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Religion and politics in Russia IAPC-Barcelona, 39th World Conference “A Struggle for identity” CONTENTS Introduction …………………………………………………………………………………….3 METHODOLOGY ……………………………………………………… …………... ………… 4

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religion and politics in russia

Religion and politics in Russia

IAPC-Barcelona, 39th World Conference

“A Struggle for identity”

contents
CONTENTS

Introduction…………………………………………………………………………………….3

METHODOLOGY …………………………………………………………………...………… 4

How religious are contemporary Russiancitizens?.................................…………....5

Religious values in the Russian mass consciousness ……………………………….10

Religious organizations and their participation in the political process …………..14

Moral aspects of politics ……………………………………………………………...…….19

Religionas the way of promoting politics………………………………………………..22

Conclusions……………………………………………………………………………………24

introduction
Introduction

In the core of political behavior, as well as of any other public activity, lay the basic society values. These values are formed by the world outlook of the citizens and such is based either on religious or philosophical postulates.

Thus, we can define two aspects in which religion affects political sphere of society life:

  • Direct – by influencing political processesof religious organizations (Church) and religion-based communities.
  • Indirect – through attitudes which form the system of values.

The goal of our researchis to analyze religious influence on the political sphere of contemporary Russian society, as well as to evaluate further development of this aspect.

methodology
METHODOLOGY

The outlines given in the presentationwere gatheredas a result of All-Russia representativesurveysby «Bashkirova and partners» in 2004 – 2006.

TARGETED GROUP : Russian citizens

METHOD:face-to-face interviews by random route

SAMPLE:N=1500

REGIONS:7 federal districts

International projects «World Values Survey» and «European Values Survey» were used as areference.

how religious are contemporary russian citizens6
How religious are contemporary Russian citizens?

Do you belong to a religiousconfession?

n=1500

how religious are contemporary russian citizens7
How religious are contemporary Russian citizens?

Apart from weddings, funerals and christenings, how often do you attend religious services these days?

Decreasedby 2 times for the past 6 years

n=1500

how religious are the modern russian citizens
How religious are the modern Russian citizens?

Apart from weddings, funerals and christenings, about how often do you attend religious services these days?(Among the respondents who consider themselves to be Orthodox)

14,7%Orthodoxroutinelyattend religious services

n=1500

attitude of russians towards religion
AttitudeofRussians towards religion

To which statement on the role of religion in your life will you agree? To You the religion means: (Because respondents could give several answers the sum of meanings is mot equal to 100%).

n=1500

values of russians
Values of Russians

The results of theWorld Values Surveyconducted in 1999 allowed to build the following hierarchy of values for Russians:

n=1500

christian values
Christian values

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statement:Christian values are at the heart of modern Russian values?

44%

44%

n=1500

christian values13
Christian values

Which values in your opinion are Christian and which aren’t?

n=1500

trust to public institutions
Trust to public institutions

To what extent do you trust state and public institutions?

  • Можно констатировать слабое знакомство значительной части респондентов с национальными традициями быта.

n=1500

slide16

Influence of religious leaders on politics

How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Religious leaders should not influence government?

Presently the respondents tend to give univocal answers more frequently

n=1500

influence of religious leaders on politics
Influence of religious leaders on politics

How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement:

Religious leaders should not influence how people vote in elections

Presently the respondents tend to give univocal answers more frequently

n=1500

the role of church in society
The role of church in society

To your opinion, which important issues of society life can be discussed and solved with participation of religious organizations (Church)? (Because respondents could give several answers the sum of meanings is not equal to 100%).

n=1500

moral aspects of politics20
Moral aspects of politics

How much do you agree or disagree to the following statement:

Politicians disbelieving in God are misfit for public office

Presently the respondents tend to give univocal answers more frequently

n=1500

moral aspects of politics21
Moral aspects of politics

To what extent do you agree or disagree to the statement: It would be better for Russia to have more truly religious peoplein power.

Presently the respondents tend to give univocal answers more frequently

n=1500

religion as the way of promoting politics23

Religionas the way of promoting politics

Religionas the way of promoting politics

The use of religious factorfor increasing the support level of state power

Islamic factor

The use of religious factorsfor influencing the electoral behavior of pollers

conclusions
Conclusions
  • The majority of Russians consider themselves to be religious. The most widespread confession of Russia is the Orthodox Christianity. The number of church members (those regularly attending services, fasting, etc.) totals 15%.
  • The rating of trust of the Russian Orthodox Church is one of the highest among major state and public institutions - 70,3%.
  • The most significant traditional values in the Russian society are family and work - in the minds of people they are true values of Christian character.
  • Russian citizens oppose the direct interference of religious organizations with the politics. Democracy along with other elements of the state structure is perceived as clearly secular sphere of social life.
  • The Russians see the main public mission of Churchas cultural development of society and education of the younger generation.
  • Russian citizenswould like to see religiously convinced politicians in goverment for they perceive it as a guarantee of their honesty and morality.
  • Thus, the religion is perceived as an intimate aspect of Russian life; however its basic role in the political life of Russia is to strengthen the morals, honesty and decency.