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presented by MANATEE SAIL & POWER SQUADRON a local unit of the UNITED STATES POWER SQUADRONS HURRICANE BOAT PREPAREDNESS UNITED STATES POWER SQUADRONS National, Private, Non-Profit Volunteer Boating Organization Dedicated to Boating: Safety Education

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presented by manatee sail power squadron a local unit of the united states power squadrons

presented byMANATEE SAIL & POWER SQUADRONa local unit of theUNITED STATES POWER SQUADRONS

HURRICANE BOAT

PREPAREDNESS

http www usps org localusps manatee

UNITED STATES POWER SQUADRONS

  • National, Private, Non-Profit
  • Volunteer Boating Organization
  • Dedicated to Boating:
  • Safety
  • Education
  • Civic Service
  • Fun

http://www.usps.org/localusps/manatee

hurricane boat preparedness the ms ps team

HURRICANE BOAT PREPAREDNESSTHE MS&PS TEAM ….

CO-CHAIRS: Richy Evers (Inlets)

Bob Jorgensen (Anna Maria)

Team Members:

Bill Spencer (Flamingo Cay)

  • Al Devernoe (Coral Shores)
  • Bert Spagnola (Coral Shores)
why prepare our boats for a hurricane
GOES weather satellite image

Hurricane Fran -1996.

Keep our boats safe

Prevent damage to others

$$ Legal Liability

WHY PREPARE OUR BOATS FOR A HURRICANE …..
hurricane boat preparedness topics covered

HURRICANE BOAT PREPAREDNESSTOPICS COVERED ….

  • What to expect
  • What is needed
  • Preparation
  • When to start
  • Where to put your boat
  • How to secure it
  • What to take off
  • Neighbor Involvement
  • After the Storm
yearly probability of hurricane force winds in florida

YEARLY PROBABILITY OF HURRICANE FORCE WINDS …..(in Florida)

  • Miami ……….. 1 in 6
  • Palm Beach … 1 in 7
  • Key West …… 1 in 8
  • Pensacola ….. 1 in 8
  • Apalachicola .. 1 in 17
  • Melbourne …… 1 in 17
  • Tampa ……….. 1 in 25
  • St. Pete ………. 1 in 25
  • Daytona Beach. 1 in 50
  • Jacksonville …. 1 in 100
  • Bradenton ………1 in 25
slide7
WE ARE PARTICULARLY

VULNERABLE HERE ….

Gentle slope of ocean floor off our coast

Tampa Bay is long, narrow and shallow

CAN PRODUCE HIGHER STORM SURGES

2004 forecast

2004 FORECAST

  • ABOVE AVERAGE
  • STORM SEASON ….
    • FORECASTTO DATE(10/20/04)
    • - 50% MORE STORMS - 14 NAMED STORMS
    • - 8 HURRICANES - 7 HURRICANES
    • - 3 MAJOR ONES - 5 MAJOR ONES
hurricane jeanne ft pierce inlet

Hurricane JeanneFt. Pierce Inlet

Photo Courtesy of

“The Palm Beach Post”

hurricane jeanne samana dominican republic

Hurricane JeanneSamanaDominicanRepublic

Photo Courtesy of “The Sun Sentinal”

hurricane ivan grenada

Hurricane IvanGrenada

Photo Courtesy of “The Palm Beach Post”

hurricane frances ft pierce marina

Hurricane FrancesFt. Pierce Marina

Photo Courtesy of “The Palm Beach Post”

hurricane frances jupiter inlet

Hurricane FrancesJupiter Inlet

Photo Courtesy of “The Palm Beach Post”

tropical storm gabrielle

Tropical Storm Gabrielle

Photo Courtesy of “The Islander” Not for Publication

tropical storm gabrielle16

Tropical Storm Gabrielle

Photo Courtesy of “The Islander” Not for Publication

what to expect

WHAT TO EXPECT ….

  • STORM SURGE & FLOODING
  • Most destructive aspect
  • Causes over 90% of fatalities
  • Almost all boat locations in Manatee county are Category “A” for flooding
what to expect18

WHAT TO EXPECT ….

