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ENHANCING PRODUCTION/PRODUCTIVITY OF WHEAT

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  1. ENHANCING PRODUCTION/PRODUCTIVITY OF WHEAT Dr. N.B. Singh Agriculture Commissioner Government of India Department of Agriculture & Cooperation Ministry of Agriculture (September 14-15, 2006)

  2. Projected Production and Requirement of Wheat & Foodgrains (Million Tonnes) # Present growth rate of foodgrains – 2.1% consists of rice 2.7%, wheat 0.2%, coarse cereals 4.5% $ Requirement includes consumption, buffer stock (4 million tonnes), availability of 15 days’ consumption in the open market of 2.9 million tonnes in 2006-07 and 3.12 million tonnes in 2011-12.

  3. Area, Production and Yield of Wheat (1980-81 to 2005-06)

  4. State-wise Area, Production and Yield of Wheat 2004-05

  5. Productivity trends in different States from 2000-1 to 2004-05

  6. Regional Variation in Productivity

  7. Causes for Low Productivityof Wheat • Delayed sowing in rice-wheat and in cotton-wheat system • Low Seed Replacement Rate (SRR) • Low and imbalanced use of fertilizers / nutrients • Temperature rise during grain formation period • Deficiency of micro and secondary nutrients • Deceleration of factor productivity • Soil degradation and loss of fertility • Poor efficiency of irrigation water • Escalating cost of inputs – (especially diesel)

  8. Delayed sowing results in Yield Decline Based on multilocation long term (10 Years) trials of ICAR (DWR Bul. 2004)

  9. A sample of Pattern of Plant Nutrients Application (2004-05)

  10. Imbalanced use of Plant Nutrients Required Ratios : 4: 2 : 1 (N,P,K) 2004 - 05

  11. Wide spread deficiency of zinc Source: IISS, Bhopal(ICAR)

  12. Deficiency of Manganese Source: IISS, Bhopal Source: IISS, Bhopal (ICAR)

  13. Widespread Boron deficiency Source: IISS, Bhopal (ICAR)

  14. Strategies for Production Enhancement • Area Expansion • 1 to 1.4 million ha in the States of U.P., M.P., Bihar, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Gujarat • Productivity Increase • 25 to 40%

  15. Targeted States for Area Expansion (Area in lakh ha)

  16. Productivity Enhancement • Timely sowing (optimum sowing time between 15 Oct. to Mid Nov.) • Promoting high temperature tolerant varieties • Improved agricultural practices/sowing • Promoting integrated nutrient/pest management • Increasing water use efficiency through sprinkler • Zero Till cum Seed Drill • Increasing balanced use of fertilizer/application

  17. Response of *N2 application on Wheat Productivity * Accordingly ratio of Phosphorous and Potash to be added Based on multilocation / year data recorded by ICAR (DWR Bul. 20)

  18. Lessons learnt about N2 Response in Wheat * After 1990’s N2 application of 150kg / ha has recorded highest yield in entire wheat areas. * 50 % N2 Basal + 50% at the time of first irrigation has given best results * More than two splits of N2 is usually beneficial after application of 50% basal dose * Under Zero tillage also 150 kg N2/ha has recorded highest yield

  19. Response of Potash Application on Wheat

  20. Action Plan Varietal Development • Terminal heat tolerant varieties • Suitable varieties with higher yield potential in Punjab, Haryana & western U.P. • Early maturing cotton varieties in cotton-wheat system. • Early maturing high yielding rice varieties for rice-wheat system. • Improved wheat varieties for late sowing.

  21. Action Plan MANAGEMENT PRACTICES • Improved sowing methods for different cropping system • Direct seeding of rice in rice-wheat system • Efficient fertilizer/micro-nutrients use • Improved agronomic practices to address rise in temperature • Weed management • Mopping of Micronutrient deficiency

  22. Required Interventions for enhancing Productivity • Identify Potential Regions / States i.e. Eastern UP, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal • Identify the districts with high yield potential ; 138 districts identified • Channelize input supply i.e. Seed fertilizer, farm machinery on priority

  23. Identified districts and targeted areas for intervention

  24. Action Plan 3 Year Plan for 138 districts : coverage 13 million ha.

  25. Contd..

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  27. Conntd. Total Financial Requirement for 3 year Rolling Plan I Year275.00 II Year483.00 III Year483.00 Total: 1241.00

  28. Outline of the Scheme • Total cost of the scheme Rs.2482 cr. over 3 years • Proposed share (50%) of Central Government – Rs.1241 cr. • Proposed share (30%) of State Government – Rs.548 cr. • Rest contribution by beneficiary

  29. State of preparedness for Rabi : 2006-07 • Seed • Requirement - 20.0 lakh Quintal; Available – 45 lakh qtls. • Fertilizer • Requirement - 127 lakh tonnes urea • - 48 lakh tonnes DAP & • - 19 lakh tonnes of MOP • Micro-nutrients • Available as per requirement • Zero Till Machines • Requirement : 6000 Zero till cum seed drill - Available • Micro-Irrigation : Systems Available

  30. Region wise Recommended varieties of Wheat *Durum Contd…

  31. Contd…. *Durum

  32. Thank you

  33. Identified Districts of different States with potential for increasing production and productivity of Wheat Contd….

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