Retrieval Cues. After learning to move a mobile by kicking, infants had their learning reactivated most strongly when retested in the same rather than a different context (Butler & Rovee-Collier, 1989). 9-3 Forgetting & Constructive Memory. Forgetting:
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9. Explain why the capacity to forget can be beneficial, and discuss the role of encoding failure and storage decay in the process of forgetting.
10. Explain what is meant by retrieval failure, and discuss the effects of interference and motivated forgetting on retrieval.
11. Describe the evidence for the constructive nature of memory and the impact of imagination and leading questions on eyewitness recall.
12. Discuss the difficulties in discerning true memories from false ones and the reliability of children’s eyewitness recall.
13. Discuss the controversy over reports of repressed and recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse.
“About how fast were the cars
going when they smashed into
each other?” (v. control group -hit each other)
constructionMemory ConstructionElizabeth Loftus- Memory Researcher
Ex. Mr. Science Exp (Debra Poole & Stephen Lindsay)
Ex. Ronnie Reagan patriotic campaign speech-misattributed WWII heroic commander from movie
>>both on p 374 text
Roediger & McDermott Study (1996):
Children’s Eyewitness Recall
>>humans are overconfident—
Self-test especially recall