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THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA TANZANIA INVESTMENT CENTRE. “INVESTMENT FOR AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT: Making it happen”. NEPAD/OECD INVESTMENT INITIATIVE, Imperial Resort Beach Hotel ENTEBBE, UGANDA 25 th – 27 th May 2005, . Presented by: Samuel J. Sitta Executive Director

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slide1

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA

TANZANIA INVESTMENT CENTRE

“INVESTMENT FOR AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT: Making it happen”

NEPAD/OECD INVESTMENT INITIATIVE, Imperial Resort Beach Hotel

ENTEBBE, UGANDA

25th – 27th May 2005,

Presented by:

Samuel J. Sitta

Executive Director

Tanzania Investment Centre

E-mail: sitta@tic.co.tz

Website: www.tic.co.tz

contents overview
CONTENTS/OVERVIEW
  • Introduction
  • Economic Policy Reform
  • Investment Policy Framework
  • Private Sector Development Initiatives
    • National Investment Steering Committee (NISC)
    • Tanzania National Business Council (TNBC)
    • Investment guarantees & settlement of disputes
  • Remaining regulatory, legislative & administrative impediments to private investment
  • Tanzania Investment Regime
  • Challenges and The way Forward
  • Conclusion
slide3

ECONOMIC REFORMS AND THE DEVELOPMENTOF

THE NATIONAL INVESTMENT PROMOTION POLICY

Economic reforms initiated in 1986:

  • Trade liberalization
  • First Investment Code June 1990
  • Private investment allowed in allocated areas

Some of the problems met in implementing the 1990Investment Policy & the Act as per studies carried out:

  • Restrictive investment environment
  • Lack of coordination of sectorial policies and the investment policy
  • Existence of several laws and regulations that conflicted with the investment code
  • Existence of a non commercialised society
  • Existence of a non facilitative civil service
slide4

CORRECTIVE MEASURES TAKEN TO FURTHER IMPROVETHE TANZANIAN INVESTMENT CLIMATE

  • Major highlights of the Studies carried
  • Review of the investment Policy and Law, prepared by Dr. H. Sinare and Dr. F. Ringo under the auspices of Economic and Social Research Foundation (ESRF) - 1996 and
  • Investors Road Map (1996) prepared by The Services Group, a team from USA.
  • Both reports addressed policy, legal, procedural and administrative barriers to investment in Tanzania
  • The reports forced GoT departments to re-examine their processes and make appropriate changes; main changes where as follows: -
    • Adoption of the New Investment Policy 1996
    • Enactment of the new investment code 1997 & establishment of Tanzania Investment Centre (TIC) One Stop Shop for investors
    • Harmonized key legislation
    • Removed restrictions on investment areas
    • Enhanced economic and social reforms from 1996 onwards.
tanzania economic reforms
TANZANIA ECONOMIC REFORMS

The Government has implemented reforms aimed at transforming its economy from one based on a large State-owned sector and central planning to a market-and private-sector-based economy.

16 major reform legislations were enacted between 1990 and 2004.

These reforms have helped Tanzania to improve efficiency and weed out ills that impede growth.

slide6

TANZANIA ECONOMIC REFORMS

Major reform legislations enacted between 1990 and 2002 are as follows:-

  • The Income Tax Act 2004
  • The Companies Act No. 12 of 2002
  • The Export Processing Zones Act No. 11 of 2002
  • The Commission for Human Rights & Good Governance Act No. 7 of 2001
  • The Land Act 1999
  • The Mining Act 1998
  • The Privatisation Trust Act No. 7 of 1997
  • The Financial Laws Miscellaneous Amendments Act 1997
  • The Tanzania Investment Act No. 26 of 1997
  • The Tanzania Revenue Authority Act No. 11 of 1995
  • The Immigration Act No. 7 of 1995
  • Capital Market and Security Act No. 5 of 1994 and as amended by Capital Market and Security Act No. 4 of 1997
  • The Public Corporations Act 1992 and Amendment Act 1993
  • The Foreign Exchange Act 1992
  • The Banking and Financial Institutions Act No 12 of 1991
  • The Loans and Advances Realization Act 1991
slide7

