Excerpts from: Practicing the Three C’s: Cross-Cultural Competence in School Psychological Services Emilia C. Lopez, Ph.D. Queens College, CUNY/NASP IDEA Resource Cadre Doris P á ez, Ph.D. Furman University/NASP IDEA Resource Cadre. The Three C’s: Cross-Cultural Competence.
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Practicing the Three C’s:
in School Psychological Services
Emilia C. Lopez, Ph.D.
Queens College, CUNY/NASP IDEA Resource Cadre
Doris Páez, Ph.D.
Furman University/NASP IDEA Resource Cadre
“The ability to think, feel, and act in ways that acknowledge, respect, and build upon ethnic, sociocultural, and linguistic diversity.”
(Lynch and Hanson, 1998)
Awareness: assumptions, values, biases
Understanding: worldview of culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) clients
Knowledge: cultural differences, assessment and intervention strategies
Skills: providing assessment and intervention services
(Sue et al., 1982)
“An integrated pattern of human behavior that
includes thoughts, communications, languages,
practices, beliefs, values, customs, courtesies, rituals,
manners of interacting and roles, relationships and
expected behaviors of a racial, ethnic, religious or
social group; and the ability to transmit the above to
(National Center for Cultural Competence of Georgetown University:
(Curtis, Hunley, Walker & Baker, 1999)
(Rogers et al., 1999)
Knowledge of local, state, and federal laws and regulations, awareness of litigation, and understanding of ethics
Advocate for public policy and educational law