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Consonant Sounds. t voiceless sound . The front part of the tongue touches the alveolar ridge. Produce it without moving your voice box. Rule . Whenever this sound comes in the beginning of the word, it gets aspirated. T ongue T ouch T ip T ogether T orch A tt ach pain t.

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t voiceless sound
t voiceless sound
  • The front part of the tongue touches the alveolar ridge.
  • Produce it without moving your voice box.
slide4
Rule
  • Whenever this sound comes in the beginning of the word, it gets aspirated.
slide5
Tongue
  • Touch
  • Tip
  • Together
  • Torch
  • Attach
  • paint
slide6
He takes the bus to work everyday.
  • He is tall and has dark hair.
  • Turn left. Walk three blocks.
  • It’s taking a long time.
  • The package weighs two pounds.
  • The soup tastes salty.
  • He always studied hard before a test.
  • Did you use to travel a lot for work.
d voiced sound
d voiced sound
  • Produce from the same place as t sound by moving voice box.
slide9
Doctor
  • Doll
  • Dance
  • Division
  • Deep
  • Bad
  • blade
slide10
I don’t understand.
  • She’s making dinner.
  • We don’t own a car.
  • Someone is at the door.
  • I drink coffee every morning.
  • Would you like some tea?
  • You could meet for lunch or dinner.
  • Doctors study for many years.
s voiceless sound
s voiceless sound
  • The front part of the tongue touches the alveolar ridge, similarly as t and d sounds.
  • Produce it without moving your voice box.
slide13
Soft
  • Set
  • Social
  • Society
  • Sing
  • Assume
  • miss
slide14
Doctors study for many years.
  • I always eat cereals for breakfast.
  • School starts at 8:00 and finishes at 3:00.
  • It sometimes rains here in the summer.
  • The soup tastes salty.
  • Bicyclists must obey all traffic lights in the city.
  • You are a student, aren’t you?
z voiced sound
z voiced sound
  • Produce from the same place as s sound by moving voice box.
slide17
Zone
  • Zip
  • Zebra
  • Zeal
  • Rise
  • Froze
  • rose
slide18
Be careful! The floor is wet.
  • It was raining.
  • I have a car, and so does she.
  • This town is too small.
  • Every one knows each other.
  • He works more quickly than she does.
  • My office is as big as his office.
  • When you visit a national park, you can go fishing.
sh voiceless sound
sh (ʃ) voiceless sound
  • The front part of the tongue touches the back side of the alveolar ridge and front part of the hard palate.
  • Produce it without moving voice box.
slide21
Ship
  • Shoulder
  • Sharp
  • Show
  • Fresh
  • Smash
  • crash
slide22
She seems angry.
  • Sure. You can use my computer.
  • Can I have coffee with milk and sugar.
  • Where should we go for dinner?
  • You have got to finish today.
  • We’ve got to send out the invitations today.
  • He works more quickly than she does.
z voiced sound23
Z (ʒ) voiced sound
  • Produce from the same place as sh sound by moving voice box.
slide25
Measure
  • Vision
  • Treasure
  • Visual
  • Leisure
  • pleasure
slide26
It was a pleasure to go to Asia.
  • His vision was to find treasure.
  • The invasion created division among the people.
  • There was a collision and an explosion.
  • While the student did some revision for his exam, he watched television.
  • It was a happy occasion.
  • I saw how he measured the erosion on the television show.
k voiceless sound
k voiceless sound
  • The back part of the tongue touches the velum or soft palate.
  • Produce without moving voice box.
slide29
Rule
  • When it comes in the beginning of the word, it gets aspirated.
slide30
Car
  • Keep
  • Kite
  • Kangroo
  • Call
  • Speak
  • tackle
slide31
The club meets in the library every Friday.
  • They want a new car.
  • We belong to the soccer club.
  • My mother often cooks for us.
  • The cafeteria food is usually bad.
  • Stop the car.
  • In order to finish my Christmas shopping early, I started in November.
g voiced sound
g voiced sound
  • Produce from the same place as k sound by moving voice box.
slide34
Group
  • Game
  • Goal
  • Gun
  • Gum
  • Mango
  • mug
slide35
My grades are improving this semester.
  • Computers are getting cheaper all the time.
  • The garden was beautiful last year.
  • I will be able to see better after I get new glasses.
  • I forgot to go to her party.
  • Keep up the good work.
ch t voiceless sound
ch (tʃ) voiceless sound
  • The middle part of the tongue touches the back of the alveolar ridge and front of the hard palate.
  • Produce without moving voice box.
slide38
Chicken
  • Chinese
  • Chocolate
  • Chips
  • Chin
  • French
  • bench
slide39
I’m looking for a cheap car.
  • They’ll probably win the championship.
  • I ate too much pizza.
  • I bought a lot of potato chips.
  • You could meet for lunch or dinner.
  • We have few sandwiches.
  • There are so many choices in this menu.
  • He is a champion.
j d voiced sound
J (dʒ) voiced sound
  • Produce from the same place as ch sound by moving voice box.
slide42
Jar
  • Jungle
  • Jump
  • Job
  • Gem
  • Bandage
  • budget
slide43
They have a large house.
  • Just put it on my desk.
  • You ought to look for a new job.
  • There is some juice in the refrigerator.
  • Just don’t drop the jar.
  • She earned an average wage.
  • She is coming in June.
  • Put this jug on the table.
m nasal sound
m nasal sound
  • Lips are pressed together, but the air escapes through nose.
slide46
Mango
  • Man
  • Mouth
  • More
  • Mountain
  • Name
  • game
slide47
Come to my office, please.
  • He called five minutes ago.
  • I’ll move in the summer.
  • Would you please look over my report?
  • Will you help me for a minute?
  • I have to hurry. I’m going to be late!
  • May I have this pen.
  • She might come tomorrow.
n nasal sound
n nasal sound
  • The front part of the tongue touches the alveolar ridge, but air escapes through nose.
slide50
Noun
  • Needle
  • Nose
  • Neck
  • Nurse
  • Jane
  • main
slide51
She knows the answer.
  • He never cleans his room.
  • She is making dinner now.
  • Electric car will become popular in the next ten years.
  • She’ll find a new job.
  • Can I use the computer now?
  • Your name should be at the top.
n nasal sound52
n~ (ŋ) nasal sound
  • The back part of the tongue touches the velum or soft palate, and air escapes through nose.
slide54
Sing
  • Ring
  • Bring
  • Drink
  • Singer
  • Finger
  • wrinkle
slide55
She seems angry.
  • It wasn’t raining at lunchtime.
  • At six o’ clock she was making a phone call.
  • I was studying at Tokyo university in 2001.
  • I am going to study hard for the test.
  • I have worked here for a long time.
  • When I was sleeping, the telephone rang.
l three different sounds
l three different sounds
  • There is a complete closure between the centre of the tongue and the alveolar ridge.
  • The only way for the air to escape is along the sides of the tongue.
slide58
Rule
  • It gives different sounds as it change its place in the word.
  • It is different in the beginning, middle and end.
three different sounds of l
Three different sounds of ‘l’
  • Whenever it comes in the beginning of the word, sound gets prominent.
  • Whenever it comes in the middle of the word, sound gets merge with the next sound.
  • Whenever it comes at the end of the word, sound stops.
slide60
Language
  • Large
  • Held
  • Melt
  • Sold
  • Middle
  • shrill
slide61
She likes sports.
  • Look! It’s snowing.
  • This week I’m doing research at the library.
  • I’ve lived here since I was 20.
  • Strong winds can cause a lot of damage.
  • Turn left. Walk three blocks.
  • Let the door be open.
w approximant sound
w approximant sound
  • Lips get round.
  • Tongue will not touch any part in the mouth. It remains in the air.
slide64
Water
  • War
  • When
  • Warm
  • Wait
  • flow
  • below
slide65
We have dinner at 6:00.
  • Be careful! The floor is wet.
  • Please watch your step.
  • I don’t feel well.
  • I was at the concert.
  • We weren’t angry.
  • We went shopping yesterday.
  • I worked there for many years.
r approximant sound
r approximant sound
  • Tongue rolls back to the middle of the alveolar ridge and the hard palate, but do not touch it.
slide68
Role
  • Right
  • Roof
  • Rank
  • Mark
  • Borrow
  • rubber
slide69
She has a red car.
  • He never cleans the room.
  • It rained hard all afternoon.
  • Sally walked home in the rain.
  • When the phone rang, I answered it.
  • If you elect me, I won’t raise taxes.
  • Would you please look over my reports?
  • The roots of this plant are very long.
y j approximant sound
Y (j) approximant sound
  • The middle part of the tongue raise towards the hard palate, but do not touch it.
slide72
Yellow
  • You
  • York
  • Yet
  • Pure
  • Cure
  • tune
slide73
I believe you.
  • Please watch your step.
  • We went shopping yesterday.
  • She used to be unfriendly.
  • When I get home, I’ll call you.
  • The baby can walk, but she can’t talk yet.
  • Don’t yawn in my class.
  • Yes you may leave class.
h narrow vocal cord sound
h narrow vocal cord sound
  • Vocal cords get narrow and air escapes out.
slide76
House
  • Harm
  • Heart
  • Healthy
  • Hand
  • Horse
  • hard
slide77
He is tall and has dark hair.
  • Please come home early.
  • I’m painting my house this week.
  • He always studied hard before a test.
  • He seemed happy to see me.
  • I’ve worked here since 2000.
  • How old are you?
  • Have a nice day!