slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
CLIMTRAIN Workshop: ‘GEF Funding for Climate Change’ IFAD HQ – Rome July 24-25 Bonizella Biagini Cluster Coordinator fo PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
CLIMTRAIN Workshop: ‘GEF Funding for Climate Change’ IFAD HQ – Rome July 24-25 Bonizella Biagini Cluster Coordinator fo

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 24

CLIMTRAIN Workshop: ‘GEF Funding for Climate Change’ IFAD HQ – Rome July 24-25 Bonizella Biagini Cluster Coordinator fo - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 248 Views
  • Uploaded on

CLIMTRAIN Workshop: ‘GEF Funding for Climate Change’ IFAD HQ – Rome July 24-25 Bonizella Biagini Cluster Coordinator for Climate Change Adaptation Global Environment Facility MITIGATION DEMAND UNFCCC estimate: $200-210 billion by 2030 SUPPLY

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'CLIMTRAIN Workshop: ‘GEF Funding for Climate Change’ IFAD HQ – Rome July 24-25 Bonizella Biagini Cluster Coordinator fo' - Audrey


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1
CLIMTRAIN Workshop:

‘GEF Funding for Climate Change’

IFAD HQ – Rome July 24-25

Bonizella Biagini

Cluster Coordinator for Climate Change Adaptation

Global Environment Facility

slide2
MITIGATION

DEMAND

UNFCCC estimate: $200-210 billion by 2030

SUPPLY

$3.3 billion allocated to mitigation projects in GEF since 1991

World Bank Clean Investment Funds and other donors’ initiatives

ADAPTATION

DEMAND

World Bank estimate: $10-40 billion/year

Oxfam: $50 billion/year and ‘far higher if greenhouse-gas emissions are not cut rapidly’

SUPPLY

SPA, SCCF and LDCF: $295 million over the last 5 years

AF: $80-300 million/year (2008-2012)

World Bank Clean Investment Funds and other donors’ initiatives

Estimated supply and demand for mitigation and adaptation funding in developing countries – a brief overview
climate change strategic programs mitigation 1 billion 4years
CLIMATE CHANGE Strategic Programs - Mitigation $1 billion/ 4years
  • Energy Efficiency
      • Promoting energy efficiency in residential and commercial buildings
      • Promote energy efficiency in industrial sector
  • Renewable Energy
      • Promote market approaches for renewable resources
      • Promote sustainable energy from biomass
  • Sustainable Transport
      • Promote sustainable, innovative systems for urban transport
  • LULUCF
      • Manage land-use, land-use change and forestry to protect carbon stocks and reduce GHG emissions
examples of lulucf and biomass projects
Examples of LULUCF and Biomass Projects
  • Village-Based Management of Woody Savanna and the Establishment of Woodlots for Carbon Sequestration
  • Global: Alternatives to Slash and Burn Agriculture (II)
  • Global: Alternatives to Slash and Burn
  • Iran: Carbon Sequestration in the Desertified Rangelands of Hossien Abad, South Khorasan, through Community-based Management
  • Sudan: Community Based Rangeland Rehabilitation for Carbon Sequestration
  • Belarus: Biomass Energy for heating and Hot Water Supply
  • Peru: Biofuels and non-wood cellulose fiber from agriculture residues/waste
background on the gef and adaptation
Background on the GEF and Adaptation

Four funding sources for Adaptation under the GEF

GEF Assistance to Address Adaptation

GEF Trust Fund

UNFCCC climate change funds

Kyoto Adaptation Fund

GEF Trust Fund

Strategic Priority

on Adaptation (SPA)

adaptation action with GEBs

Least Developed Country Fund

(LDCF)

(implementation of NAPAs)

NO GLOBAL BENEFITS

Special Climate Change Fund

(SCCF)

Top priority to Adaptation

NO GLOBAL BENEFITS

Adaptation Fund (AF)

Adaptation in KP developing I parties

NO GLOBAL BENEFITS

Total: $180M

Total: $90M

Total: $50M

Estimate $80-300 million/year

piloting an operational approach to adaptation spa
“Piloting an Operational Approach to Adaptation” (SPA)

SPA Projects should: “Show how adaptation planning and assessment can be practically translated into projects that provide real benefits”.

