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Constructivism & Classical Liberalism. Constructivism. Society of states rather than atomistic units Norms, ideas, identities, rhetoric matter Constitutive and regulatory rules -Constitutive rules: the underlying rules of the system -Regulative rules: regulate interaction. Martha Finnemore.

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Presentation Transcript
constructivism
Constructivism
  • Society of states rather than atomistic units
  • Norms, ideas, identities, rhetoric matter
  • Constitutive and regulatory rules

-Constitutive rules: the underlying rules of the system

-Regulative rules: regulate interaction

martha finnemore
Martha Finnemore
  • Realist and liberal theories do not provide a good explanation of humanitarian intervention
  • Norms shape states’ interest and behavior
constructivist agenda
Constructivist Agenda
  • Examine the role of specific ideas and norms

->Anti-apartheid, anti-slavery, human rights, banning of land mines, humanitarian intervention

  • The role of networks in spreading norms, policies, ideas
  • The role of identities in shaping state behavior
  • The role of perception and rhetorical action
critique
Critique
  • Wishful thinking, discount potential for conflict
  • Ideas and norms are trumped over by power and interests
  • Difficult to test/verify validity of theory
classical liberalism
Classical Liberalism
  • Domestic politics and institutions matter
  • Liberal principles
    • Market and private property economy
    • State sovereignty and self-determination
    • Individual rights: free press, free speech; right to assembly; religious toleration;
    • Constitutional and representative government
    • Checks and balances
conditions for liberal peace
Conditions for Liberal Peace
  • Immanuel Kant (Perpetual Peace, 1795)
    • Liberal republican government
    • A pacific union/federation
      • Mutual non-aggression pact
      • Role of reason
      • Recognition of rights of other liberal states
    • Cosmopolitan law of universal hospitality
      • Right of access
liberal states and imperialism
Liberal States and Imperialism
  • Joseph Schumpeter (Sociology of Imperialism, 1919):
    • Democracy and trade result in pacifism
  • Niccolo Machiavelli (XVc. Florence)
    • Republics best suited for imperial expansion
  • Lenin

(Imperialism, the Latest Stage of Capitalism, 1974)

    • Capitalism inevitably leads to imperialism
democratic peace theory
Democratic Peace Theory
  • Democracies do not fight wars with each other
    • Role of publics
    • Checks and balances
    • Appreciate rights of non-republics
    • Role of trade and transnational constituencies?
evidence of democratic peace
Evidence of Democratic Peace

Liberal Regimes and the Pacific Union

60

50

50

40

29

30

20

13

10

8

3

0

18th c.

1800-1850

1850-1900

1900-1945

1945-1982

critique of liberalism
Critique of Liberalism
  • Idealist and Utopian
  • Public opinion in democracies often supportive of wars
  • Relation between democracy and peace spurious (explained by a third factor such as balance of power)
  • Peace encourages democracy rather than vice versa.