Janet M. Girten Deputy Laboratory Director Forensic Science Center at Chicago October 31, 2006 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Janet M. Girten Deputy Laboratory Director Forensic Science Center at Chicago October 31, 2006 PowerPoint Presentation
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Janet M. Girten Deputy Laboratory Director Forensic Science Center at Chicago October 31, 2006

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  1. Janet M. Girten Deputy Laboratory Director Forensic Science Center at Chicago October 31, 2006

  2. Forensic Science And Quality Assurance

  3. Agenda • Personal Background • Overview of the Illinois State Police • Quality Assurance • What is it? Why do we need it? • Scientist level • Laboratory level • Global level • Summary

  4. Personal Background • Born and raised in Chicago • BS Biology, College of St. Francis • Passed Chemistry only with the help of Salim!!!!! • MS Forensic Science in progress, University at Illinois, Chicago

  5. Professional Background • Hired in 1987, Joliet Laboratory • Chemist for 4 years • First Scientist to be crossed trained in another discipline as a latent print examiner • 1996 Transferred to the newly built Chicago Lab • Group supervisor of Latent print section • 1999 Promoted to Section Chief • firearms/toolmark, latent prints • 2003 Promoted to Deputy Lab Director • Criminalistics-latents, firearms • Biochemistry-DNA, Trace Chemistry

  6. ILLINOIS STATE POLICE IS THE THIRD LARGEST FORENSIC SYSTEM IN THE WORLD

  7. SCOTLAND YARD FBI LABORATORY

  8. Illinois State Police Forensic Sciences CommandProvide all forensic services that are needed to the citizens of the state of Illinois

  9. 10 Laboratories state wide • Rockford • Chicago • Westchester • Joliet • Peoria • Springfield • East St. Louis • Carbondale • Training Laboratory • Research & Development Laboratory

  10. Forensic Disciplines • Latent Fingerprints • Footwear/Tiretrack • Firearm/Toolmarks • Forensic Biology • DNA • Drug chemistry • Trace chemistry • Toxicology • Questioned Documents

  11. Forensic Science Center at Chicago1996

  12. Forensic Science Center at Chicago

  13. What is forensic science?What is the goal?

  14. Forensic Science Analysis

  15. ANALYSISTO TESTIMONY

  16. STATE OF CALIFORNIA VS OJ SIMPSON

  17. That trial was a pivotal point for forensics.

  18. COURT TV • Continuous live coverage • Legal experts • Expectation of conclusive physical evidence

  19. FORENSICS INTO THE HEARTS AND MIND OF THE JUROR

  20. Prior to OJ Defense attorneys would question the police officers on their: CREDIBILITY INTEGRITY

  21. After OJ Defense Attorneys now question forensic scientists on their: CREDIBILITY INTEGRITY

  22. QUALITY ASSURANCE

  23. Quality Assurance • Quality is defined as accurate, complete and timely analysis. • Quality Services begins with the initial contact with law enforcement, continues thru the analysis and ends with courtroom testimony.

  24. Quality Assurance program multi-faceted • Forensic Scientist • Casework • Laboratory Audits • System Accreditation

  25. Personality Traits Honest Ethical Unbiased Dedicated Career oriented Hiring Process & Ongoing Background checks Polygraph Random drug checks Repeated criminal history checks Annual performance reviews Forensic Scientist

  26. Casework • Case file reviews • Random Reanalysis • Proficiency tests • Internal • External • Courtroom testimony monitoring

  27. Laboratory Audits • Annual Internal Self-Check/Audit • Annual External Audit by Command personnel • Annual Quality System Review

  28. System Accreditation • ASCLD/LAB • ISO • FBI DNA Quality Assurance Standards

  29. ASCLD/LAB • American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors/Laboratory Advisory Board • Started in late 70’s • 1982 Illinois State Police System first system accredited • Reaccreditation cycle: 5 years

  30. Accreditation process is looking at TWO major areas: Are we meeting all of the criteria? Are we doing what we say? Do we say what we are doing? ASCLD/LAB

  31. ASCLD/LABACCREDITATION • 151 STANDARDS OR CRITERIA • 90 Essential criteria 100% • 45 Important criteria 75% • 16 Desirable criteria 50% • If not successful-remediation and reinspected

  32. Team of inspectors from other crime labs Prior to inspection, reviews all policies and procedures During inspection, inspectors review case files, interview staff, go through administrative files ASCLD/LAB

  33. ISO/IEC • INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION/INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION • ISO/IEC 17025 • General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories

  34. ISO/IEC • Headquartered in Switzerland • 147 members • 1 per country or economy • Form committees • Write the clauses • ISO does not accredit

  35. General Req for competence of Testing laboratories Any lab including Forensic labs General Req for Accrediting Bodies Guidelines for Quality systems auditing ASCLD/LAB NFSTC-FQS-I

  36. Regional cooperations agree on how to apply clauses

  37. ISO/IEC • 1999 Forensic Community met in Australia • Created “Forensic Standards Document” called Guide 19 • G-19 • ASCLD/LAB standards • Amplification document to ISO 17025

  38. ISO/IEC ISO 17025 • 100 clauses for testing laboratories • Guide 19 • 151 standards from ASCLD/LAB document • Total of 251 clauses/criteria

  39. FBI DNA Quality Assurance Standards In order to participate in CODIS all laboratories must be audited against this audit document. FBI/DNA QAS 200 standards all must be 100% met

  40. Summary • ASCLD/LAB 151 standards • ISO 17025 250 clauses • Guide 19 151 standards • FBI QAS stds 210 • TOTAL 762 standards

  41. Happy Halloween!!!