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Bay Area Transportation and Land Use Planning

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  1. Bay Area Transportation and Land Use Planning

  2. 10 Worst Congestion Locations in 2000

  3. Fastest-Growing Bay Area Travel Markets, 2000–2020

  4. Total Population GrowthPercentage change 2000 – 2040

  5. 233% Increase

  6. Regional Daily Trips by Mode in 2025 Work and Non-Work Trips

  7. How Does the Draft RTP Purpose to Spend the $87.4 Billion

  8. How Much Money Will Be Available? Total = $87.4 Billion

  9. How Does the Draft RTP Spend the $8.6 Billion in Track 1? • MTC/Regional Priorities ($3.6 billion) • Transit maintenance shortfalls $1.2 billion • Regional roads maintenance shortfalls $0.1 billion • Regional Transit Expansion Agreement $1.4 billion • MTC regional programs $0.9 billion • Transportation for Livable Communities • Housing Incentive Program (HIP) • TransLink® smart card • Freeway Service Patrol/call box network • TravInfo® (817-1717) traveler info system

  10. What are the Key Bay Area Trends Over the Next 25 Years?

  11. Metropolitan Transportation Commission’sTransportation Land Use InitiativesTLC, HIP and Smart Growth

  12. TLC Program Overview • Grants for community based transportation projects (mixed-use, affordable housing) • Typical projects: pedestrian/transit-oriented streetscapes and developments (“transit villages”) • Encourage innovative thinking and community partnership • Grassroots projects encouraged

  13. TLC Program Quick Facts • TLC encompasses a range of programs • Planning grants for conceptual design • Capital grants for construction • Housing Incentive Program • $54 million in federal funds over six years for capital and housing programs • $475,000 per year for planning grants subject to annual MTC budget • 107 projects funded to date ($46 million)

  14. Relationship of TLC to Other MTC Activities • Implementation tool for land use criteria in MTC’s Transit Expansion Policy (Res. 3434) • Considering identifying areas around new transit expansion stations as top priority when awarding funds. • Foundation for future programs currently being considered • Specific Plan Grant Program • Air Quality Plan - Integration with other housing and transportation incentive programs (HUD grants, tax credits, statewide housing bond measure) • Possibly lead to other new incentive programs recommended by Regional Smart Growth Project

  15. 16th Street BART Community Design Plans, San Francisco Existing conditions of BART station, southwest plaza (left) and conceptual redesign (below) Planning Grant: $25,000 Capital Grant: $1.7 million Local Match: $260,000

  16. Ohlone-Chynoweth Commons: Eden Housing, City of San Jose, Valley Transportation Authority Capital Grant: $575,000 Local Match: $100,000

  17. Housing Incentive Program • Focus on dense housing walkable to transit • New program, based on San Mateo model • Transportation funds awarded to local jurisdictions helping implement compact, transit-oriented housing • Grant funds = $9 million annually • Transportation funds for transportation projects consistent with TLC goals

  18. Rationale for HIP Program • Incentives provide resources to local jurisdictions attempting to implement transit focused housing • “Smart growth” and infill development are more expensive, risky, and difficult to implement than development on greenfields on the urban fringe • Housing often perceived as a “cost” to local jurisdictions • New projects often meet resistance from local community • Incentives reduce the financial barriers to infill development

  19. Project Eligibility – HIP • Projects submitted in the planning process • Housing projects are within 1/3 of a mile (1,800’) walk to the transit stop • Transit service has 15 minute headways during peak period commute hours • Applicant for funds is a city or county department/agency

  20. Density Thresholds & Awards • More funds for more density • Bonus for affordable housing 25 units per acre = $1,000 per bedroom + $500 per affordable bedroom 40 units per acre = $1,500 per bedroom + $500 per affordable bedroom 60 units per acre or more = $2,000 per bedroom + $500 per affordable bedroom

  21. First Call For Projects • 16 cities submitted applications representing $22 million • $15 million in applications were found eligible and $9 million available for 5,323 units • Bedrooms: 5,411 market rate and 2,060 affordable

  22. HIP Lessons Learned • Projects take time to implement: • Community involvement • Connection to larger development project • Institutional relationships (local jurisdiction, transit agency, non-profit organizations, community groups, funding agencies) • Complex funding arrangements • Annual call for projects awkward approach given development and planning process • Confusion about eligible uses of funds

  23. Bay Area Regional Smart Growth • Sponsorship by 5 Bay Area regional agencies • ABAG, MTC, BAAQMD, BCDC, RWQCB • Commitment of almost $ 1.5 million in cash • Participation by Board members • Staff time for planning, analysis and support • Also sponsored by Bay Area Alliance • Coalition of 45 community and business groups • Represent the 3 Es: Economy, Environment and Social Equity • Further support by local jurisdictions/agencies

  24. Smart Growth and Livability • Region expected to grow by 1 million people and 1 million jobs over next 20 years • Current trends result in • 265,000+ people commuting daily into the region • Worsening housing shortage and expense • Worsening congestion and air quality • Development of over 80,000 acres of greenspace

  25. Smart Growth goals • Bring future jobs and housing closer together, and close to transit • Increase transportation choices • Improve air quality • Reduce congestion • Improve housing affordability • Strengthen existing cities • Protect valuable open space

  26. First phase of workshops • 9 county level workshops • Participation of 1,000 people – whole day Saturday sessions • GIS used to electronically map proposals during workshops – participants could see results in progress • Definition of 3 Smart Growth Alternatives

  27. Smart Growth Alternatives “Central Cities” • Focus development in the region’s biggest cities, and biggest city or cities in each county “Network of Neighborhoods” • Develop in biggest cities as above, but less dense, plus additional compact, mixed use development along transportation corridors “Smarter Suburbs” • Growth in locations above but at lower densities. Additional growth at the region’s edges, balancing jobs to housing and housing to jobs

  28. Analysis of Impacts:3 Alternatives and Base Case • Environment (new land used, air, water quality) • Transportation (proximity of jobs and housing to transit, levels of transit and non-auto modes) • Housing (match of numbers and incomes to housing costs by area) • Social and Economic Equity (impacts on impoverished communities) • Development Feasibility

  29. Public Workshop Round 1 September and October 2001 Distillation and Analysis Public Workshop Round 2 April and May 2002 ABAG Consideration Action Plan

  30. Development of Action Plan Incentives and Regulatory Changes Focus on regional, State, & Federal actions • Fiscal Reforms • Issues of property tax, sales tax, tax sharing • Financial Incentives • Possible funding of smart zones, joint school community facilities, prioritizing housing and transportation funding • Regulatory Changes • Consideration of CEQA modifications, construction defect legislation, livable wage

  31. For more information • TLC – Ashley Nguyen ANguyen@mtc.ca.gov • HIP – Trent Lethco Tlethco@mtc.ca.gov • Smart Growth – Valerie Knepper VKnepper@mtc.ca.gov Metropolitan Transportation Commission 101 Eighth Street Oakland, CA 94607 510.464.7700 Slides may be downloaded from: http://www.mtc.ca.gov