  • SPA Projects should primarily target Global Environmental Benefits under the GEF focal areas, whereas the other GEF administered fonds have development as their primary focus.
  • $50 million allocation  as of May 2008 all funds have been allocated  following an internal evaluation of the pilot, the program will evolve.
  • A total of 21 adaptation projects have been approved for support through the SPA.
piloting an operational approach to adaptation spa7
“Piloting an Operational Approach to Adaptation” (SPA)
  • 18 Approved projects – Total $47 million
  • Remaining $3 million is being programmed – once portfolio is completed the SPA will be reviewed and potentially replenished by the GEF Council.
  • Primarily targets Africa, South/Southeast Asia and Latin America, but also a few projects in Central and Eastern Europe.
least developed countries fund ldcf
Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF)

LDCF projects support the implementation of National Adaptation Plans of Action (NAPAs) which identifies ‘urgent and immediate adaptation needs’ in each LDC.

  • The LDCF has so far supported the preparation of NAPAs in 47 LDCs and will also support implementation of priority actions identified in completed NAPAs.
  • As of May 2008, 32 NAPAs have been completed, and 10 implementation projects have been approved for LDCF funding.
  • Existing resources, including new pledges: $180 million  applying a principle of equal access this translates into roughly $3.7 million pr. country.
least developed countries fund ldcf9
Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF)

Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF)

special climate change fund sccf top priority under unfccc decision a adaptation
Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF)- Top priority under UNFCCC decision = (a) adaptation

SCCF adaptation projects support the implementation of adaptation actions in non-annex I parties.

  • Priority areas: water, land management, agriculture, health, infrastructure development, fragile ecosystems, integrated coastal zone management, disaster risk management and prevention
  • Total resources under the SCCF program for adaptation, including new pledges: $90 million.
  • Demand greatly exceeds available funding, forcing a temporary freeze for new SCCF projects.
  • As of May 2008, 10 projects have been approved for support under the SCCF. Future funding opportunities depend on donor contribution.
special climate change fund sccf top priority under unfccc decision a adaptation11
Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF)- Top priority under UNFCCC decision = (a) adaptation

Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF)

features of climate change funds
GEF TRUST FUND: (SPA)

Incremental cost

Global benefits

RAF

Co-financing

UNFCCC FUNDS:

(LDCF & SCCF)

Additional cost

Sliding scale (optional)

NO RAF

NO Global benefits

Different approach to co-financing

Features of Climate Change Funds
features of climate change funds additional costs sliding scale
Features of Climate Change FundsAdditional costs/Sliding Scale
  • Additional Cost - Definition: the costs imposed on vulnerable countries to meet their immediate adaptation needs (Decision 3/CP.11)

The additional cost approach includes:

  • A baseline scenario => what development activities would be undertaken also in absence of cc (baseline costs)
  • An adaptation scenario => which includes additional activities to be implemented to address the adverse impacts of climate change in the vulnerable sector selected for the project (baseline costs + additional costs)
  • The LDCF will finance only the additional costs imposed on vulnerable LDC countries to meet their (urgent and immediate) adaptation needs, as identified by their NAPAs.
features of climate change funds additional costs sliding scale14
Features of Climate Change FundsAdditional costs/Sliding Scale
  • Sliding Scale: An OPTION introduced to simplify the determination of additional costs, especially for smaller projects.
  • Instead of determining additional costs through a complete baseline/alternative scenario analysis, additional costs are estimated as a percentage of total project funding request, with the LDCF/SCCF funding a proportionately larger share of smaller projects, and a smaller share of larger projects (with the remaining funding to be leveraged in co-financing). E.g. under the SCCF the steps are: <$1mil – GEF 50%, $1mil-$5mil – GEF 33%, >$5mil – GEF 25%.
features of climate change funds co financing
Features of Climate Change FundsCo-financing
  • Co-financing: The full cost of adaptation is always covered by GEF/LDCF/SCCF. ‘Co-financing’ may therefore be better termed ‘baseline financing’ for the adaptation cost to be covered by GEF/LDCF/SCCF.
  • Co-financing refers solely to funding already present in the recipient countries in the form of development projects, national investments etc, no additional funds need to be raised for the purpose of adaptation.
  • Stand alone adaptation financing can be acceptable. In practice, however, this will be very rare, as most LDCF/SCCF projects and activities are usually based in a context of human and socioeconomic development with an added element of CC adaptation.
slide16
LDCF/GEF amount: $3.64M

