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Physical Fitness and You. Presenters: Claire Cannon, Giancarlo Chavez, Lindsey DeLorenze, Ananda Erickson, Morgan Pike. Background Information on the Target Audience. Ages: 16-18 Grade Level: Junior and Senior High School Students Setting: Health Education Class.

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Physical fitness and you

Physical Fitness and You


Claire Cannon, Giancarlo Chavez, Lindsey DeLorenze, Ananda Erickson, Morgan Pike

Background information on the target audience
Background Information on the Target Audience

  • Ages: 16-18

  • Grade Level: Junior and Senior High

    School Students

  • Setting: Health Education Class

Background information of presentation
Background Information of Presentation

  • Exercise can reduce the effects of:

    • Stress

    • Stimulate brain activity,

    • Regulate some health concerns

    • Give us an overall appearance of well-being

  • Students will learn the benefits of exercise, brainstorm various activities to meet each of the physical benefits categories, and then present their findings to the class.

Basic definition
Basic Definition

  • Physical Activity:

    • “any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles, which results in energy expenditure.”

  • Exercise:

    • “Physical activity that is planned, structured, and repetitive, with the purpose to improve or maintain physical fitness.”

Definitions of fitness
Definitions of Fitness

  • “The ability to perform muscular work satisfactorily.” WHO, 1971

  • “A set of attributes that people have or achieve that relates to the ability to perform physical activity.” CDC, 1985

  • “The ability to carry out daily tasks with vigor and alertness, without undue fatigue and with ample energy to enjoy leisure pursuits and to meet unforeseen emergencies.” Presidents Council of Fitness and Sports, 1971.

Physical fitness and health
Physical Fitness and Health

  • Part 1: Components of Physical Fitness

  • Part 2: Benefits of Exercise

  • Part 3: Lifestyle Changes to Increase

    Physical Activity

Part 1 components of physical fitness
Part 1: Components of Physical Fitness

Can you name and recognize all five?

Components of physical fitness
Components of Physical Fitness

  • Cardiovascular Endurance

  • Muscular Strength

  • Muscular Endurance

  • Flexibility

  • Body Composition

Cardiovascular endurance
Cardiovascular Endurance

  • Endurance

    • is the ability to exercise continuously for extended periods without tiring

  • Aerobic Fitness Level

    • dependent upon the amount of oxygen which can be transported by the body to the working muscles, and the efficiency of the muscles to use that oxygen

Machines and activities
Machines and Activities




Rowing Machine

Examples of activities
Examples of Activities

  • Walking

  • Jogging

  • Biking

  • Basketball

  • Swimming

Physical fitness and you

Muscular Strength

How much weight can be lifted one time


High weight with low reps (4-8 reps)

Strength with Bulk

High weight with low reps and more sets (6 sets of 6 reps)

Muscular Endurance

How long you can lift the weight over time


Lower weight with high reps (12-20 reps)

You are still working on muscular strength when you are concentrating on muscular endurance

Muscular strength
Muscular Strength

  • Power lifting is usually how people build their overall muscular strength.

  • Muscular strength is utilized by doing as many push-ups, or sit-ups you can do without a time period for the fitness testing.

Tips for building muscular strength
Tips for Building Muscular Strength

  • Concentrate on activities that work specific muscle groups.

  • A warm-up is crucial to any workout.

  • Rest. One or two days recovery time is necessary for maximum effect and injury prevention.

  • Know your limits! Exercise is only fun if you are not in pain.

Muscular endurance test
Muscular Endurance Test

  • Bench Jump

  • Modified dip (men)

  • Modified push up (women)

  • Abdominal crunch

  • Abdominal curl-up

Physical fitness and you

Muscular Endurance Scoring Table

  • A percentile rank is given for each exercise according to the number of repetitions performed


  • The range of motion that is possible around a joint or joints.

Measuring flexibility
Measuring Flexibility

  • Sit and Reach

    • sit down, extending both legs, so that both feet are even with the end of the yardstick. Reach with one hand on top of the other as far as you can to get your measurement.

Body composition
Body Composition

  • The relative amount of muscle, fat, bone, and other vital body parts.

    • Lean Body Weight

    • Fatty Tissue

Specific health benefits of exercise


Heart Disease

Reduce Stroke

High Blood Pressure

Non-insulin Dependent Diabetes

Risk of Premature Death

High Cholesterol

Specific Health Benefits of Exercise

Specific health benefits of exercise1


The risk of developing diabetes


Back Pain


Psychological Effects (stress)

Specific Health Benefits of Exercise

Physical fitness and you

What are Some Tips for Being More Active?

  • There are 1440 minutes in every day…

    Schedule 30 of them for physical activity.

    *Take the stairs instead of the elevator

    * Park your car farther away from your destination

    * Exercise while watching T.V. (Move during commercial break.)

Any questions thank you