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JTM AVIATION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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JTM AVIATION. PROFILES & PROCEDURES FOR PIPER WARRIOR & CHEROKEE. Property of JTM Aviation,llc. TAKE OFF & CLIMB. Maintain runway centerline Proper use of rudder Pitch trimmed for Vy. Performance Standards. Smoothly apply full power. Maintain centerline with rudder pedals.

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jtm aviation





Property of JTM Aviation,llc

take off climb
  • Maintain runway centerline
  • Proper use of rudder
  • Pitch trimmed for Vy

Performance Standards

Smoothly apply full power. Maintain centerline with rudder pedals.

At 60kts rotate; keep the nose

Below the tree line to allow

Acceleration to 75kts

Maintain 75kts .

*full power & nose on the horizon will

Result in 75-80 kts

At 55kts apply back pressure

Property of JTM Aviation,llc

level off cruise
Level off & Cruise

Performance Standards

  • Smooth transition from climb to cruise attitude
  • Maintain heading
  • Altitude – 50ft / + 100 ft
  • Proper use of trim
  • Use of cruise checklist.

Maintain airspeed & full power until reaching

assigned altitude. Allow airspeed to accelerate

to cruise while maintaining altitude

*2500rpm max while accelerating

When airspeed stabilizes, set power to 2400rpm while cruising.

Lean if needed for best power. Cruise Checklist.

Property of JTM Aviation,llc

reducing airspeed
Reducing Airspeed

Performance Standards

  • Smooth power changes
  • Proper use of trim
  • maintain heading & altitude
  • +100’ / - 50’ altitude

73kts ( L/D max)

Best glide



55 kts

While flying behind the power curve

You will need to increase power to fly slower

Begin by smoothly reducing power to 2100rpm

focus on maintaining enough backpressure

to maintain altitude

Monitor power setting as airspeed slows ,rpm will drop if you do not increase throttle

Property of JTM Aviation ,llc


Performance Standards

  • proper use of trim & Power
  • maintain heading
  • lead level off
  • altitude + / - 50’

Begin restoring power

50’ prior to desired altitude; or lead level off

by 10% of your descent rate


With A/C trimmed for desired airspeed, smoothly reduce power to 2100rpm*

The plane will begin descending

at the trimmed airspeed with little

to no back pressure needed

**Restore power to starting

rpm. This will stop the descent

and resume previous level flight airspeed

Property of JTM Aviation , llc

power off stalls
Power Off Stalls

Performance Standards

  • maintain heading
  • smooth power control
  • steady pitch control on recovery

When stall occurs, lower the nose enough to break the stall ( horn off) . While smoothly applying full power. Remove 3rd notch of flaps immediately remaining flaps may be removed slowly as airspeed and altitude permit.

Reduce power to 2100rpm

At 90kts 1st notch of flaps

At 75kts, reduce power to 1500 rpm and add remaining flaps 1 notch at a time then reduce power to idle and wait for the stall

Property of JTM Aviation , llc

power on stalls
Power on Stalls

Performance Standards

  • maintain heading
  • proper pitch control
  • minimal altitude loss on recovery

At 1st stall indication lower nose to break the stall and increase airspeed. Maintain heading with rudder

At 75kts pitch up to approximately 15deg while increasing power to full.

Start by reducing airspeed to 75kts

*no flaps ( simulate takeoff)

Property of JTM Aviation , llc

accelerated stalls
Accelerated Stalls

Performance Standards

  • maintain coordinated flight
  • smooth power use
  • no secondary stall

*At 1st indication; simultaneously lower nose ,level wings & increase power. Remove flaps in the usual sequence

* Be sure to keep the plane in coordinated flight with the rudders

Reduce speed to 65kts with throttle and flaps

At 65 kts : power goes to idle initiate moderate bank & hold altitude & wait for stall.

