the future of Cloud Computing • All the major players will provide Cloud platform capabilities • The goal will be to attract a critical mass of applications • Several dominant Cloud ecosystems will emerge • Key issues will include: • Selection of appropriate PaaS providers • Interoperability and portability across PaaS Clouds • Maintaining control of application lifecycle (e.g. evolution) • Future Differentiators for PaaS will be integration with applications utilizing mobile devices and sensors.

  24. Backup: Some Research Project References

  25. U.S. Research Projects • IBM, Google and National Science Foundation CLuE Project http://www.ibm.com/ibm/ideasfromibm/us/google/index.shtmlhttp://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=114686 • Open Cloud Consortiumhttp://opencloudconsortium.org • FutureGrid http://futuregrid.org/ • DOE Magellan http://www.er.doe.gov/News_Information/News_Room/2009/Oct%2014_ComplexQuestions.html

  26. International Research Projects • Reservoir and Open Nebula http://www.reservoir-fp7.eu http://www.opennebula.org/ • Nimbus http://workspace.globus.org/ • Yahoo, Intel, and HP Open Cirrus Testbed http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/newsroom/press/2008/080729xa.html https://opencirrus.org/ • NEON – Northern Europe Cloud Initiative http://www.pdc.kth.se/Members/edlund/2009.10.13-NEON-Banff-AakeEdlund.pdf