TANZANIA INVESTMENT CENTRE (TIC)

  • TIC established in 1997 to be “The Primary Agency of the Government to coordinate, encourage, promote and facilitate investment.
  • “One-Stop Facilitative Centre” with officers from Ministry of Trade & Industry, Business Registration & Licensing Authority (BRELA), Lands, Immigration, Labour and TRA stationed at the TIC.
  • TIC Relationship Managers regularly visit investment projects to follow up on implementation and obtain feedback to resolve any business problems.
  • Facilitates investors to acquire land by offering them land derivative titles on behalf of the Govt.
tic clients charter our commitment to investors
TIC CLIENTS CHARTER OUR COMMITMENT TO INVESTORS

TIC is committed to facilitating investors

Application Days taken

  • Company Registration 3
  • Business licensing 3
  • Certificate of incentives 7
  • Resident Permit Class ‘A’ 14
  • Resident Permit Class ‘B’ 14
  • Special Pass 1
  • TIC voted Africa’s Best IPA of the year 2004
tanzania investment centre
TANZANIA INVESTMENT CENTRE

Currently TIC is installing the computer workflow management system towards paperless office operation.

In addition it is also re-designing and updating its website so as to constantly provide current and update investment information including new legislations/regulations to investors

national investment steering committee nisc
NATIONAL INVESTMENT STEERING COMMITTEE (NISC)
  • Spearheading investment policy formulation,
  • Fast track solutions to investors problems of investors,
  • Identify and supervise the elimination of legal impediments to investment
  • Chaired by the Hon. Prime Minister,
  • Other members of the committee are Ministers for Finance, Agriculture, Lands, Industry and Trade, President’s Office Planning & Privatisation; Governor of BoT; Attorney General and Executive Director-TIC (Secretary).
national business council tnbc
NATIONAL BUSINESS COUNCIL (TNBC)
  • National Business Council seeks to enhance Public/Private sector “smart partnership”.
  • The Business Council is chaired by the President and the Chairman of Tanzania Private Sector Foundation is Vice Chairman.
  • TNBC organizes and facilitates Investors Round Table Meetings (IRT); Local and International
  • The TNBC has resolved a number of business impediments including enactment of a new business friendly land law and abolition of many nuisance taxes.
slide12

INVESTMENT GUARANTEES AND SETTLEMENTS OF DISPUTES

  • Tanzanian law offers guarantees against nationalization and expropriation,
  • Tanzania is a member of both the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Dispute and Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency,
  • Free/Unconditional Transfer of Capital, Profits, dividends and other benefits for investors and employees working in Tanzania
regulatory practices other than restrictions
REGULATORY PRACTICES OTHER THAN RESTRICTIONS

MDAs = Ministries, Departments and Agencies

bilateral investment treaties list of bit signed as of january 2005
BILATERAL INVESTMENT TREATIES. LIST OF BIT SIGNED AS OF JANUARY 2005

* Partial Agreement

Source: Government of Tanzania

bilateral tax treaties list of dtts signed as of january 2005
BILATERAL TAX TREATIES. LIST OF DTTs SIGNED AS OF JANUARY 2005

* Under negotiations

Source: Government of Tanzania

tanzania investment regime
TANZANIA INVESTMENT REGIME

Investment framework in Tanzania is characterised by: -

  • Relative ease of entry and establishment
  • No ownership restrictions or performance requirements.
  • A fiscal stability clause, Section 19(2) of TI Act 1997 that guarantees investors that incentives provided will not be amended or modified to the detriment of the investors enjoying those benefits.
  • No restrictions on the repatriation of profits or disinvestments in Tanzania
  • Investors have the right to make transfer payments in freely convertible currency
slide19