CC Vulnerabilities:

Glacial lakes reaches critical threshold as Himalayan glaciers melt  massive flashfloods in river valleys

Adaptation Actions:

Increase disaster risk management capacity in affected valleys

Artificial lowering of water level in glacial lakes

Creation of an Early Warning System for glacial flashfloods

Outcomes:

Decreased risk of massive destruction from glacial flash floods

Limitation of human and economic loss if/when catastrophic flash floods occur

Bhutan: Reduce CC-induced Risks and Vulnerabilities from Glacial Lake Outbursts in the Punakha-Wangdi and Chamkar Valleys (LDCF)
malawi climate adaptation from rural livelihoods and agriculture ldcf
LDCF/GEF amount:: $3.00 million

CC Vulnerabilities:

Drought and rainfall variability will pose risks to the agricultural sector and food security

Adaptation Actions:

Targeted adaptation pilots including

Crop diversification

Improved cropping sequences

Conservation tillage

Irrigation and efficient water use

Food storage

Creation of an enabling environment for Climate Risk Management

Policy development and implementation

Institutional coordination

Generation of knowledge and awareness raising

Outcomes:

Increased food security and sustainable agricultural development

Malawi:Climate Adaptation from Rural Livelihoods and Agriculture (LDCF)
cambodia building capacities to integrate water resources planning in agricultural development ldcf
LDCF/GEF $1.85M

CC Vulnerabilities:

Increased drought and/or flooding poses risk to agricultural sector and food security

Adaptation Actions:

Training of ‘adaptation experts’ in agricultural extension teams a

Implementation of pilot projects in local communities

Rainwater harvesting techniques

Measures to decrease soil erosion and preserve genetic diversity in rice agriculture

Changed design of reservoirs and irrigation channels to prevent risks from increased peak flows

Lessons learned disseminated to national and international levels

Outcomes:

Increased food security and sustainable agricultural development

Reduced risks of climate induced disasters

Cambodia:Building Capacities to Integrate Water Resources Planning in Agricultural Development (LDCF)
slide19
SCCF/GEF amount:: $13.125M

CC Vulnerability

Decreased water availability

Decreased food production

Loss of land and coastal infrastructure

Adaptation Actions

Raising of awareness and capacity for climate change risks at all levels.

Locally relevant pilot measures including:

Innovative farming and water management techniques

Introduction of new crops better suited to changed climate conditions

Installation of breakwater at important harbors

Climate proofing of existing roads

Outcomes:

Negative effects of climate change on local livelihoods and economy minimized.

Regional (Government of the Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Nauru, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu, Marshall Islands, Palau:Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change (SCCF)

adaptation fund
Adaptation Fund
  • AF was established in 2001 at COP7 under the Kyoto Protocol
  • The AF will support concrete adaptation projects in developing countries that are Parties to the KP
  • To be funded by the 2% of the proceeds of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and by voluntary contributions
adaptation fund21
Adaptation Fund
  • The AF has innovative features including:
    • An independent governing Body (AFB) where the majority of the members are representatives from developing countries
    • The majority of financial resources come from two percent of the proceeds of the CERs of CDM projects
    • Parties can access resources directly from the fund or trough implementing agencies
adaptation fund the way forward
Adaptation Fund: the way forward
  • Details regarding priority sectors, eligibility criteria and administrative processing of AF projects, will be determined during upcoming Adaptation Fund Board meetings (June and November 2008).
  • GEF was selected as interim secretariat
  • WB as interim trustee
  • Two meetings have been held so far
  • UNFCCC estimate of available funding for period 2008-2012: $80-300 million/year
slide24
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!

GEF Adaptation-related papers:

www.thegef.org

GEF projects database:

www.gefonline.org