Stingless Bees Culture. BY JOSEPH MACHARIA. Introduction. Social bees 6 genera comprising of 19 species have been identified in Africa. (Eardley, 2004). Nests; tree cavities, ground and open. Kenya. Kakamega. Mwingi. Arabuko Sokoke. Hypotrigona gribodoi. H.gribodoi Queen.
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(a) Local knowledge
Identify Potential pollinators for development of a stingless bee management strategy
Queen rearing techniques
Honey harvesting techiniques
provide legal protection for the native bees and make sure that their natural populations are guaranteed for the future
honey physiochemical composition and antibacterial effects
Physiochemical composition of honey samples obtained from stingless bees
* Honey quality standards of the Codex Alimentarius for floral honeys. HMF = hydroxymethylfurfural
Detailed knowledge of the bee’s biology and behaviour needed to adapt the bees to the crop pollination setting
joined queen cell.
Hypotrigona gribodoi colony
A virgin queen
Suresh Raina – icipe
Koos Biesmeijer – University of Leeds