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Disaster Recovery Management- Introduction By Sagarika Wickramasekera Content What is Disaster Management Phenomenon of Natural Disaster in Asia Pacific Region Why we need Disaster Management Disaster Mitigation methods Application of Information Technology in Disaster Management

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Presentation Transcript
content
Content
  • What is Disaster Management
  • Phenomenon of Natural Disaster in Asia Pacific Region
  • Why we need Disaster Management
  • Disaster Mitigation methods
  • Application of Information Technology in Disaster Management
  • Role Of Sahana in Disaster Management
what is disaster management
What is Disaster Management
  • Discipline dealing with and avoiding risks
  • Involves preparing, supporting, and rebuilding society when natural or manmade disasters occur
  • Continuous process by which all individuals, groups, and communities manage hazards in an effort to avoid or ameliorate the impact of disasters resulting from the hazards
why we need disaster management
Why We Need Disaster Management
  • For Early Warning
  • To foreseeing future disasters
  • To Take prevention methods on reliable information
  • To prohibit Natural disaster occurrence sources.
phenomenon of natural disasters
Phenomenon of Natural Disasters
  • Many Developing and Developed countries of Asia Pacific Region are situated in the hazard belts if the world and are subject to
    • Floods
    • Landslides
    • Earthquakes
    • Cyclones
    • Droughts
    • Volcanic eruptions
    • Tsunami
    • Epdemics
occurrence of disasters
Occurrence of Disasters
  • Cyclones
    • Philippines – 38 % of world total – 30 per year
    • Bangladesh
    • Vietnam
    • Fiji
    • Tonga
    • Solomon Islands
    • Samova
occurrence of disasters contd
Occurrence of Disasters Contd.

Floods –

  • India
    • Annual floods inundate 40 million hectares
  • Bangladesh
    • One of the most flood prone countries in the region
  • Sri Lanka
    • Seasonal floods
  • China
    • Annual summer floods
occurrence of disasters contd8
Occurrence of Disasters Contd.
  • Droughts
    • Afghanistan
    • Iran
    • Myanmar
    • Pakistan
    • India
    • Sri Lanka
    • Nepal
occurrence of disasters contd9
Occurrence of Disasterscontd.
  • Earthquakes
    • 70% of the earthquakes are reported from this zone
      • Japan – Once in every 10 years
      • China- 28th July 1976 caused 240,000 deaths
      • Philippines- Average 5 earthquakes per day
      • India – Pacific ocean seismic zone or Indian ocean seismic Zone.
      • Nepal,
      • Afghanistan,
      • Iran
      • Pacific Islands
slide10
Occurrence of Disasterscontd.
  • Tsunami
    • 1883 disastrous Krakatowa volcanic eruption caused 36,000 deaths
    • 17th August 1976, Moro gulf in Philippines caused 8000 deaths (ESCAP,1995)
    • 26th December, 2004 more than 2 million deaths
    • Japan, India, Indonesia, Philippines, Maldives, Sri Lanka , Thailand etc.. are the some of the badly affected countries in the Asia pacific Region
disaster mitigation methods
Disaster Mitigation Methods
  • Education
  • Training
  • Development of expertise
applications of information technology in disaster management
Applications of Information Technology in Disaster Management
  • GIS
  • Remote Sensing
  • Early Warning Systems
  • Internet (Victims and missing persons tracking through the internet)
  • National data bases
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