Property of JTM Aviation , llc

steep turns
Steep Turns

Bank angle 45-55 degrees

Performance Standards

  • Altitude +/- 100’
  • Roll out on start heading
  • Coordinated rudder use

Property of JTM Aviation , llc

engine failure in flight
Engine Failure in Flight
  • A
  • B
  • C

At point of failure initiate ABC &

Immediately retract flaps and hold altitude

irspeed = 73

est place to land; locate


  • flaps up
  • electric fuel pump on
  • switch fuel tanks
  • check carb heat
  • check mixture for proper setting
  • check primer ( ensure it’s locked)
  • check magnetos

If an off field landing must be made, touchdown with slowest practical airspeed; switch fuel off if time permits

Property of JTM Aviation , llc

normal landing
Normal Landing

Performance Standards

  • stabilized airspeeds
  • properly trimmed
  • power used for adjustments
  • touchdown at stall

Downwind 2100rpm

1 notch of flaps (10deg)


While turning base, set 1500rpm*

Flaps 25deg (2nd notch)


*1500 rpm is a starting point

Adjust as needed

Touchdown on mains first

Hold controls in place until aerodynamic control is done

Final : power as needed to maintain glide path

3rd notch of flaps *


Property of JTM Aviation , llc

crosswind landing
Crosswind Landing

Performance Standards



  • Proper drift control
  • Keep wheels aligned with centerline
  • Touchdown on upwind main wheel 1st

Control Drift by lowering the upwind wing. Use rudder control to align the nose with the centerline of the runway

Pitch & Power control will be the same as with a normal landing

Property of JTM Aviation , llc

soft field takeoff
Soft field Takeoff

Performance Standards

  • proper elevator control during takeoff roll and liftoff
  • safe transition to desired speed in ground effect ( no sinking )
  • proper judgment on flap retraction
  • minimal braking

Climb out normally slowly retracting flaps as airspeed and altitude permit

Flaps 25deg & full aft elevator as you enter the runway. Continuously increase power to full as you roll down the runway

Liftoff at the slowest practical airspeed, then lower nose to accelerate in ground effect to Vx or Vy as appropriate

Property of JTM Aviation , llc

soft field landing
Soft field landing

Performance Standards

  • proper use of power to control touchdown
  • minimal brake usage
  • maintain full aft elevator until clear of the runway

Begin with a normal

power off approach

Carry power as needed throughout

the landing to allow for the lightest touchdown possible.

When you begin the round out

Increase power to hold the plane off the ground

Longer than normal

After landing hold full aft elevator control until clear of the runway & use minimal braking. Power as needed.

Property of JTM Aviation , llc

short field takeoff
Short field Takeoff

Performance Standards

  • Use all available runway
  • full power before brake release
  • maintain centerline
  • Vx climb before Vy

Initial climb at Vx until clear of obstacles

Accelerate to Vy, slowly retracting flaps when altitude permits

Use all available runway, flaps 25deg, full power before brake realease

Property of JTM Aviation , llc

short field landing
Short field Landing

Performance Standards

  • Stabilized approach ( 65kts)
  • Proper power for desired airspeed
  • touchdown within 200’ of target ( not before )
  • maintain controls after touchdown
  • do not lock brakes

Approach at 65kts with full flaps

As you round out, manage power to cross your target at 50kts

Once you’ve landed , retract flaps, then apply maximum braking while holding full aft elevator control.

Property of JTM Aviation , llc

go arounds

Performance Standards

  • commit to go around
  • proper pitch control
  • no sinking when retracting flaps
  • maintain position over runway

Decision point

Immediately check flaps for no more than 25deg

Climb at appropriate airspeed, slowly retracting flaps after positive rate of climb is established, and speed and altitude permit

Apply full power while raising nose away from ground, but not above treeline / horizon.

Property of JTM Aviation , llc

speeds and limits
Speeds and Limits
  • Vso 44
  • Vs 50
  • Vx 63
  • Vy 75
  • Vglide 73
  • Vfe 103
  • Va 111
  • Vno 126
  • Vne 160
  • Total Fuel 50 gal ( 25 / 25 )
  • usable fuel 48 gal ( 24 / 24 )
  • 150HP @ 2700rpm
  • *9Gal/hr for planning
  • 11:1 glide ratio
  • 200lbs in Baggage compartment
  • recommended minimum field length 2500’
  • For gross weight operations

Property of JTM Aviation , llc