  • VIOLENT WINDS
          • Could exceed 150 mph
what to expect19

WHAT TO EXPECT ….

  • HEAVY RAIN
    • Average of 6 to 12+ inches
what to expect20

WHAT TO EXPECT ….

  • TORNADOES
  • Winds of up to 300 mph
    • 70% of hurricanes that make landfall in the Gulf produce tornadoes
what you will need to prepare your boat

WHAT YOU WILL NEED TO PREPARE YOUR BOAT ….

  • Hurricane Plan …… DO IT NOW!
  • Duct tape …………. seal everything
  • Plugs ……………… for exhaust outlets
  • Chafing Gear …….. anywhere your lines touch anything
  • Heavy Lines ……… DOUBLE ALL LINES
  • Fenders …………… Tires / Fender Boards
  • Ground Tackle / Anchor / Chain …. 2 (MINIMUM)
what you will need to prepare your boat22

WHAT YOU WILL NEED TO PREPARE YOUR BOAT ….

  • BATTERIES...........……CHARGE THEM
  • BILGE....................……CLEAN / CLEAR LIMBER HOLES
  • BILGE PUMPS ……….TEST PUMPS / SWITCHES
  • CLEATS................…....BIGGER & BACKED
  • COCKPIT DRAINS.......CLEAR
  • FUEL TANKS............….FILL THEM
when to start how long will it take

WHEN TO START ?HOW LONG WILL IT TAKE ?

  • Prepare boat ……………………….. 4 hrs
  • Move boat to hurricane Hole ………2 hrs
  • Travel time – to ramp & return …… 5 hrs
  • Prepare Home for storm ……………8 hrs
  • Pickup emergency supplies ………. 4 hrs
  • Evacuate to Safe Shelter ………? (2 - 8 hrs)
  • Murphy Contingency …………….. 8 hrs
  • Total: 33 - 41
  • [ DAYLIGHT HOURS ]
how much time will you have probably not enough

HOW MUCH TIME WILL YOU HAVE ?PROBABLY NOT ENOUGH !

  • CONSIDERATIONS:
  • Move Boat -
    • Can you clear bridges before “lock down”
    • Is hurricane hole open and accessible?
  • Marina - Are they expecting you?
  • Keep your insurance paid up
  • IF YOU ARE RUNNING OUT OF TIME …. JUST STOP, PACK AND LEAVE!
where to secure your boat on land safest

WHERE TO SECUREYOUR BOATOn land …. safest !

  • At Your Dock - Plan ahead
    • Where How Obtain Necessary Gear
  • At Your Marina - Plan ahead
  • Know Marina’s Plan Know when you are expected
  • In a Hurricane Hole - Plan ahead
  • Is it clear & accessible Do you have the time
  • On a Mooring or at Anchor - Plan ahead
  • Proper Anchors Room to swing 360 degrees
  • On Davits or Lift
  • Davits – DON’T Lift – Only if surge risk is low
securing your boat

SECURING YOUR BOAT

  • Every Situation is Unique
    • Boat Length, Weight, Draft & Windage
    • Location
    • Surrounding Space
    • Other Boats
  • Securing Plan Should be
    • Carefully prepared
    • Rehearsed
    • Necessary equipment readily available
securing your boat28

SECURING YOUR BOAT

On Anchor

Mangrove Hole

trailer boats safest in doors if out in open

TRAILER BOATSSafest in-doors … if out in open:

  • Orient into expected wind direction
  • Lash Boat to trailer and trailer to fixed objects
  • Block Trailer Frame
  • Lower tire air pressure
  • Weigh down boat with water if possible
  • Some boats may be placed on ground or in holes
  • and filled with water
  • Some can be intentionally sunk at dock or at anchor
davits or lifts

DAVITS or LIFTS

  • Not recommended
  • But …. IF This is Your Plan
  • Remove drain plugs
  • Tie boat to lift and lift to fixed objects to reduce movement
  • Use extensive chafing gear anywhere lines touch anything
canal or narrow waterway