TANZANIA INVESTMENT REGIME

  • Investors are allowed to obtain land for investment purposes through the TIC that issues derivative rights (under the new Land (Amendment) Act (2004) ) .
  • Under Section 24 of the TI Act 1997, TIC certificate holders have the right of an initial automatic quota of employing up to five persons during the start up period.
  • Only in a few cases are foreigners required to pay an extra tax other wise the corporate tax stands at 30 percent, and VAT is 20 percent for all companies except for those that have specific incentives.
  • Govt. has passed the Employment and Labour Relations Act (2004) with the purpose of having a labour regime whose policies, laws and regulatory structures promote employment, protect labour and at the same time allow enterprises to grow and compete in the modern economy.
  • The country also benefits from specific bilateral initiatives particularly USA, under the familiar AGOA program, and the EU under EBA.
recent developments
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
  • The establishment of the Customs Union Protocol, which was signed on 2nd March 2004, is one of the greatest achievements of the new EAC.
  • A number of specialized taskforces have been formulated and revision of regulations through task forces such as the Tax Reform Taskforce, the Land Reform Taskforce, and the Labour Reform Taskforce, etc. These task forces include members from different government departments, civil society, and the business community.
  • Tanzania has also signed a number of international agreements governing the protection of foreign investment in Tanzania including bilateral investment treaties (BIT) and double taxation treaties (DTT). Negotiations are currently in the process to conclude agreements with Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mauritius and South Africa.
attractions
ATTRACTIONS
  • Beautiful country with friendly people
  • Favourable Investment Environment

A. Successful Macroeconomic performance

B. Effective “One Stop facilitative Centre” (TIC)

C. National Investment Steering Committee

D. Tanzania National Business Council for“smart partnership”

  • Abundant Investment Opportunities
  • Talented and skilled labour force.
  • Willingness to listen
perceptions hindering fdi bureaucracy
PERCEPTIONS HINDERING FDIBUREAUCRACY

Source: Doing business in 2004 (World Bank)

tanzania economic statistics
TANZANIA ECONOMIC STATISTICS

Source: National Bureau of Statistics 2004 - Tanzania

slide25

TIC REGISTERED PROJECTS

FROM 1995 TO 2004

fdi inflows to tanzania from 1992 97 to 2003
FDI INFLOWS TO TANZANIAFROM 1992-97 TO 2003

*

*

@

@ Annual average from 1992 to 1997

* Sharp increase was due to huge investment in mining projects

Source: World Investment Report - 2004

  • Despite declining world FDI inflows, FDI into Tanzania has been increasing in the past five years, with an average of US$ 356 million annually.
the best programme
THE BEST PROGRAMME
  • The Government and Donors (DFID, SIDA, DANIDA and the Royal Netherlands Govt. have set-up a basket fund late 2003 for the Business Environment Strengthening of Tanzania (BEST).
  • This is a five year programme commenced this year (2004) to year 2008 at a cost of US$ 18 million.
  • The BEST programme piloting continuous improvement of an enabling environment for private sector operations.
  • Creating a better policy, administrative, legal, regulatory and judicial framework
the way forward
THE WAY FORWARD

The establishment/formation of programmes such as

  • Business Environment Strengthening for Tanzania (BEST)
  • Export Processing Zone (EPZ)
  • Special Economic Zones (SEZ)
  • Spatial Development Initiatives (SDIs)
  • Tanzania National Business Council (TNBC)
  • National Investment Steering Committee (NISC)

Among others, is a manifestation of the Govt’s commitment towards establishing a private sector led economic growth.

the way forward31
THE WAY FORWARD
  • Proactively championing Regional Integration to create bigger markets and investments with enhanced benefits and faster growth to all.
  • As follow up action to the UNCTAD Investment Policy Review –2003, TIC has commissioned two research studies (i.e. Tanzania comparative/competitive advantages study and a study to evaluate the growth and impact of investment) in order to target more precisely investment promotion & facilitation activities.
  • New licensing legislation (under BEST programme)
  • Labour laws being amended
slide33

End of presentation

Thank you for your kind attention

Visit us on: http://www.tic.co.tz