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Stingless Bees Culture. BY JOSEPH MACHARIA. Introduction. Social bees 6 genera comprising of 19 species have been identified in Africa. (Eardley, 2004). Nests; tree cavities, ground and open. Kenya. Kakamega. Mwingi. Arabuko Sokoke. Hypotrigona gribodoi. H.gribodoi Queen.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Stingless Bees Culture

BY

JOSEPH MACHARIA

slide2

Introduction

  • Social bees
  • 6 genera comprising of 19 species have been identified in Africa.(Eardley, 2004).
  • Nests; tree cavities, ground and open
slide3

Kenya

Kakamega

Mwingi

Arabuko Sokoke

slide4

Hypotrigona gribodoi

H.gribodoi Queen

slide9

Why stingless bees?

  • Economic role as cash crop pollinators and honey producers
  • Impact of stingless bee presence on human health
  • The ecological role of stingless bees
  • Wide variety of biological and ecological features that the various species have, making them ideal for comparative studies
slide10

Threats to Stingless bees Keeping

  • Deforestation
  • Lack of knowledge
  • Destructive harvesting
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Road to applied pollination with stingless bees

(i)

Meliponiculture:

(a) Local knowledge

Identify Potential pollinators for development of a stingless bee management strategy

slide12

(b) Development

  • development of rational hives
  • developing techniques for colony division
slide13

(c) Traininig

Colony transfer

Queen rearing techniques

Honey harvesting techiniques

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(ii) Legalization of bee trade and honey quality

provide legal protection for the native bees and make sure that their natural populations are guaranteed for the future

honey physiochemical composition and antibacterial effects

slide15

Physiochemical composition of honey samples obtained from stingless bees

* Honey quality standards of the Codex Alimentarius for floral honeys. HMF = hydroxymethylfurfural

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(iv) Research on bee biology.

Detailed knowledge of the bee’s biology and behaviour needed to adapt the bees to the crop pollination setting

bee biology cont
Bee biology cont

Queen rearing

Hypotrigona gribodoi

joined queen cell.

Hypotrigona gribodoi

queen cell.

Hypotrigona gribodoi colony

A virgin queen

slide19

(v) Matching crops with bees

  • identify crop that may benefit from stingless bees for its pollination
slide20

Acknowledgemnets

Mary Gikungu

Connal Eardley

Suresh Raina – icipe

Koos Biesmeijer – University of Leeds

thankYou