CANAL or NARROW WATERWAY

  • May be your best location …….
  • Center in waterway – face oncoming storm (if possible)
  • Double-up lines – Orient 45 degrees off bow and stern
  • Longer lines and distances to anchorages are preferred
  • User newest and largest lines as primary gear
  • Use older lines only as back-up doubling lines
  • Tie to Substantial Anchors (trees, pilings, ground anchors)
  • Tie: High on Pilings Low on Trees
  • Use Multiple Attachment Points – Both on boat and on Land
canal or narrow waterway32

CANAL or NARROW WATERWAY

If you can’t tie across the canal or waterway….

  • Position boat as far away from seawall, lift or dock as possible
  • Tie off 45 degrees from bow & stern to fixed objects on shore
    • Intermediary chain loop useful around fixed anchorages
    • Use offshore lines to anchors
  • Use chain & weights (sentinels) on
  • anchors
  • Use heavy chafing gear anywhere
  • lines touch anything
  • Position tires/fenders/fender-boards
  • facing seawall
canal

CANAL

Cross-tied (Jeanne)

what to remove from boat

WHAT TO REMOVE FROM BOAT

  • Deck gear – anything not bolted down
  • Cabin Gear – anything that can be stored in a dryer/safer place
  • Cowl Ventilators
  • All Electronics
  • All ships papers / log
  • All fuel, oil, solvents etc, not in permanent tanks
  • All personal property
  • From your Dock – Anything not bolted down
hurricane holes canals marinas aka friends and neighbors
Safety requires neighbors to:

Cooperate and coordinate timing

Assist one other / accommodate for absent owners

You and your neighbors will want to cooperate because:

Individual preparation is insufficient

Only takes one loose boat

$$ liability for damage if appropriate precautions not taken

RECOMMENDED ACTION:

PLAN TOGETHER

Hurricane Holes – Canals & MarinasAKA: Friends and Neighbors
hurricane holes canals marinas aka friends and neighbors36
Neighborhood Plan

Timing

Individual intentions

Anchorage locations

Property access permissions

Identify and locate gear

Back up absent owners

Write down individual plans

Combine into neighborhood plan

Share neighborhood plan with all boat owners

Hurricane Holes – Canals & MarinasAKA: Friends and Neighbors
after the storm
Return when prudent and access is allowed

You must take “reasonable” action to prevent further loss / damage

Advise insurer if circumstances prevent taking reasonable action

Submerged Engines:

Outboards

Must be completely torn down

Not repairable if under for several days

Gas Inboard

Can be flushed, dried and restarted

Fuel Injection must be torn down

Diesel Inboards

Must be completely torn down and inspected

Generators

Engine may be restored but electrical generator ends are not repairable.

After the Storm
after the storm38
Sunk?

Sunk boats are usually “total” losses

Partially sunk boats are usually not

Floating?

Engines

Do not attempt to start before verifying that there was no water intrusion into engine

Gas engine – crank w/o spark

Diesel – pull & inspect exhaust fittings

Electrical

Inspect for signs of water intrusion

Expensive electronics sometimes warrant dealer inspections

Cabin / Interior Spaces

Carefully wash all surfaces to remove salt residue.

With evidence of water intrusion, remove and clean all Interior fabrics, carpeting and upholstery

Salt residue is hydroscopic and must

be removed to prevent mold/mildew

After the Storm
after the storm39
Be Aware of Risks

Drowning

Falls off damaged docks and seawalls

Falling materials from the collapse of damaged structures / lifts

Fire, Poisonous Critters, Chemicals

Electrocution

Storm damaged waterfront electrical systems / circuits

Homeowner/ Neighborhood use of emergency electrical generators

After the Storm
hurricane boat preparedness topics covered40

HURRICANE BOAT PREPAREDNESSTOPICS COVERED ….

  • What to expect
  • What is needed
  • Preparation
  • When to start
  • Where to put your boat
  • How to secure it
  • What to take off
  • Neighbor Involvement
  • After the Storm

THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME