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A Programme for Universalization of Elementary Education. Mission Statement. Empowering of children to be active participants in a knowledge society. A result-oriented approach with accountability towards performance and output at all levels.

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Mission Statement

  • Empowering of children to be active participants in a knowledge society.
  • A result-oriented approach with accountability towards performance and output at all levels.
  • A people-centred mode of Implementation of educational interventions with involvement of all stakeholders, especially teachers, parents, community and Panchayati Raj institutions and voluntary organisations.
  • An equity-based approach that focuses on the needs of educationally backward areas and disadvantaged social groups including children with special needs.
  • A holistic effort to ensure convergence of investments and initiatives for improving the efficiency of the elementary education system.
  • Institutional reforms and capacity building to ensure a sustained effort for UEE.


  • All children in school, Education Guarantee Centre, Alternate School, ‘Back-to-School’ camp by 2005
  • Bridging gender and social gaps in:
    • Primary : 2007
    • Elementary : 2010
  • Universal retention by 2010
  • Focus on satisfactory quality with emphasis on education for life


Governing Council

6 Teacher Union reps.

5 Educationists/Scientists

6 NGO reps.

3 Women’s Org. Reps

3 Institutional Members working for SC & ST

Reps of National Resource Insts

Ex-officio members

HRM, FM, Dy. Chairman

Planning Commission

3 Ministers of State

3 MPs

6 Political Parties’ Reps.

6 Edu. Ministers of State Govts.

Minister for

Human Resource Development

Executive Committee


Project Approval Board






Monitoring Institutions

Joint Review Missions

Educational & Prog. MIS

Joint Secretary & DG SSA

Department of SE & L



Goal 1: All children in School

What does SSA Provide

  • Providing basic facilities in each school
    • Primary schools within 1 k.m. radius and a n upper primary school in the ratio of 2: 1 PS:UPS
    • Education Guarantee Scheme and Alternative Innovative Education centres as alternative schools.
    • Additional classrooms – a room for every teacher with minimum of 2 teachers at Primary and 3 teachers at Upper primary level
    • Toilets/drinking water/child friendly elements.
    • Additional teachers to get pupil teacher ratio of 40:1.

Goal – I : All Children in School / EGS / AIE by 2005

Gross Enrolment Ratios

  • GER at primary stage is 103.7
  • GER at upper primary stage is 64.
  • Lowest GER are in Bihar, Punjab, Haryana, Goa and A&N Islands
  • Huge enrolment Increase in Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh.

GER at Primary Level

out of school children

Goal – I contd…/-

Out of School Children
  • The number of out of school children is 76 lakh (2007).
  • 3.8% OoSC – “hardest to reach” category of children.
  • 60% OoSC are in Bihar, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh.
  • No. of districts>50,000 OOSC – 36.
  • Plan to cover 11 lakh through EGS and 48 lakh through AIE this year.

In lakhs


Goal – I : All Children in School / EGS / AIE by 2005

Access at Primary Stage


Access at Upper Primary Stage


Thrust in 11th Plan

  • Identify and mainstream ‘hard to reach’ children
  • Focus on bridge courses / programmes.
  • Address residual access
  • Fill infrastructure gaps –
    • priorities upper primary schools
    • 6.37 lakh additional classrooms for SCR 1:40

Goal 2: Bridging Gender and Social Category Gaps

  • Programme for participation of girls
    • Free Text Books
    • National Programme on Education of Girls at Elementary level started in 3291 educationally backward blocks.
    • Innovative activities like pre-school centres/bridge courses/vocational education/bicycles etc.
    • Gender sensitization of education personnel and teachers.
    • Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (residential schools) in 2810 educationally backward blocks .
    • Innovative activities in several States – Life skills education, remedial teaching, vocational training for older girls, health and hygiene camps and uniforms / incentives.

Goal – II : Bridging Gender & Social Category Gap at primary by 2007 & elementary by 2010

Upper Primary Primary

  • Girls enrolment up from 45.02% (2003-04) to 45.80% (2005-06).
  • Gender gap reduced at upper primary
  • 81 distt. Gender gap > 20% pts.
  • High gender gap in:

Rajasthan(23.6)Bihar (22.3)


Uttar Pradesh (9.4)

  • Girls enrolment up from 47.18% (2003-04) to 47.79% (2005-06).
  • Gender gap reduced at Pry (DISE)
  • 48 distt. Gender Gap > 10% pts.
  • High gender gap
  • Bihar(11.3)Rajasthan (7.07)

Gujarat(6.1)Jharkhand (5.0)


Goal – II contd…/-

Promoting Education of SC and ST Children

  • Free Text Books.
  • 242 KGBV in SC and 457 in ST Blocks with 25% of SC & 29% ST girls covered in all KGBVs.
  • Rs. 15 lakh per district for SC/ST innovation.
  • EGS & AIE centres being opened in tribal areas with relaxed norms (10-15 children).
  • Recruitment of local tribal teachers.
  • Development of specific modules for training of teachers in tribal areas (AP, Gujarat, Orissa).
  • Use of primers in tribal languages to help in better transition to State language.
  • Targeted Provisioning in 61 SC & 106 ST concentration districts

Goal – II contd…/-

Share of SC and ST Students

  • *Source DISE data.
  • Highest SC share in Punjab (47%), Haryana (31%), UP (28%).
  • Highest ST share in North Eastern States, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Jharkhand.
  • Gender Parity an issue at upper primary level among SC.
  • Gender parity an issue at primary & upper primary level among ST.

What Does SSA Provide for Children With Special need

  • Support to CWSN, specific provision of Rs 1200 per child
  • Coverage through enrolment in schools(19.97 lakh), EGS/AIE centres(1.12 lakh) and home based education (77140).
  • Provided assistive devices to 7.12 lakh CWSN
  • Teachers training to 50000 teachers
  • 6678 resource teachers appointed in 21 States.
  • Barrier free access ramps in the 5.02 lakh school
  • 620 NGOs involved in planning for IE, identification on CWSN, provision of aids and appliances, training on teachers etc.
  • Focus now on in-class attention and appropriate materials/ teaching methods for enrolling CWSN

CWSN – Inclusive Education

  • SSA has zero rejection policy

Thrust in 11th Plan

  • Lower Gender Gap in literacy by 10% pts.
  • Revamp NPEGEL for specific block projects @ Rs. 25 lakh per block per year.
  • Enlarge eligibility criteria of EBB’s for NPEGEL & KGBV
  • Bring SC, ST at par.
  • Small school norms for ST areas.
  • Hostels for boys @ KGBV norms. (ST & Minorities
  • Focus on minority dominated areas.
  • Priority targeting for completing infrastructure gaps in districts / blocks with socially disadvantaged categories.
  • Enhance CWSN norms and Focus on Girl Child with Disability

Goal III : Universal Retention by 2010

  • Dropout rates (pry.) have declined by 4.5 percent points.
  • Reduction in girls drop out by 5 percent points.
  • Transition rates Pry. to U. Pry. improve from 74.15 (2003-04) to 83.36 (2005-06).


Dropout Rates


Goal III : Universal Retention by 2010

Drop out at Pry Level 9.96%

< 10 AP, HP, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, J&K Karnataka, Kerala, MP, Maharashtra, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Punjab, Sikkim, Tamilnadu, Tripura

10 – 15 Assam, , Haryana, UP, WB Uttarakhand,

> 15 Jharkhand, Bihar Meghalaya , Rajasthan Arunachal Pradesh

Upto 5%

5 to 10%

10 to 15%

16 to 20%

> 20%


Thrust in XIth Plan – Universal Retention

  • Dropout to reduce from 52.2% (2003-04) to 20% (2011-12) at elementary level.
  • Incentivise Upper Primary Level
  • Library infrastructure
  • More staff at BRC for upper primary requirements.
  • Special teacher training for upper primary schools.
  • Free text books and uniforms to all
  • Furniture for every child
  • Special focus on science and maths learning.
  • Enhanced ICT input.

Goal IV: Improving Quality of Education

  • What SSA Provides for Quality improvement
    • Provide additional teachers for PTR 1: 40 with minimum of two teachers
    • Grants – Teachers
    • Development of improved textbooks
    • Free textbooks for girls, SC, ST’s
    • Remedial teaching (for students needing greater attention )
    • Annual 20 day training of teachers
    • Decentralized academic support to schools/teachers through block & cluster level resource centers
    • Improved pupil assessment systems
    • School monitoring indicators

Goal IV: Improving Quality of Education

States with high PTR

  • PTR at primary – 41:1 and at upper primary is 29:1
  • State have recruited 7.98 lakhs teachers against the target of 10.12 lakhs teachers.

PTR more than 41:1 at elementary level


Goal – IV contd../-

Progress against Quality Inputs

assessment based learning improvement efforts

Quality Tracking in Kerala

  • KSQAO – Karnataka
  • ABL – Tamil Nadu
  • CLAPS – Andhra Pradesh
  • LATS – Orissa
  • GAP – Gujarat
  • Buniyad – Jharkhand
  • Read C. – Chhattisgarh
  • Read M. – Madhya Pradesh
  • LAP, LGP – Rajasthan
  • School Grading, Nayee Disha – UP
  • PLEP – Punjab
  • SSUU – West Bengal
  • Bidya Jyoti, LAP – Assam
  • School Monitoring - Uttarakhand

Assessment based learning improvement efforts

  • Learning Improvement Initiatives
  • Recent initiatives

Thrust in 11th Plan Working Group: On Quality

    • Develop minimum standards of educational attainment
    • Regular testing to monitor effectiveness of education.
    • ICT for enhancing learning levels.
    • Define ‘improved quality’ in operational terms.
    • Distinguish assessment for performance of individual students, grading school effectiveness & teachers & learner achievement trends, national Surveys for quick comparable results / analysis on direction of learning outcomes.
    • Acquisition of basic skills of literacy & numeracy in early primary grades.
    • Creation of capacity within the school for dealing with ‘diversity’ in students.
    • Enhance SSA’s framework to support more quality related activities.


What Does SSA Provide for

Community Involvement

Community involvement - must in SSA

  • Village Education Committees and School Management Committees given key role in SSA implementation.
  • 50% funds go to VEC/ SMC
  • VECs/Women’s groups monitor primary schools
  • Roles in implementation/monitoring assigned to Panchayati Raj Institutions.
  • More than 6000 NGOs involved in support to, and implementation of SSA interventions.

Thrust in 11th Plan : Community Participation

  • Road map for decentralisation of school governance with defined milestones.
  • Community control over recruitment & placement of teachers.
  • Block based / school based cadres.\
  • Substitute teachers.
  • Development of annual school plans with community involvements, with clear focus on quality parameters.
  • 1% of districts outlay for community mobilisation activities.
  • Promoting participation of NGOs and private sectors in providing facilities for deprived urban children.

1st quartile

2nd quartile

3rd quartile

4th quartile

Educational Development Index (EDI)

monitoring feedback
Monitoring/ Feedback
  • EMIS for 2006-07 under compilation (received from 25 States / UTs).
  • School Report Cards 2006-07 on website.
  • 56 MI Reports received for 28 States / UTs (on website)
  • IPAI Reports received for 21 States.
  • CAG Performance Audit responded to & evidence on 13th Feb’07. PAC Report received.
  • 9 Independent Assessment Studies initiated.